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1. US6336081 - Geomagnetic field direction measuring system

Office United States of America
Application Number 09355760
Application Date 08.10.1999
Publication Number 6336081
Publication Date 01.01.2002
Grant Number 6336081
Grant Date 01.01.2002
Publication Kind B1
IPC
G01C 21/20
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
20Instruments for performing navigational calculations
G01C 17/00
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
17Compasses; Devices for ascertaining true or magnetic north for navigation or surveying purposes
G01C 17/30
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
17Compasses; Devices for ascertaining true or magnetic north for navigation or surveying purposes
02Magnetic compasses
28Electromagnetic compasses
30Earth-inductor compasses
G01C 17/38
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
17Compasses; Devices for ascertaining true or magnetic north for navigation or surveying purposes
38Testing, calibrating, or compensating of compasses
G01C 21/28
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
28with correlation of data from several navigational instruments
G01R 33/022
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
33Arrangements or instruments for measuring magnetic variables
02Measuring direction or magnitude of magnetic fields or magnetic flux
022Measuring gradient
CPC
G01C 17/38
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
17Compasses; Devices for ascertaining true or magnetic north for navigation or surveying purposes
38Testing, calibrating, or compensating of compasses
G01C 17/30
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
17Compasses; Devices for ascertaining true or magnetic north for navigation or surveying purposes
02Magnetic compasses
28Electromagnetic compasses
30Earth-inductor compasses
G01C 21/28
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C19/00
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
28with correlation of data from several navigational instruments
G01R 33/022
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
33Arrangements or instruments for measuring magnetic variables
02Measuring direction or magnitude of magnetic fields or magnetic flux
022Measuring gradient
Applicants Leica Geosystems AG
Inventors Gnepf, Silvio
Ramseier, Ernst
Agents Foley & Lardner
Priority Data 19704956 10.02.1997 DE
Title
(EN) Geomagnetic field direction measuring system
Abstract
(EN)

An arrangement for measuring the direction of the geomagnetic field {right arrow over (B)}E, in the proximity of a magnetic jamming device with a magnetic field direction variable as a function of time, which is distinguished by the fact that at least two magnetic field measuring devices are provided, each of which measures all three vector components of the total magnetic field ({right arrow over (B)}1,{right arrow over (B)}2), the magnetic field measuring devices have a position, ({right arrow over (r)}0,{right arrow over (r)}1,{right arrow over (r)}2) which is invariable as a function of time and is fixed relative to one another and relative to the jamming device, and the measured values can be called up synchronously and can be evaluated according to {right arrow over (B)}E=({right arrow over (B)}1+{right arrow over (B)}2)/2+P·({right arrow over (B)}1−{right arrow over (B)}2), P({right arrow over (r)}0,{right arrow over (r)}1,{right arrow over (r)}2) describing the geometric position of the magnetic field measuring devices relative to one another and relative to the jamming device.