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1. WO1996004585 - OUTSIDE-ACTIVE-MATRIX-LCD

Publication Number WO/1996/004585
Publication Date 15.02.1996
International Application No. PCT/US1995/009719
International Filing Date 02.08.1995
Chapter 2 Demand Filed 01.03.1996
IPC
G02F 1/1333 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
G02F 1/1335 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
G02F 1/13357 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
13357Illuminating devices
G02F 1/1362 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
1362Active matrix addressed cells
CPC
G02F 1/133305
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
133305Flexible substrates, e.g. plastics, organic film
G02F 1/13336
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
13336Combining plural substrates to produce large-area displays, e.g. tiled displays
G02F 1/133512
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
133509Filters, e.g. light shielding masks
133512Light shielding layers, e.g. black matrix
G02F 1/1362
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
1362Active matrix addressed cells
G02F 2001/133622
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
1336Illuminating devices
133621providing coloured light
133622colour sequential illumination
G02F 2201/42
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
2201Constructional arrangements not provided for in groups G02F1/00 - G02F7/00
42Arrangements for providing conduction through an insulating substrate
Applicants
  • GE, Shichao [CN/US]; US
  • HUANG, Xi [CN/US]; US
  • GE, Xiaoqin [CN/CN]; CN
Inventors
  • GE, Shichao; US
  • HUANG, Xi; US
  • GE, Xiaoqin; CN
Agents
  • HSUE, James, S. ; Majestic, Parsons, Siebert & Hsue Suite 1450 Four Embarcadero Center San Francisco, CA 94111-4121, US
Priority Data
08/283,61602.08.1994US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) OUTSIDE-ACTIVE-MATRIX-LCD
(FR) AFFICHAGE A CRISTAUX LIQUIDES A MATRICE ACTIVE EXTERNE
Abstract
(EN)
A new kind of Active-Matrix LCD, called Outside-Active-Matrix LCD (OAM-LCD), is formed by depositing the active-matrix (509) on the outside surface of the LCD substrate (506). Each active component is connected with a related dot electrode (507) of the LCD cell through thin conductive lead (511), which is hidden in the substrate (506). The OAM-LCD can use transmission LC or scattering LC. This OAM-LCD not only makes the large screen LCD feasible, but also is easy to manufacture. The OAM-LCD can be used for making large screen hang-on-wall TV, and super large screen mosaic video display both indoor and outdoor applications. OAM-LCD's features include high brightness, high efficiency, good color quality, long life time, low cost and high contrast, especially under high ambient illumination, such as under direct sunlight.
(FR)
On produit un nouveau type d'affichage à cristaux liquides à matrice active, appelé affichage à cristaux liquides à matrice active externe (OAM-LCD), en déposant la matrice active (509) sur la surface externe du substrat (506) de l'affichage à cristaux liquides. Chaque composant actif est connecté à une électrode ponctuelle correspondante (507) de la cellule de l'affichage à cristaux liquides par l'intermédiaire d'un mince fil conducteur (511), qui est caché dans le substrat (506). Cet affichage à cristaux liquides à matrice active externe peut utiliser des cristaux liquides à transmission ou à diffusion. Il permet de réaliser des affichages à cristaux liquides de grandes dimensions et est facile à produire. Il peut être utilisé pour la production de grands écrans de télévision à suspendre aux parois, ainsi que d'écrans vidéo à mosaïque de très grandes dimensions pour des applications à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur. Les caractéristiques de ces affichages comprennent une grande luminosité, un grand rendement, une bonne qualité de couleurs, une longue durée de vie, un faible coût et un contraste élevé, notamment dans des conditions de forte luminosité ambiante, telles que sous la lumière solaire directe.
Also published as
KR1019970700682
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