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1. WO1990014001 - FEEDER FOR ANIMALS

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS;
(1) A feeder for receiving a bale for distributing the bale to a number of animals comprising an outer frame portion shaped to rest upon the ground and to define a band surrounding the bale characterized in that the outer frame portion has an upper edge at which the outer frame portion terminates which is below the head height of the animal over which the animal can reach for feeding, and a plurality of elongate frame members each connected to the outer frame portion and shaped to extend from the outer frame portion to a position inwardly thereof and at a height above the upper edge thereof to provide a confining effect on the bale at a position spaced inwardly of the outer frame portion/ the area internally of the frame members being open to freely receive one large bale therein.
(2) A feeder according to Claim 1 wherein a portion of each of the frame members connected to said upper edge of the outer frame portion has at least a component of direction extending inwardly from the upper edge.
(3) A feeder according to Claim 1 wherein each of the frame members comprises one of a pair of the frame members which pair is connected at upper ends of the frame members to define an inverted U-shaped member with legs of the U-shaped member depending downwardly and forming the frame members.
(4) A feeder according to Claim 3 wherein a path is defined between each of the U-shaped members and the next adjacent U-shaped member which path is open at the top to allow the head of the animal to pass downwardly into the path from above the top of the U-shaped members between the adjacent ones of the frame members.

(5) A feeder according to Claim 1 wherein the height of the upper edge of the outer frame portion is arranged such that the upper edge is below the shoulder of the animal with the frame members extending upwardly beyond the upper edge in front of the animal with the animal facing inwardly over the outer frame.
(6) A feeder according to any one of Claims 1 to 5 wherein the frame members are attached to the upper edge of the outer frame with the first portion thereof inclined upwardly and inwardly therefrom.
(7) A feeder according to any one of Claims 1 to 5 wherein each of the frame members includes a portion extending vertically of the outer frame and connected to the outer frame.
(8) A feeder according to any one of Claims 1 to 5 wherein each of the frame members includes a portion extending vertically of the outer frame and connected to the outer frame/ and wherein the outer frame comprises a plurality of horizontal rails extending circumferentially of the outer frame with the vertical portions of the frame members connecting each horizontal rail to the next adjacent horizontal rail.
(9) A feeder according to any one of Claims 1 to 5 wherein the outer frame is circular in plan such that the spacing of said position on each frame member from the next adjacent frame member is less than the spacing of the frame member from the next adjacent frame member at the outer frame.
(10) A feeder according to any one of Claims 1 to 5 wherein the outer frame is formed of a plurality of separate parts divided angularly of a central vertical axis of the outer frame with each part carrying a plurality of the frame members.
(11) A feeder according to Claim 1 wherein each of the frame members includes a portion inclined outwardly at a top end thereof to act as an inclined guide surface for centering the bale as it slides into the area confined by the frame members.
(12) A feeder according to any one of Claims 1 to 5 wherein the outer frame includes a skirt formed from a sheet material extending from the ground upwardly over at least a part of the outer frame to confine feed material to the interior of the outer frame.
(13) A feeder for receiving a large cylindrical bale for distributing the bale to a number of animals/ comprising an outer frame portion which is substantially circular in plan and defines a band having a lower surface for resting upon the ground and for surrounding a bale resting upon the ground inwardly of the outer frame portion the outer frame portion having an upper edge at which the outer frame portion terminates and a plurality of tombstone frame members each comprising an inverted U-shaped member defining a curved upper connecting portion and a pair of depending legs with each of the legs connected to the outer frame so as to extend upwardly from the upper edge of the outer frame to a height above the upper edge/ characterized in that each of the tombstone frame members has a first portion extending inwardly toward the bale and a second portion extending from the first portion substantially vertically to a height above the upper edge of the outer frame portion/ the second portions of the tombstone frame members lying on a circle having a diameter less than the diameter of the outer frame portion so as to confine the bale inwardly of the outer frame portion and to define a space between the circle and the outer frame portion.
(14) A feeder according to Claim 13 wherein the height of the upper edge of the outer frame is arranged such that the upper edge is below the shoulder of the animal with the frame members extending upwardly beyond the upper edge in front of the animal with the animal facing inwardly over the outer frame.
(15) A feeder according to Claim 13 wherein each of the frame members includes a third portion inclined outwardly from a top end of the second portion to act as an inclined guide surface for centering the bale as it slides into the area confined by the second portions of the tombstone frame members.
(16) A feeder according to Claim 1 or 13 wherein the outer frame portion comprises a substantially vertical skirt defining a band surrounding the bale, the skirt being formed from a single sheet of metal shaped to define a top flange lying substantially at right angles to the skirt, a bottom flange lying substantially at right angles to the skirt and a return portion intermediate the height of the skirt including a first flange portion and a second flange portion/ the top flange/ the first and second flange portions each having apertures therein such that a respective one of the frame members can project through the apertures from a position adjacent the bottom flange to a position above the top flange.
(17) A feeder for receiving a bale for distributing the bale to a number of animals/ comprising a first frame portion in the form of a substantially vertical skirt defining a band surrounding the bale and a plurality of rails projecting upwardly from the skirt, the skirt being formed from a single sheet of metal shaped to define a top a plurality of horizontal flanges lying substantially at right angles to the skirt/ lower portions of the rails being connected to the skirt and the strength of the first frame portion being provided substantially wholly by the skirt/ the flanges therein and the lower portions of the rails.
(18) The feeder according to Claim 17 wherein the flanges include a top flange/ a bottom flange and a return portion intermediate the height of the skirt including a first flange portion and a second flange portion/ the top flange/ first and second flange portions each having apertures therein such that a respective one of the rails can project through the apertures from a position adjacent the bottom flange to a position above the top flange.
(19) The feeder according to claim 18 including a downwardly extending flange at an inner edge of the top flange/ an upwardly extending flange at an inner edge of the bottom flange and a connecting portion between the first and second flange portions all of which lie substantially in the same vertical plane.
(20) The feeder according to Claim 17 wherein the rail is welded to at least one of the flanges and wherein the structural strength for the lower portion of the feeder is provided solely by the interconnection between the rail and the skirt.