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1. US20140147956 - Method for manufacturing solar cells, attenuating lid phenomena

Office United States of America
Application Number 13882975
Application Date 28.10.2011
Publication Number 20140147956
Publication Date 29.05.2014
Grant Number 09412896
Grant Date 09.08.2016
Publication Kind B2
IPC
H01L 21/00
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
21Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
H01L 31/18
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
31Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength, or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
18Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
H01L 21/322
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
21Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
04the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
18the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
30Treatment of semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in groups H01L21/20-H01L21/26142
322to modify their internal properties, e.g. to produce internal imperfections
CPC
H01L 21/3221
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
21Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
04the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer or carrier concentration layer
18the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of Group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
30Treatment of semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in groups H01L21/20 - H01L21/26
322to modify their internal properties, e.g. to produce internal imperfections
3221of silicon bodies, e.g. for gettering
H01L 31/1804
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
31Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
18Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
1804comprising only elements of Group IV of the Periodic System
H01L 31/186
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
31Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
18Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
186Particular post-treatment for the devices, e.g. annealing, impurity gettering, short-circuit elimination, recrystallisation
Y02E 10/50
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
10Energy generation through renewable energy sources
50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
Y02P 70/521
H01L 31/1864
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
31Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
18Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
186Particular post-treatment for the devices, e.g. annealing, impurity gettering, short-circuit elimination, recrystallisation
1864Annealing
Applicants Pascal Pochet
Commissariat A L'Energie Atomique et aux Alternatives
S├ębastien Dubois
Inventors Pascal Pochet
S├ębastien Dubois
Agents Baker & Hostetler LLP
Priority Data 1058997 02.11.2010 FR
Title
(EN) Method for manufacturing solar cells, attenuating lid phenomena
Abstract
(EN)

To reduce degradation, by the LID effect, of the conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells made of crystalline silicon, one or more steps of controlled introduction of voids into the silicon are carried out by one or more steps chosen from among: siliciding, nitriding, ion implantation, laser irradiation, mechanical bending stress applied on one face of the silicon substrate, in combination with a temperature promoting the formation of voids in the substrate. These voids make it possible to reduce the level of interstitial oxygen by an effect of diffusion of VO complexes and precipitation of oxygen. The introduction of voids has the other effect of reducing the level of autointerstitials, and therefore of limiting the formation of interstitial boron. The phenomena of LID by activation of BiOi2 complexes are thus limited. This applies notably to photovoltaic cells based on monocrystalline or polycrystalline silicon having a high concentration of boron and oxygen.