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1. US20070284628 - Self aligned gate JFET structure and method

Office United States of America
Application Number 11450112
Application Date 09.06.2006
Publication Number 20070284628
Publication Date 13.12.2007
Grant Number 7560755
Grant Date 14.07.2009
Publication Kind B2
IPC
H01L 29/66
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
66Types of semiconductor device
H01L 29/80
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
66Types of semiconductor device
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified, or switched
76Unipolar devices
772Field-effect transistors
80with field effect produced by a PN or other rectifying junction gate
CPC
H01L 29/808
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
66Types of semiconductor device ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified or switched
76Unipolar devices ; , e.g. field effect transistors
772Field effect transistors
80with field effect produced by a PN or other rectifying junction gate ; , i.e. potential-jump barrier
808with a PN junction gate ; , e.g. PN homojunction gate
H01L 29/1066
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
06characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
10with semiconductor regions connected to an electrode not carrying current to be rectified, amplified or switched and such electrode being part of a semiconductor device which comprises three or more electrodes
1066Gate region of field-effect devices with PN junction gate
H01L 29/41775
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
40Electrodes ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
41characterised by their shape, relative sizes or dispositions
417carrying the current to be rectified, amplified or switched
41725Source or drain electrodes for field effect devices
41775characterised by the proximity or the relative position of the source or drain electrode and the gate electrode, e.g. the source or drain electrode separated from the gate electrode by side-walls or spreading around or above the gate electrode
H01L 29/66901
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
66Types of semiconductor device ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
66007Multistep manufacturing processes
66075of devices having semiconductor bodies comprising group 14 or group 13/15 materials
66227the devices being controllable only by the electric current supplied or the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified or switched, e.g. three-terminal devices
66409Unipolar field-effect transistors
66893with a PN junction gate, i.e. JFET
66901with a PN homojunction gate
Applicants DSM Solutions, Inc.
Inventors Kapoor Ashok Kumar
Agents Baker Botts L.L.P.
Title
(EN) Self aligned gate JFET structure and method
Abstract
(EN)

A JFET integrated onto a substrate having a semiconductor layer at least and having source and drain contacts over an active area and made of first polysilicon (or other conductors such as refractive metal or silicide) and a self-aligned gate contact made of second polysilicon which has been polished back to be flush with a top surface of a dielectric layer covering the tops of the source and drain contacts. The dielectric layer preferably has a nitride cap to act as a polish stop. In some embodiments, nitride covers the entire dielectric layer covering the source and drain contacts as well as the field oxide region defining an active area for said JFET. An embodiment with an epitaxially grown channel region formed on the surface of the substrate is also disclosed.