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1. US20120100447 - Method for operating a high-temperature fuel cell

Office United States of America
Application Number 13375371
Application Date 15.07.2010
Publication Number 20120100447
Publication Date 26.04.2012
Grant Number 09040207
Grant Date 26.05.2015
Publication Kind B2
IPC
H01M 2/38
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
2Constructional details, or processes of manufacture, of the non-active parts
38Arrangements for moving electrolytes
H01M 2/40
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
2Constructional details, or processes of manufacture, of the non-active parts
38Arrangements for moving electrolytes
40with external circulating path
H01M 8/24
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
24Grouping of fuel cells, e.g. stacking of fuel cells
H01M 8/04
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
H01M 8/06
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
H01M 8/12
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
12operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
CPC
H01M 8/04097
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
04082Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration
04089of gaseous reactants
04097with recycling of the reactants
H01M 8/04111
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
04082Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration
04089of gaseous reactants
04111using a compressor turbine assembly
H01M 8/04231
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
04223during start-up or shut-down; Depolarisation or activation, e.g. purging; Means for short-circuiting defective fuel cells
04231Purging of the reactants
H01M 8/0618
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
0606with means for production of gaseous reactants
0612from carbon-containing material
0618Reforming processes, e.g. autothermal, partial oxidation or steam reforming
H01M 2008/1293
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
12operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
1293Fuel cells with solid oxide electrolytes
Y02E 60/50
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
60Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
30Hydrogen technology
50Fuel cells
Applicants Peter Prenninger
AVL LIST GMBH
Juergen Rechberger
Inventors Peter Prenninger
Juergen Rechberger
Agents Dykema Gossett PLLC
Priority Data A 1115/2009 16.07.2009 AT
Title
(EN) Method for operating a high-temperature fuel cell
Abstract
(EN)

In a method for operating a high-temperature fuel cell, which in normal mode of generating electrical power is supplied with liquid fuel, preferably diesel oil, and is preceded on the anode side by a reformer for liquid fuel, where at least part of the hot anode exhaust gas is recirculated into the anode circuit via a recirculation line. Upstream of a compressor preceding the reformer the liquid fuel is sprayed or injected into the hot anode exhaust gas, the quantity of air needed for reforming the liquid fuel being added to the mixture of anode exhaust gas and fuel. On change-over from normal operational mode to standby mode without power generation, the supply of liquid fuel and air is stopped and the gas mixture present in the anode circuit be permanently circulated. A defined amount of air being introduced into the anode circuit in order to remove deposits and contaminations in the high-temperature fuel cell following standby operation.