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1. (WO1980000045) METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING AND UTILIZING A COMPOUND PLASMA CONFIGURATION
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Claims

1. A method of producing a compound plasma configuration comprising the steps of:
producing a powerful current stroke with a section of a gener ally helical configuration;
inducing said section of said current stroke to form a closed region, thereby forming a generally toroidal closed plasmoid.

2. A method of producing a plasma configuration in a medium comprising the steps of:
producing a powerful current stroke having an electromotive force in said medium,
utilizing said electromotive force of said current stroke to induce currents forming a conducting sheath at an interface of said current stroke and said surrounding medium;
terminating said current stroke so as to allow closure of said induced currents, thereby forming a closed plasmoid embedded within said medium.

3. A method as in Claim 2, wherein said step of producing includes the step of:
creating a low pressure channel bordered by a layer of ioniz ed particles in said medium.

4. A method as in Claim 1 further comprising the steps of:
utilizing the electromotive force of said current stroke to induce currents forming a conducting sheath at the interface of said current stroke and said fluid medium surrounding said current stroke;
utilizing existing pressures and forces between said current stroke and said sheath to substantially displace said medium and said sheath away from a channel formed by said current stroke, leaving an evacuated magnetic field region in its place;
terminating said current stroke so as to allow portions of said sheath associated with said helical channel section to transform into a mantle by substantially enclosing said evacuated magnetic field region surrounding said forming closed
plasmoid and thereby forming said compound plasma configuration.

5. A method as in Claim 2 further comprising the step of:
reducing the density of any matter portion of said medium
surrounding said closed plasmoid thereby leaving said plasmoid surrounded by its external fields and a partial vacuum.

6. A method of forming a compound plasma configuration compris ing the steps of:
positioning a toroidal plasmoid having external magnetic
fields within an evacuated region;
increasing the magnetic energy of said plasmoid; and
forming a conducting mantle around said external magnetic
fields of said plasmoid thereby forming a compound plasma
configuration.

7. A method as in Claims 1 or 2 further comprising the step of:
controlling the geometry and applied power.of said current
stroke to maximize the available energy thereof which is
pumped into said plasmoid in the form of magnetic energy.

8. A method as in Claim 1 further comprising the step of:
selecting said medium from-the group consisting of vaporized or plasmatized solid or liquid state matter formed of light fusionable nuclear material, a gas, an ionized gas, a plasma of light fusionable material, a mixture of states of matter of light fusionable nuclei such as a solid filament or pow
derof Boron dispersed, in Protium gas.

9. A method as in Claim 6, further comprising the step of:
forming at least portions of said mantle of light fusionable nuclear material.

10. A method as in Claim 4 or 6, further comprising the step of surrounding said mantle with a deformable medium.

11. A method as in Claim 4 or 2, 5 and 6, further comprising the steps of:
forming said toroidal plasmoid and said mantle of light fusion able nuclear material, said step of forming including the steps of
utilizing a fuel with a high reaction power density in said toroidal plasmoid; and,
utilizing a fuel of a low ignition point in said mantle.

12. A method as in Claim 11, further comprising the step of:
selecting as said fuel of said mantle a fuel which reacts exothermically with neutrons and other emissions from said toroidal plasmoid.

13. A method as in Claims 1 or 2 wherein said step of producing includes the step of:
utilizing a plurality of current strokes.

14. A method as in Claims 1 or 2 further comprising the step of: inducing vorticity in said current stroke to produce currents of generally helical transform within said toroidal plasmoid.

15. A method as in Claims 1 or 2 wherein said step of producing includes the step of:
utilizing at least one technique of generating energized particles selected from the group consisting of producing a powerful high voltage pulse, producing a powerful EMF wave front, injecting powerful charged particle beam current pulses, forming charged particle waves and injecting powerful pulses of ionizing energy.

16. A method of compressing a compound plasma configuration in a manner which gives pressure leverage from the outer magnetic matter or mantle boundary to the inner plasmoid or kernel plasma boundary comprising the steps of:
placing and containing a compound plasma in a compression apparatus; and,
increasing the pressure within said compression apparatus so as to effect three dimensional compression of said compound plasma.

17. A method as in Claim 16, further comprising the step of:
protecting the walls of said compression apparatus from radiation and chemical, electromagnetic and particle bombardments by injecting an energy absorbing medium between the walls of said compression apparatus and said compound plasma; and circulating a cooling medium within or over said walls.

181 A method as in Claim 16 further comprising the step of:
increasing the temperature or pressure within said compression apparatus using nuclear fusion energy.

19. An apparatus for generating a plasma configuration comprising: a vessel containing an atmosphere,
means for producing a powerful current stroke through said atmosphere; and
means for inducing a section of said current stroke to form or induce a closed current region thereby forming a toroidal plasmoid.

20. Apparatus for generating and utilizing a compound plasmoid, comprising:
a forming chamber,
power supply means coupled to said chamber for producing a powerful current stroke therein; and,
means associated with said chamber for inducing at least a portion of said current stroke to follow a generally hel ical path in said atmosphere.

21 . An apparatus as in Claim 20, further comprising: vertical field producing means associated with said chamber for producing a vertical field within said chamber.

22. An apparatus as in Claim 20, further comprising:
charge source means associated with said chamber for inject ing a quantity of charge into said chamber.

23. An apparatus as in Claim 20, where said means for inducing includes:
flash source means associated with said chamber for forming a helical path of reduced breakdown resistance.

24. An apparatus as in Claim 20 or 19b, further comprising:
detachable high pressure chamber means adapted to be coupled to said forming chamber for receiving compound plasmoids generated in said forming chamber.

25. An apparatus as in Claim 24, further comprising:
coolant bath means surrounding said detachable high pressure chamber means.

26. An apparatus as in Claim 20 or 19b, further comprising:
a plurality of compression chamber means coupled to said forming chamber for receiving compound plasmoids formed in said forming chamber.

27. An apparatus as in Claim 26, further comprising:
compound plasmoid movement means coupled to said forming chamber for moving formed plasmoids into said compression chamber means.

28. An apparatus as in Claim 26, further comprising:
closure means for isolating said forming chamber from said compression chambers.

29. An apparatus as in Claim 28, further comprising: energy transfer means coupled to said compression chamber means.

30. A plasma jet comprising:
compression chamber means for receiving a formed compound plas moid;
means coupled to said compression chamber means for providing a selectable aperture therein, whereby energetic particles from said compound plasmoid can escape at a controlled rate.

31. A nuclear fusion reactor comprising:
a pressure vessel,
a fuel source of fusionable nuclei within said vessel, means coupled to said vessel for generating a powerful current stroke in said fuel,
means associated with said vessel for inducing at least a por tion of said current stroke to follow a generally helical path, whereby a stable, compound plasmoid is formed; and, means for non-magnetically compressing said compound plasmoid until said plasmoid reaches the density and pressure required for fusion.

32. A method of producing artificial petroleum products comprising the steps of:
producing a PLASMAK within a vessel,
injecting a hydrocarbon feedstock at high pressure into said vessel; and
converting said feedstock into at least one synthetic petro fuel through the action of pressure, and particle radiation.

AMENDED CLAIMS
(received by the International Bureau on 5 November 1979 (05.11.79))

1. A method of producing a compound plasma configuration comprising the steps of:
producing a powerful current stroke with a section of a gen erally helical configuration;
inducing said section of said current stroke to form a closed region, thereby forming a generally toroidal closed plasmoid; and
controlling the geometry and applied power of said current stroke to maximize the available energy thereof which is
pumped into said plasmoid in the form of magnetic energy .

2. A method as in Claim 1 further comprising the step of:
selecting said medium from the group consisting of vaporized or. plasmatized solid or liquid state matter formed of light fusionable nuclear material, a gas , an ionized gas , a plasma of light fusionable material, a mixture of states of matter of light fusionable nuclei such as a solid filament or powder of Boron dispersed in Protium gas.

3. A method as in Claim 1, further comprising the steps of:
forming said toroidal plasmoid and said mantle of light fusionable nuclear material, said step of forming including the steps of:
utilizing a fuel with a high reaction power density in said toroidal plasmoid; and,
utilizing a fuel of a low ignition point in said mantle.

4. A method as in Claim 3 , further including the step of:
selecting as said fuel of said mantle a fuel which reacts
exothermically with neutrons and other emissions from said toroidal plasmoid .

5. A method as in Claim 1 wherein said step of producing includes the step of:
utilizing a plurality of current strokes .

6. A method as in Claim 1 further comprising the step of:
inducing vorticity in said current stroke to produce currents of
generally helical transform within said toroidal plasmoid.

7. A method as in Claim 1 wherein said step of producing includes
the step of:
utilizing at least one technique of generating energized particles
selected from the group consisting of producing a powerful high
voltage pulse , producing a powerful EMF wavefront, injecting
powerful charged particle beam current pulses, forming charged
particle waves and injecting powerful pulses of ionizing energy.

8. A method of compressing a compound plasma configuration in a
manner which gives pressure leverage from the outer magnetic
matter or mantle boundary to the inner plasmoid or kernel plasma boundary comprising the steps of:
placing and containing a compound plasma in a compression apparatus;
. increasing the pressure within said compression apparatus so
as to effect three dimensional compression of said compound
plasma;
protecting the walls of said compression apparatus from radiation and chemical, electromagnetic and particle bombardments
by injecting an energy, absorbing medium between the walls of
said compression apparatus and said compound plasma; and
circulating a cooling medium within or over said walls.

9. A method as in Claim 8 further comprising the step of:
increasing the temperature or pressure within said com
apparatus using nuclear fusion energy .

10. Apparatus for generating and utilizing a compound plasmoid , comprising:
a forming chamber ,
power supply means coupled to said chamber for producing a powerful current stroke therein; and ,
means associated with said chamber for inducing at least a
portion of said current stroke to follow a generally helical path in said atmosphere .

11. An apparatus as in Claim 10 , further comprising:
vertical field producing means associated with said chamber for producing a vertical field within said chamber.

12. An apparatus as in Claim 10 , further comprising:
charge source means associated with said chamber for injecting a quantity of charge into said chamber .

13. An apparatus as in Claim 10 , where said means for inducing includes:
flash source means associated with said chamber for forming a helical path of reduced breakdown resistance.

14. An apparatus as in Claim 10 , further comprising:
detachable high pressure chamber means adapted to be coupled to said forming chamber for receiving compound plasmoids
generated in said forming chamber .

15. An apparatus as in Claim 14 , further comprising:
coolant bath means surrounding said detachable high pressure chamber means.

16. An apparatus as in Claim 10 , further comprising: a plurality of compression chamber means coupled to said
forming chamber for receiving compound plasmoids formed in
said forming chamber .

17. An apparatus as in Claim 16 , further comprising:
compound plasmoid movement means coupled to said forming
chamber for moving formed plasmoids into said compression
chamber means .

18. An apparatus as in Claim 16 , further comprising:
closure means for isolating said forming chamber from said
compression chambers .

19. An apparatus as in Claim 18 , further comprising:
energy transfer means coupled to said compression chamber
means .

20. A plasma jet comprising:
compression chamber means for receiving a formed compound plasmoid;
means coupled to said compression chamber means for providing a selectable aperture therein , whereby energetic particles
from said compound plasmoid can escape at a controlled rate.

21. A nuclear fusion reactor comprising:
a pressure vessel,
a fuel source of fusionable nuclei within. said vessel,
means coupled to said vessel for generating a powerful current stroke in said fuel,
means associated with said vessel for inducing at least a portion of said current stroke to follow a generally helical path, whereby a stable , compound plasmoid is formed; and
means for non-magnetically compressing said compound plasmoid until said plasmoid reaches the density and pressure required for fusion.

22. A method of producing artificial petroleum products comprising the steps of:
producing a PLASMAK within a vessel,
injecting a hydrocarbon feedstock at high pressure into said vessel; and
converting said feedstock into at least one synthetic petrofuel through the action of pressure, and particle radiation .