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1. US20120105735 - Active matrix substrate, liquid crystal panel, liquid crystal display device, liquid crystal display unit, and television receiver

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[ EN ]

Claims

1. An active matrix substrate comprising pixel areas, wherein:
the pixel areas (i) each include two pixel electrodes connected to each other via a capacitor and (ii) are arranged in a row direction and a column direction, the column direction being a direction in which each data signal line extends,
two data signal lines are provided in such a way as to correspond to a column of pixel areas and two scanning signal lines are provided in such a way as to correspond to a row of pixel areas,
in respect to a pixel area that belongs to the column of pixel areas and to the row of pixel areas, a transistor connected to one of the two scanning signal lines is electrically connected to one of two pixel electrodes included in the pixel area, a transistor connected to the other one of the two scanning signal lines is electrically connected to the other one of the two pixel electrodes, and each of these transistors is electrically connected to an identical data signal line that is one of the two data signal lines,
one of the pixel areas includes:
a first capacitor electrode that is electrically connected to one of the two pixel electrodes included in the pixel area and that overlaps the other one of the two pixel electrodes via an inter-layer insulation film; and
a second capacitor electrode that overlaps said one of the two pixel electrodes via the inter-layer insulation film and that is electrically connected to said other one of the two pixel electrodes, and
each of the first and second capacitor electrodes overlaps a retention capacitor wire via a gate insulation film.
2. The active matrix substrate according to claim 1, wherein (i) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in one of two pixel areas adjacent to each other in the column direction and (ii) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in the other one of the two pixel areas are different data signal lines.
3. The active matrix substrate according to claim 1, wherein:
the two pixel electrodes are arranged in the column direction in each pixel area;
each pixel area includes the two pixel electrodes electrically connected to respective ones of two transistors included in the pixel areas;
in two of the pixel areas which are adjacent to each other in the row direction, a first one of the two transistors in a first one of the two adjacent pixel areas and a first one of the two transistors in a second one of the two adjacent pixel areas are connected to an identical scanning signal line; and
the first one of the two transistors in the first one of the two adjacent pixel areas and the first one of the two transistors in the second one of the two adjacent pixel areas are positioned to diagonally face each other.
4. The active matrix substrate according to claim 1, wherein two scanning signal lines that correspond to a row of pixel areas are arranged on both sides of the row or are arranged so as to overlap both edges of the row.
5. The active matrix substrate according to claim 1, wherein the first capacitor electrode electrically connected to said one of the two pixel electrodes included in the pixel area and the second capacitor electrode electrically connected to said other one of the two pixel electrodes are symmetrically arranged with respect to a point.
6. The active matrix substrate according to claim 1, wherein:
the inter-layer insulation film is constituted by an inorganic insulation film and an organic insulation film; and
at least part of each of areas of the organic insulation film, which areas overlap the respective first and second capacitor electrodes, is removed or is small in thickness.
7. A liquid crystal display device comprising an active matrix substrate recited in claim 1, wherein:
in a predetermined frame, (i) one of two scanning signal lines that correspond to one of two rows of pixel areas and (ii) one of two scanning signal lines that correspond to the other one of the two rows of pixel areas are selected simultaneously so that data signals are written simultaneously to the two rows of pixel areas; and
in a frame other than the predetermined frame, (a) the other one of the two scanning signal lines that correspond to said one of the two rows of pixel areas and (b) the other one of the two scanning signal lines that correspond to said other one of the two rows of pixel areas are selected simultaneously so that data signals are written simultaneously to the two rows of pixel areas.
8. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 7, wherein the two rows of pixel areas are adjacent to each other.
9. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 8, wherein (i) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in one of two pixel areas that are adjacent to each other in the column direction and (ii) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in the other one of the two pixel areas are different data signal lines, and are supplied with data signals having respective opposite polarities.
10. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 7, wherein (i) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in one of two pixel areas that are adjacent to each other in the row direction and (ii) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in the other one of the two pixel areas are supplied with data signals having respective opposite polarities.
11. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 7, wherein:
in an odd-numbered frame, (i) one of two scanning signal lines that correspond to one of two rows of pixel areas and (ii) one of two scanning signal lines that correspond to the other one of the two rows of pixel areas are selected simultaneously; and
in an even-numbered frame, (a) the other one of the two scanning signal lines that correspond to said one of the two rows of pixel areas and (b) the other one of the two scanning signal lines that correspond to said other one of the two rows of pixel areas are selected simultaneously.
12. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 11, wherein a polarity of a data signal supplied to an identical data signal line is reversed for every two frames.
13. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 7, wherein:
in each of first two successive frames, (i) one of two scanning signal lines that correspond to one of two rows of pixel areas and (ii) one of two scanning signal lines that correspond to the other one of the two rows of pixel areas are selected simultaneously; and
in each of second two successive frames subsequent to the first two successive frames, (a) the other one of the two scanning signal lines that correspond to said one of the two rows of pixel areas and (b) the other one of the two scanning signal lines that correspond to said other one of the two rows of pixel areas are selected simultaneously.
14. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 13, wherein a polarity of a data signal supplied to an identical data signal line is reversed for every one frame.
15. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 7, wherein:
each horizontal scanning period includes a pre-charge period during which a certain electric potential is supplied to each data signal line; and
during a pre-charge period during simultaneous selection, scanning signal lines, out of four scanning signal lines that correspond to the two rows of pixel areas, that are not being selected simultaneously are each turned ON and OFF.
16. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 7, wherein:
each horizontal scanning period includes a pre-charge period during which a certain electric potential is supplied to each data signal line; and
during a pre-charge period that comes before simultaneous selection, four scanning signal lines that correspond to the two rows of pixel areas are each turned ON and OFF in synchronization with one another.
17. A liquid crystal display device comprising an active matrix substrate recited in claim 1, wherein:
(i) one of two scanning signal lines that correspond to one of two rows of pixel areas and (ii) one of two scanning signal lines that correspond to the other one of the two rows of pixel areas are selected simultaneously so that data signals are written simultaneously to the two rows of pixel areas.
18. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 17, wherein the two rows of pixel areas are adjacent to each other.
19. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 18, wherein (i) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in one of two pixel areas that are adjacent to each other in the column direction and (ii) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in the other one of the two pixel areas are different data signal lines, and are supplied with data signals having respective opposite polarities.
20. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 17, wherein (i) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in one of two pixel areas that are adjacent to each other in the row direction and (ii) a data signal line connected via a transistor to each of pixel electrodes included in the other one of the two pixel areas are supplied with data signals having respective opposite polarities.
21. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 17, wherein:
each horizontal scanning period includes a pre-charge period during which a certain electric potential is supplied to each data signal line; and
during a pre-charge period during simultaneous selection, scanning signal lines, out of four scanning signal lines that correspond to the two rows of pixel areas, that are not being selected simultaneously are each turned ON and OFF.
22. The liquid crystal display device according to claim 17, wherein:
each horizontal scanning period includes a pre-charge period during which a certain electric potential is supplied to each data signal line; and
during a pre-charge period that comes before simultaneous selection, four scanning signal lines that correspond to the two rows of pixel areas are each turned ON and OFF in synchronization with one another.
23. A liquid crystal panel comprising an active matrix substrate recited in claim 1.
24. A liquid crystal display unit comprising:
a liquid crystal panel recited in claim 23; and
a driver.
25. A liquid crystal display device comprising:
a liquid crystal display unit recited in claim 24; and
a light source device.
26. A television receiver comprising:
a liquid crystal display device recited in claim 25; and
a tuner section for receiving television broadcasting.