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1. (WO1991008645) TUNING APPARATUS
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This invention relates to tuning apparatus and more specifically, but not exclusively, to tuning apparatus for use with television (T.V.) and/or a video recorder (V.R.).
The growth in satellite communications has given rise to a variety of new television channels. These channels are transmitted from satellites. In order to maximise the bandwidth available for broadcasting, so as to optimise satellites' broadcasting capabilities, signals are transmitted not only at different frequencies, but also in different polarisation modes. Subscribers to various satellite channels must be in possession, of amongst other things, a tuner to select the channel as desired. This may result in the subscriber having to. have several tuners, if for example, he subscribes to view more than one channel. A satellite dish receives microwave energy and converts it to a more manageable frequency typically in the range of 950 - 1725 MHz. The tuner, together with a polarity selector, has been incorporated in a device known as the receiver. It is the receiver which receives the microwave converted signal from the satellite dish and further reduces its frequency to a UHF signal. This signal is known as the baseband signal.
A problem with receivers has been that they have basic electrical components in common with a T.V. or a V.R. If there is more than one receiver, they may each have components in common with one another. Not only does such a duplication of components give rise to an increase in costs, but also it can result in interference between either the receiver and the V.R. and/or the T.V. or between individual receivers .
Another problem when a viewer has more than one tuner , and therefore more than one receiver, is that each receiver is accompanied with its own remote controller which must be employed each time it is desired to view a different channel. Because of this , receivers for subscriber T . V . channels , whether or not they are satellite channels , are un necessarily expensive . A further problem is that if a subscriber has several such receivers , there may be large amounts of wiring , which together with the number of receivers , may be unsightly and even dangerous .
It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved video tuning apparatus .
According to the present invention video tuning apparatus comprises a tuner and video equipment having tuning circuitry, characterised in that the tuner receives a tuning control signal from the tuning circuitry.

Preferably the control signal is a variable voltage signal which may be already available from an existing microprocessor in the V . R.. The V . R . may be pre-programmed with a selection of channels , and the corresponding voltage representative of the frequency and /or polarity of the data signals carrying these channels , so that each channel maybe selected from a single remote controller .
Preferably the tuner is selectively switched so that the baseband signal, that is the signal which carries the desired channel to be viewed , is displayed directly onto a T . V . screen or is recorded directly onto a video recording medium . This may be achieved by adapting the remote controller for the V . R . , thereby removing the need for a separate controller for the receiver and V.R.
Preferably the tuner is in a form such that it may be mounted directly into the cabinet of a V.R., this may be as a single integrated circuit. The apparatus may be in the form of a plug or a permanent hard wire device, in either case a low voltage power supply, directly available from a bus within the V.R. is preferably provided to power the receiver.
Preferably the invention is inserted in series with the existing audio and vision output lines o- the video recorder. Switcnin means s provided which is linked to the microprocessor so as to switch., as required, either the receiver "into circuit" if it is desired to view a satellite channel; or to switch the normal output of the video recorder "into circuit", if it is desired to playback a recorded programme or view a non-satellite channel.
One embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example only, and with reference to the following figures in which: Figure 1 illustrates a diagramatical view of the prior art;
Figure 2 illustates a block diagram of Figure 1;
Figure 3 illustrates a diagramatical view of a T.V. and V.T.R.
with a satellite channel reception facility; and
Figure 4 illustrates a block diagram of the invention of figure 3.

Referring to figure 1 a satellite dish 1 is mounted together with a conventional T.V. aerial 2 on the roof 3 of a house 4. Inside the house there is a video tape recorder (V.T.R.) 5 which is linked via a coaxial cable 6 to a television set 7. The satellite dish 1 and the conventional aerial 2 are connected to the V.T.R. via coaxial cables la and 2a respectively. This is because the microwave signals are converted to lower frequency signals at the satellite dish, by microwave converter, 30. The V.T.R. 5, T.V. 7 and receiver 8 all have remote control facilities 5a, 7a and 8a respectively. The receiver 8, shown in detail in figure 2, receives high frequency signals from the satellite dish, and tunes the desired channel as described below.
Figure 2 shows how the receiver in figure 1, of which there may be several, operates. The arrowed lines indicate the power supply for eacn stage of the receiver. Remote controller Sήshines a coded infra-red beam to detector 60. The detector 60 converts the pulsed infra-red light to an electronic signal which is sent to microprocessor 70. The microprocessor 70 then determines by way of a look-up table (not shown) the frequency of the signal of the chosen channel and the respective polarity of the signal. Microprocessor 70 then sends control signals in parallel along lines LI and L2 to a tuning voltage generator 80 and a polarity control 90 respectively. In addition to this a control signal is sent to a channel display 36, which may be a liquid crystal display. The tuning voltage generator 80 outputs the D.C. tuning signal to the tuning demodulator 100. This D.C. signal is in the range of between 0 and 20 volts. The tuning demodulator 100 will then tune to the frequency corresponding to the D.C. input voltage thereby selecting the desired channel and outputting the correct baseband signal on the line L3. This signal is supplied to* a vision amplifier 110 and an audio filter 120 simultaneously. The amplified vision signal and filtered audio signal are then output from the receiver 8, shown in dotted lines to modulator and tuning circuitry of the video tape recorder (V.T.R.). This signal is then further processed by the V.T.R. where it is either recorded on the recording medium or directly output via the R.F. output line to a T.V. set.
Figure 3 illustrates a similar arrangement as illustrated in figure 1 with the same reference numerals being used throughout. However the V.T.R. 5 has been modified by including the invention 8 as depicated in detail in figure 4. Figure 4 illustrates a block diagram of the satellite receiver 8, which is shown in figure 3 as being inside the cabinet of the V.T.R. 5. Line la from the satellite dish is connected to input 10 of the tuner demodulater 11. The signal passes aiong the coaxial cable la to the tuner demodulater 11 where its frequency is lowered to a baseband signal and output to a visual signal amplifier 12 and audio filter 13. The amplified visual signal and filtered audio signal are then applied to visual and audio switching circuit 14. The switched output signal is then, according to whether it is desired to watch the programme on television or to record the programme using the V.T.R., output to the respective output port as separate audio and visual signals.
When it is desired to change channels, that is to say from one satellite channel to another satellite channel, from a satellite channel to a "terrestrial channel" (that is channels from "earth" based transmitters) or from a "terrestrial channel" to a satellite channel, the remote handset 5ήis used in conjunction with the detector mounted in the V.T.R. The selected channel has a predetermined code which pulses the infra-red beam. This code is detected by an infra-red detector and is then decoded by microprocessor 18. The microprocessor of the V.T.R.

determines if the new channel is either "terrestrial" or "satellite'' , if the channel is satellite it then provides a variable output voltage from between 0 to 20 volts to the tuner demodulater . As well as this the microprocessor may provide a separate control signal to the polarity controller 19. The channel is in effect changed by the variable tuning voltage being altered by the microprocessor 18 and the tuning parameters of the tuning demodulater being altered accordingly. The arrangement thereby enables the tuner to tune into a variety of satellite T . V . channels on demand from a single remote controller . If the cnannel is "terrestrial" the satellite receiving circuitry is switched "out of circuit and the UHF signal, as received by the conventional TV aerial , is diverted to the tuning circuitry .
The controller of course may be used to pre-select terrestrial channels in the usual way as well as being able to select satellite channels . The limitation as to the number of channels being imposed solely by the ability of the remote controller 5 to code the channel number and the microprocessor to recognise the code .
Although reference has been made to a video tape recorder it will be appreciated that the recording medium may be in the form of a video disc or any other video recording medium .
In addition to the above the microprocessor 18 may also display the ch.annel number on a liquid crystal display so as to enable the viewer to see to which channel he is tuned .
It is of course to be understood that the invention is not intended to be restricted to the details of the above embodiment which is described by way of example only.