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1. WO1987005856 - METHOD AND EXTRUDER HEAD FOR MANUFACTURING EXTRUSION PRODUCTS FROM MELTED PLASTIC

Publication Number WO/1987/005856
Publication Date 08.10.1987
International Application No. PCT/FI1987/000047
International Filing Date 03.04.1987
IPC
B29C 47/06 2006.1
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
47Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
04of multilayered or multicoloured articles
06Multilayered articles
B29C 47/24 2006.1
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
47Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
08Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
12Extrusion nozzles or dies
20with annular opening, e.g. for tubular articles
24with die parts rotatable relative to each other
B29C 47/36 2006.1
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
47Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
08Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
36Means for plasticising or homogenising the moulding material or forcing it through the nozzle or die
CPC
B29C 2791/007
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
2791Shaping characteristics in general
004Shaping under special conditions
007Using fluid under pressure
B29C 48/06
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
48Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
03characterised by the shape of the extruded material at extrusion
06Rod-shaped
B29C 48/08
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
48Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
03characterised by the shape of the extruded material at extrusion
07Flat, e.g. panels
08flexible, e.g. films
B29C 48/09
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
48Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
03characterised by the shape of the extruded material at extrusion
09Articles with cross-sections having partially or fully enclosed cavities, e.g. pipes or channels
B29C 48/10
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
48Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
03characterised by the shape of the extruded material at extrusion
09Articles with cross-sections having partially or fully enclosed cavities, e.g. pipes or channels
10flexible, e.g. blown foils
B29C 48/1472
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
48Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
14characterised by the particular extruding conditions, e.g. in a modified atmosphere or by using vibration
147after the die nozzle
1472at the die nozzle exit zone
Applicants
  • KIRJAVAINEN, Kari [FI]/[FI]
Inventors
  • KIRJAVAINEN, Kari
Agents
  • OY HEINÄNEN AB
Priority Data
86145704.04.1986FI
Publication Language English (en)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) METHOD AND EXTRUDER HEAD FOR MANUFACTURING EXTRUSION PRODUCTS FROM MELTED PLASTIC
(FR) PROCEDE ET TETE D'EXTRUDEUSE POUR FABRIQUER DES PRODUITS D'EXTRUSION A PARTIR DE PLASTIQUE FONDU
Abstract
(EN) Extrusion products such as cables, pipes, blown films etc. consisting of several material layers are generally manufactured using multilayer nozzles in which the masses are divided into several flow components, which are then merged again to produce a tubular structure. The problem with this method is that seams and stripes tend to appear where the flow components were merged. In the extrusion method of the invention, the flowing masses are homogenized by means of rotors revolving between plates placed on top of each other, the plastic masses being introduced into the rotor spaces from the rotor peripheries and passed to the circular inner edges of the rotors, from where they proceed in a tubular flow into the nozzles. The materials used in the manufacturing process, such as plastics, colours, foaming agents, gases, vulcanizing agents and other chemicals, are applied to the rotor peripheries and mixed by the rotation of the rotors, the result being a homogenous mixture and a tubular product of uniform quality.
(FR) Des produits d'extrusion, tels que des câbles, des conduites, des films soufflés etc. constitués de plusieurs couches d'un matériau sont généralement fabriqués en utilisant des ajutages à plusieurs couches, dans lesquels les masses du matériau sont divisées en plusieurs composantes d'écoulement, lesquelles sont ensuite à nouveau fondues, afin de produire une structure tubulaire. L'inconvénient de ce procédé est que des saillies inutiles et des rayures risquent d'apparaître à l'endroit de fusion des composantes d'écoulement. Dans le procédé d'extrusion de la présente invention, les masses en écoulement sont homogénisées par des rotors tournant entre des plaques placées les unes sur les autres, les masses de plastique étant introduites dans les espaces des rotors à partir des périphéries des rotors puis acheminées vers les bords internes circulaires des rotors d'où elles se dirigent ensuite en un écoulement tubulaire dans les ajutages. Les matériaux utilisés dans ledit procédé de fabrication, tels que des plastiques, des colorants, des générateurs de mousse, des gaz, des agents de vulcanisation et d'autres substances chimiques, sont appliqués aux périphéries des rotors et mélangés par la rotation des rotors, le résultat étant un mélange homogène et un produit tubulaire de qualité uniforme.
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