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1. WO1979000079 - BLANK FOR PIPE MANUFACTURE

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters
Blank for pipe manufacture

This invention relates to a blank for pipe manufacture and has the object of producing a pipe blank adapted for continuous pipe manufact-' ╬╝re in connection with immediate laying of the pipe, for example in the sea on great depth.
It has been tried since a long time ago to sink welded sheet metal pipes of substantial length and diameter (500 m and, respectively,

2 m) in order to reach cold deep water . These efforts, however, have proved to involve enormous difficulties with respect to the manufacture proper of pipes of such length on land, to towing the pipes and sinking them into the sea, and to attaching the pipes to a movable pontoon. When pipes of such length and weight by water currents are forced to move in vertical direction, very high stres ses arise in the attachments. These difficulties are eliminated by manufacturing a pipe blank according to the invention and by manufacturing pipes of said pipe blank in the place where the pipe is planned to be laid.
A pipe blank according to the invention is designed so that it is pos sible in immediately consecutive steps to extrude the pipe blank, to roll the pipe blank to a pipe with a diameter within a wide diameter range, to attach adjacent turns comprised in the pipe to each other and to lay the pipe thus manufactured into position in lakes, the sea or in earth on land.
The characterizing features of a pipe blank according to the invention become apparent from the attached claims . The invention is described in greater detail in the following, with reference to the accompanying drawing, which is a schematic section through a pipe blank according to the invention.
The pipe blank shown in the drawing consists of a first lateral edge 11 , a second lateral edge 12, a central portion 13 located between said two lateral edges, a first plane wall portion 14 jointing said first lateral edge 11 and said central portion 13, and a second plane wall portion 15 jointing said second lateral edge 12 and said central portion 13. The lateral edge 11 is formed with a trapezoid outward bulge 16, and the lateral edge 12 is formed with an inward bulge 17 corresponding to the outward bulge 16. The pipe blank is intended to be wound helically so that a joint is formed between adjacent turns in the helically wound pipe thereby, that the outward bulge 16 in a turn is fitted into the inward bulge 17 in an adjacent turn. Said central portion 13 has an outward bulge of such configuration, that the
.surface 18 enclosing the bulge is substantially greater than the surface 21 between the two adjacent edges 19, 20 on the blank, which edges constitute the places of attachment of the bulge. The surface 18 enclosing the bulge further includes distances, for example, the distance 22, approximately in parallel with the transverse direction of the wall blank, which distances are substantially longer than the distance 23 between the adjacent edges 19, 20 on the blank.
The blank shown in the drawing by way of example has an outward bulge in the central portion 13 of substantially circular shape. Said bulge will be located on the outside of the completed pipe. Said bulge has the twofold object of providing the pipe with an elastic "bellows" function in order to reduce the stres ses arising by the effect of wave movements on the pontoon, to which the pipe is attached, and of rendering the pipe more rigid against compression. The detail design of the bulge depends on the strength properties of the pipe material and on the "bellows" function, which the pipe can be imagined to suitably carry out in individual cases. The inside of the pipe is desired to be as smooth as possible in order to permit the highest possible degree of laminar flow through the pipe. In the embodiment shown in the drawing the ratio between the surface 18 enclosed by the bulge and the surface 21 between the edges 19, 20 is about 50 :1. The ratio between the longest distance -within the bulge in parallel with the transverse direction of the wall blank, i. e . the diameter, and the shortest distance 23 between the adjacent edges 19, 20 is about 15 :1.

As material in the blank polythene plastics, for example, can be chosen. A pipe made only of polythene plastics is lighter than water, and therefore the plastic material for pipes to be laid on great depth in the sea preferably should be admixed with some kind of filler material, for example soot, graphite, talc or the like, in order to suitably adjust the weight of the completed pipe to the weight of the ambient water. A suitable material composition may be about 7 parts of polythene and 1 part of graphite, yielding a mass having substantially the same density as sea water.

OM As appears from the drawing, the bulge 16 is formed with a cavity 24, and the lateral edge 12 is provided with two horns 25, 26 in immediate connection to the inward bulge 17. By means of special members, for example rollers, on the machine, which forms the blank to a pipe, it is easy to somewhat compres s the outward bulge 16 and to cause the horns 25, 26 to slightly approach each other during the moment when a new turn in the pipe is to be attached to the nearest adjacent turn in the pipe. The horns 25, 26 like the bulge of the central portion 13 also have a stiffening effect and counteract compres sion of the pipe.
When forming the pipe, the surface 27 of the lateral edge 11 , which surface is located on the same side as the outward bulge 16, is welded to the surface 28 of the lateral edge 12, which surface is located on the same side as the inward bulge 17, and the surface 29 of the lateral edge 11 , which surface is located closer to the central portion 13 than the surface 27, is welded to the surface 30 of the lateral edge 12, which surface is located farther away from the central portion 13 than the surface 28. The completed pipe, thus, shows continuous welding joints on both sides of the continuous place of attachment 16-17.

OMPI
A