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1. US20110203972 - Process for removing sulphur from liquid hydrocarbons

Office United States of America
Application Number 12293767
Application Date 21.03.2007
Publication Number 20110203972
Publication Date 25.08.2011
Grant Number 08936719
Grant Date 20.01.2015
Publication Kind B2
IPC
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
G
CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
53
Treatment of hydrocarbon oils, in the absence of hydrogen, by two or more refining processes
02
plural serial stages only
04
including at least one extraction step
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
G
CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
53
Treatment of hydrocarbon oils, in the absence of hydrogen, by two or more refining processes
02
plural serial stages only
14
including at least one oxidation step
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
G
CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
21
Refining of hydrocarbon oils, in the absence of hydrogen, by extraction with selective solvents
06
characterised by the solvent used
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
G
CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
21
Refining of hydrocarbon oils, in the absence of hydrogen, by extraction with selective solvents
06
characterised by the solvent used
08
Inorganic compounds only
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
G
CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
27
Refining of hydrocarbon oils, in the absence of hydrogen, by oxidation
04
with oxygen or compounds generating oxygen
C10G 53/04
C10G 53/14
C10G 21/06
C10G 21/08
C10G 27/04
Applicants Gordon John Gargano
Ultraclean Fuel Pty Ltd.
Ruether Thomas
Agel Friederike Elisabeth
Bösmann Andreas
Inventors Gordon John Gargano
Ruether Thomas
Agel Friederike Elisabeth
Bösmann Andreas
Agents Thorpe North & Western LLP
Title
(EN) Process for removing sulphur from liquid hydrocarbons
Abstract
(EN)

A process for the deep desulfurisation of hydrocarbons (HC), in particular Natural Gas Condensate (NGC), and HC comprising diesel, pre-extracted diesel and naphtha, is described which is capable of reducing the sulfur content of these HC from 500 to 30 ppm. The process comprises contacting the hydrocarbon material with an oxidant selected from organic peroxy acids, organic peroxides, inorganic peroxides and mixtures thereof, in at least a stochiometric amount sufficient to oxidise a sulfur compound to a sulfone compound; contacting the hydrocarbon material with an aqueous extractant to allow at least a portion of the oxidised sulfur compounds to be extracted into the aqueous extractant, and separating the hydrocarbon material from the aqueous extractant to give a hydrocarbon material of reduced sulfur content. Optionally, the process may include a second and subsequent extractions with the aqueous extractant to further reduce sulfur content. A final extraction with an IL may be conducted. The invention also provides for substitution of the aqueous extractant with an IL in one or more of the other extraction steps. The extractants and by products generated during f01 oxidation can be recovered by simple distillation techniques.

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