Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO1995020816 - ENERGY GENERATION AND GENERATOR BY MEANS OF ANHARMONIC STIMULATED FUSION

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

CLAIMS
1. Process of energy generation by means of anharmonic stimulated fusion of hydrogen isotopes adsorbed on a metallic core characterised in that it comprises:
- a charging step on said metallic core of a quantity of hydrogen isotopes H and D which are adsorbed in the crystal lattice of said core;
- a heating step in which said core charged with hydrogen isotopes is heated to reach a temperature higher than a threshold temperature corresponding to Debye's constant temperature of the material composing said core;
- a startup step of said core wherein a vibrational stress is produced with a rise time less than 0.1 seconds which activates a nuclear fusion of said hydrogen isotopes.
- a stationary step during which it is exchanged the heat produced by the H+D nuclear fusion reaction which occurs in the core because of a steady keeping of a coherent multimodal system of stationary oscillations.
2. Process according to claim 1, wherein during said heating step said threshold temperature corresponding to

Debye's constant must be exceeded by at least a ΔT comprised between several degrees and several tens of degrees, according to the type of material in which said active core is formed.
3. Process according to claim 1, wherein during said charging step, heating step, startup step and stationary step a magnetic field having an intensity greater than 0.1 Tesla is applied to said core.
4. Process according to claim 1, wherein during said charging step said hydrogen isotopes made to adsorb in said core have a ratio of D isotopes to H isotopes greater than 1/80000.
5. Process according to claim 1, wherein during said charging step said hydrogen isotopes made to adsorb on said core have a ratio of D isotopes to H isotopes comprised between 1/10000 and 1/1000.
6. Process according to claim 1, wherein during said charging step said hydrogen isotopes made to adsorb on said core have a ratio of D isotopes to H isotopes of about 1/6000 (natural hydrogen) .
7. Process according to claim 1, wherein at the end of said charging step the crowding of the H and D atoms adsorbed on the metal exceeds a numeric ratio of hydrogen isotopes to metal atoms of 0.3.
8. Process according to claim 1, wherein after said stationary step a shutdown step of the fusion reaction is provided by cooling said core below said threshold temperature .
9. Process according to claim 1, wherein after said stationary step a shutdown step of the fusion reaction is provided by means of production of a further vibrational stress which disorganises said coherent multimodal system of stationary oscillations.
10. Process according to claim 9, wherein said shutdown step comprises the introduction after having temporarily provoked a vacuum of a polyatomic gas into a chamber containing said active core causing said further vibrational stress.
11. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by means of a thermal stress obtained by introducing into a chamber containing said core a polyatomic gas with pressure gradient comprised between 1 millibar and 4 bar.
12. Process according to claims 10 and 11, wherein said polyatomic gas comprises H2, D2, HD, HT, C2H4, NH3, N2, 02 or a mixture of two or more of them.
13. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by mechanic impulse of torsion, traction or compression applied to the ends of said active core with a rise time lesser than 10 seconds.
14. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by electric striction obtained by means of an electrical current impulse applied said active core.
15. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by impulses of a laser beam engraved on said core .
16. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by impulses of radiofrequency applied to said active core, having a frequency which corresponds to the resonance frequency of the spins of said hydrogen isotopes .
17. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by radiofrequency impulses applied to said active core, having a frequency which corresponds to the plasma frequency of the free electrons of the crystal lattice of said core.
18. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by impulses of ultrasonic vibrations applied to said active core, the latter being contained in a resonant cavity.
19. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by inverse piezoelectric effect by sending to the ends of the metallic core alternate voltage impulses with a frequency equal to that of the mechanic resonance of said core.
20. Process according to claim 1, wherein said startup step occurs by magnetostrictive effect, by means of the production, along said metallic core, of a magnetic field with peak values higher than the intensity of magnetic saturation and a rise time lower than 10" seconds.
21. Process according to claim 1, wherein said charging step occurs by electrolytic means .

22. Process according to claim 1, wherein said charging step occurs by means of immersion of said core in a gaseous environment containing hydrogen.
23. Process according to claim 1, wherein said charging step occurs by means of immersion of said core in solutions of HCI, HN03, H2S04.
24. Process according to claim 1, wherein said charging step occurs by means of immersion of said core in galvanic baths containing NH3 , the metal constituting the core being deposited on a support composed of Cu or ceramic.

25. Energy generator by means of anharmonic stimulated fusion of hydrogen isotopes adsorbed on metal characterised in that it comprises :
- an active metallic core, on which hydrogen isotopes are adsorbed;
- a generation chamber containing said active core;
heat exchange means placed inside or around said generating chamber and in which a thermal carrier fluid flows;
- means for starting up an anharmonic fusion reaction of said hydrogen isotopes adsorbed on said core.
26. Generator according to claim 25 wherein said active core has the form of a bar inserted in said generation chamber.
27. Generator according to claim 25 wherein said means for starting up said reaction comprises an electric coil immersed in a ceramic matrix and wrapped around a support shell defining said generation chamber.
28. Generator according to claim 27, wherein said generation chamber is crossed by a tube nest extending between two flanges welded to said support shell, said tube nest crossing said flanges and communicating with a prechamber comprising an annular jacket delimited by a cylindrical shell, said tube nest communicating also with a collection dome connected with means for external heat exchange and a circulation pump of a thermal carrier fluid.
29. Generator according to claim 27 and 28 wherein said metallic active core is electroplated on said tube nest.

30. Generator according to claim 27 to 29 wherein said generation chamber communicates, through axial ducts which cross said dome on one side and said prechamber on the other side, with a gas tank and an air pump suited to feed hydrogen or other gases into said generation chamber creating thermal stress and starting up said reaction.
31. Generator according to claim 25 and 26 wherein said generation chamber is contained in a heating cylinder in which an electric winding is immersed, a jacket around said cylinder being provided formed by a support shell and a cylindrical shell and allowing for the passage of said thermal carrier fluid, said generation chamber through a dome chamber communicating with a gas tank and with an air pump, said core being in contact with an electrode suited to transmit to it an impulse to startup said reaction.
32. Generator according to claim 25 wherein said core is a metal layer electroplated on a Cu or ceramic support .
33. Generator according to claim 25 wherein said core is a metallic powder present in said generation chamber.
34. Generator according to claim 25 wherein said means for starting up said reaction comprises a piezoelectric electrode fixed to said core.

BSTITUTE SHEE"