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1. US20130225822 - Chiral spiro-pyridylamidophosphine ligand compound, synthesis method therefor and application thereof

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Claims

1. Chiral spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound having the structure of Formula (I), or a racemate or optical isomer thereof, or a catalytically acceptable salt thereof,

(MOL) (CDX)
wherein, R 1 is C 1-C 8 chain hydrocarbyl or saturated cyclic hydrocarbyl or cycloalkenyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, 2-naphthyl, heteroaryl, furyl or thienyl, and the substituent on said substituted phenyl is halogen, C 1-C 8 hydrocarbyl or alkoxy, with a substituent amount of 1-5, and said heteroaryl is pyridyl;
R 2, R 3, R 4 and R 5 are H, C 1-C 8 alkyl or alkoxy, phenyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, 2-naphthyl, heteroaryl, furyl or thienyl, and the substituent on said substituted phenyl is C 1-C 8 alkyl or alkoxy, with a substituent amount of 1-5, and said heteroaryl is pyridyl; or R 2 and R 3, R 4 and R 5 are incorporated into C 3-C 7 aliphatic ring or aromatic ring, respectively; R 2, R 3, R 4 and R 5 can be the same or different;
R 6, R 7 are H, C 1-C 8 alkyl, C 1-C 8 alkoxy, C 1-C 8 aliphatic amido group, and n=0-3; or when n≧2, two adjacent R 6 groups or two adjacent R 7 groups can be incorporated into C 3-C 7 aliphatic ring or aromatic ring, and R 6, R 7 can be the same or different;
R 8, R 9 are H, halogen, C 1-C 8 alkyl, C 1-C 8 alkoxy, phenyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, 2-naphthyl, heteroaryl, furyl or thienyl, and the substituent on said substituted phenyl is halogen, C 1-C 8 alkyl or alkoxy, with a substituent amount of 1-5, and said heteroaryl is pyridyl, and m=0-3; or when m≧2, adjacent R 9 or R 8 and R 9 groups can be incorporated into C 3-C 7 aliphatic ring or aromatic ring, and R 8, R 9 can be the same or different;
R 10 is H, C 1-C 8 alkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, 2-naphthyl, heteroaryl, furyl or thienyl, and the substituent on said substituted phenyl is C 1-C 8 hydrocarbyl or alkoxy, with a substituent amount of 1-5, and said heteroaryl is pyridyl.
2. The chiral spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound according to claim 1, or the racemate or optical isomer thereof, or the catalytically acceptable salt thereof, which is characterized by that in the structural formula of said compound, R 2, R 3, R 4, R 5, R 6, R 7, R 8, R 10 are H simultaneously, and R 1 is phenyl or substituted phenyl, and the substituent on said substituted phenyl is halogen, C 1-C 8 alkyl or alkoxy, with a substituent amount of 1-5; R 9 is H, halogen, C 1-C 8 alkyl, C 1-C 8 alkoxy, phenyl, substituted phenyl, 1-naphthyl, 2-naphthyl, heteroaryl, furyl or thienyl, and the substituent on said substituted phenyl is halogen, C 1-C 8 hydrocarbyl or alkoxy, with a substituent amount of 1-5, and said heteroaryl is pyridyl, and m=0-3; or when m≧2, adjacent R 9 groups can be incorporated into C 3-C 7 aliphatic ring or aromatic ring.
3. The chiral spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound according to claim 1, or the racemate or optical isomer thereof, or the catalytically acceptable salt thereof, which is characterized by that the structural formulae of said compounds are as follows:
4. A method for synthesizing the chiral spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound according to claim 1, which is characterized by that, preparation is performed via the following reactions using the racemically or optically active compound of Formula (II) as the starting material:

(MOL) (CDX)
wherein, R 1-R 10 and values of n and m are defined as claim 1.
5. The synthesis method according to claim 4, which is characterized by the following steps:
Step 1:
racemically or optically active compound having the structure of Formula (II) is reacted with substituted pyridylaldehyde or pyridone in a reactor for 2-24 hours in the presence of organic solvent and reducing agent to obtain spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound I with one hydrogen atom contained on corresponding nitrogen atom (R 10=H); the molar ratio among said racemically or optically active compound of Formula (II), pyridylaldehyde or pyridone, and reducing agent is in the range of 1:1˜5:1˜10; and the reaction temperature is 0-120° C.; or
racemically or optically active compound having the structure of Formula (II) is initially reacted with pyridine formyl chloride in a reactor in the presence of organic solvent and alkali to obtain a corresponding acylated compound, which is then reduced by a reducing agent to obtain the spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound I with one hydrogen atom contained on corresponding nitrogen atom (R 10=H); wherein in the acylation reaction, the molar ratio among said racemically or optically active compound of Formula (II), pyridine formyl chloride and the alkali is in the range of 1:1˜5:1˜10, and the reaction temperature is 0˜100° C.; wherein in the reduction reaction, the molar ratio of the acylated compound to the reducing agent is in the range of 1:1˜10 and the reaction temperature is from −20 to 100° C.; or
racemically or optically active compound having the structure of Formula (II) is initially reacted with pyridine formic acid via acylation reaction in a reactor in the presence of organic solvent, alkali and carboxyl-activating reagent to obtain a corresponding acylated compound, which is then reduced by a reducing agent to obtain the spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound I with one hydrogen atom contained on corresponding nitrogen atom (R 10=H); wherein in the acylation reaction, the molar ratio among said racemically or optically active compound of Formula (II), pyridine formic acid and the activating reagent is in the range of 1:1˜5:1˜10, and the reaction temperature is from −30 to 100° C.; wherein in the reduction reaction, the molar ratio of the resulting acylated compound to the reducing agent is in the range of 1:1˜10, and the reaction temperature is from −20 to 100° C.;
step 2:
according to the method or procedure in step 1, the spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound I with no hydrogen atom attached to the nitrogen atom (R 10≈H) is synthesized by replacing the pyridylaldehyde, pyridine formyl chloride, pyridine formic acid described above with fatty aldehyde or aromatic aldehyde, acyl chloride, carboxylic acid, respectively, and using the synthesized compound I (R 10=H) as the starting material,
in the above synthesis method, the molecular formula of said substituted pyridylaldehyde, pyridone, pyridine formyl chloride, pyridine formic acid and the fatty aldehyde or the aromatic aldehyde, acyl chloride, carboxylic acid are defined by R 8˜R 10 and the values of m according to claim 1.
6. The synthesis method according to claim 5, which is characterized by that, said organic solvent may be any one of methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, butanol, tetrahydrofuran, toluene, xylene, methyl tert-butyl ether, diethyl ether, dioxane, N,N-dimethyl formamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, or any mixture thereof.
7. The synthesis method according to claim 5, which is characterized by that, said reducing agent may be lithium aluminium hydride, sodium borohydride, sodium triacetyl borohydride or sodium cyanoborohydride.
8. The synthesis method according to claim 5, which is characterized by that, said alkali is an organic base or an inorganic base, wherein said organic base may be pyridine, triethylamine, tributyl amine, N-methylmorpholine or N,N-diethyl isopropyl amine; said inorganic base may be sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium carbonate or potassium carbonate; and said carboxyl-activating reagent is ethyl chloroformate, isopropyl chloroformate, N,N′-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide or carbonyl diimidazole.
9. A chiral catalyst,
which was obtained by the complexation reaction of the chiral spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound according to claim 1 and iridium catalyst precursor in the organic solvent; followed by 0.1-3 hours of reaction stirred under the hydrogen atmosphere at the pressure of 0.1-10 Mpa; or
which was obtained by desolventization of the reaction solution after the complexation reaction to obtain the complex, which is then redissolved in the organic solvent, stirred under the hydrogen atmosphere at the pressure of 0.1-10 Mpa for 0.1-3 hours.
10. The chiral catalyst according to claim 9, which is characterized by that, said iridium catalyst precursor is [Ir(cod)]Cl 2 (cod=cyclooctadiene), [Ir(cod) 2]BF 4, [Ir(cod) 2]PF 6, [Ir(cod) 2]SbF 6 or [Ir(cod) 2]OTf.
11. The chiral catalyst according to claim 9, which is characterized by that, the organic solvent is one of methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, butanol, tetrahydrofuran, toluene, methyl tert-butyl ether, dioxane, DMF, DMSO, or any mixture thereof.
12. A method for preparing a chiral alcohol compound, which is characterized by that, in the organic solvent, a carbonyl compound and an alkali are added into a reaction solution comprising the chiral catalyst according to claim 9, and are reacted by stirring under the hydrogen atmosphere at the pressure of 0.1-10 Mpa for 0.1-24 hours to obtain the chiral alcohol compound.
13. The method according to claim 12, which is characterized by that, said carbonyl compound is aryl alkyl ketone, ketene or keto ester.
14. The method according to claim 12, which is characterized by that, the organic solvent is any one of methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, butanol, tetrahydrofuran, toluene, methyl tert-butyl ether, dioxane, DMF, DMSO, or any mixture thereof.
15. The method according to claim 12, which is characterized by that, said alkali is sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium ethoxide, potassium ethoxide, sodium tert-butoxide, potassium tert-butoxide, lithium tert-butoxide, triethyl amine, tributyl amine or N-methyl morpholine.
16. A method for preparing a chiral alcohol compound, which is characterized by the following steps:
1) hydrogenated chiral catalyst was obtained by the initial 0.5-4 hours of complexation reaction of the chiral spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound according to claim 1 and iridium catalyst precursor in an organic solvent at 25-120° C., followed by 0.1-3 hours of reaction stirred under the hydrogen atmosphere at the pressure of 0.1-10 Mpa; or
complexation reaction between chiral spiro-pyridylamidophosphine compound and iridium catalyst precursor is performed in an organic solvent for 0.5-4 hours, then desolventization is performed to obtain the corresponding complex, which is then subjected to reaction under stirring in the organic solvent under the hydrogen atmosphere at the pressure of 0.1-10 Mpa for 0.1-3 hours, to obtain the chiral catalyst;
2) in an organic solvent, the resulting reaction solution or solid mentioned above is reacted as catalyst with a carbonyl compound and an alkali added by stirring under the hydrogen atmosphere at the pressure of 0.1-10 Mpa for 0.1-24 hours to obtain the chiral alcohol compounds.
17. The method according to claim 16, which is characterized by that, said iridium catalyst precursor is [Ir(cod)]Cl 2 (cod=cyclooctadiene), [Ir(cod) 2]BF 4, [Ir(cod) 2]PF 6, [Ir(cod) 2]SbF 6 or [Ir(cod) 2]OTf.
18. The method according to claim 16, which is characterized by that, said carbonyl compound is aryl alkyl ketone, ketene or keto ester.
19. The method according to claim 16, which is characterized by that, said alkali is sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium ethoxide, potassium ethoxide, sodium tert-butoxide, potassium tert-butoxide, lithium tert-butoxide, triethyl amine, tributyl amine or N-methyl morpholine.
20. The method according to claim 16, which is characterized by that, the organic solvent as described in step 1) and 2) is any one of methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, butanol, tetrahydrofuran, toluene, methyl tert-butyl ether, dioxane, DMF, DMSO, or any mixture thereof.