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1. (US20090040589) Polymer 4,4'-bipyridinium structures, formulations for an electrochromic active layer, and application therefor

Office : United States of America
Application Number: 11988639 Application Date: 10.07.2006
Publication Number: 20090040589 Publication Date: 12.02.2009
Publication Kind : A1
Prior PCT appl.: Application Number:EP06064048 ; Publication Number: Click to see the data
IPC:
G02F 1/01
G02F 1/153
C08G 73/00
C08G 73/06
G PHYSICS
02
OPTICS
F
DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1
Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01
for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
G PHYSICS
02
OPTICS
F
DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1
Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01
for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
15
based on electrochromic elements
153
Constructional arrangements
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08
ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
G
MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
73
Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing nitrogen, with or without oxygen or carbon, not provided for in groups C08G12/-C08G71/238
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08
ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
G
MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
73
Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing nitrogen, with or without oxygen or carbon, not provided for in groups C08G12/-C08G71/238
06
Polycondensates having nitrogen-containing heterocyclic rings in the main chain of the macromolecule; Polyhydrazides; Polyamide acids or similar polyimide precursors
Applicants: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
Inventors: Kanitz Andreas
Roth Wolfgang
Agents: YOUNG &; THOMPSON
Priority Data: 102005032316 11.07.2005 DE
Title: (EN) Polymer 4,4'-bipyridinium structures, formulations for an electrochromic active layer, and application therefor
Abstract:
(EN)

The invention relates to material systems wherein electrochemical and/or photochemical parallel reactions are completely avoided by stabilising structural modifications, or repressed by orders of magnitude as a result of the structural modifications. The invention also relates to polymer 4,4′-bipyridinium structures, to formulations based on the structures and used for electrochromic active layers, and to the use of 4,4′-bipyridinium structures for producing organic electrochromic displays.


Also published as:
EP1907446JP2009500677CN101341190WO/2007/006767