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1. (US20020135883) Microlens array, manufacturing method thereof and optical instrument
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Claims

1. A method for manufacturing a microlens array comprising the steps of:
providing a first light transmitting layer,
forming second light transmitting layers on the first light transmitting layer,
wherein the first light transmitting layer has a plurality of recessed parts and partitions for delimiting the recessed parts, at least a portion of an inner surface of each recessed part being a lens surface,
the second light transmitting layers are formed in the respective recessed parts such that the second light transmitting layers avoid the partitions of the first light transmitting layer, and
the second light transmitting layers are formed such that surfaces of the second light transmitting layers form lens surfaces for the respective recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein the first light transmitting layer is provided with light transmitting layer precursors thereon, and then the second light transmitting layers are formed, and
wherein the surfaces of the partitions of the first light transmitting layer comprise a material having a low affinity for the light transmitting layer precursors, and
each surface of the light transmitting layer precursors forms a raised surface for each recessed part by repulsion of the light transmitting layer precursors by the partitions.
2. A method for manufacturing a microlens array according to claim 1, wherein each of the light transmitting layer precursors is provided in each of the recessed parts by an ink jet process in such a manner that each light transmitting layer precursor protrudes from each recessed part.
3. A method for manufacturing a microlens array comprising the steps of:
providing a first light transmitting layer,
forming second light transmitting layers on the first light transmitting layer,
wherein the first light transmitting layer has a plurality of recessed parts and partitions for delimiting the recessed parts, at least a portion of an inner surface of each recessed part being a lens surface,
the second light transmitting layers are formed in the respective recessed parts such that the second light transmitting layers avoid the partitions of the first light transmitting layer, and
the second light transmitting layers are formed such that surfaces of the second light transmitting layers form lens surfaces for the respective recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein the first light transmitting layer is provided with light transmitting layer precursors thereon, and then the second light transmitting layers are formed, and
wherein the inner surface of each recessed part of the first light transmitting layer comprises a material having a low affinity for the light transmitting layer precursors, and
each surface of the light transmitting layer precursors forms a raised surface for each recessed part by repulsion of the light transmitting layer precursors by the recessed parts.
4. A method for manufacturing a microlens array according to claim 3, wherein each of the light transmitting layer precursors is provided in a gel state in each of the recessed parts and then is liquefied by applying energy.
5. A method for manufacturing a microlens array according to claim 4, wherein each of the light transmitting layer precursors is provided in a gel state in each of the recessed parts with a squeegee such that each light transmitting layer precursor does not surmount each partition.
6. A method for manufacturing a microlens array comprising the steps of:
providing a first light transmitting layer,
forming a plurality of laterally spaced apart second light transmitting layers on the first light transmitting layer,
wherein the first light transmitting layer has a plurality of recessed parts and partitions for delimiting the recessed parts, at least a portion of an inner surface of each recessed part being a lens surface,
each of the plurality of second light transmitting layers is formed in the respective recessed parts such that the second light transmitting layers avoid the partitions of the first light transmitting layer, and
the second light transmitting layers are formed such that surfaces of the second light transmitting layers opposite the portions of the inner surfaces of the recessed parts form lens surfaces for the respective recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein each recessed part of the first light transmitting layer has a bottom functioning as a convex lens surface and a wall extending from the bottom.
7. A method for manufacturing a microlens array comprising the steps of:
providing a first light transmitting layer,
forming second light transmitting layers on the first light transmitting layer,
wherein the first light transmitting layer has a plurality of recessed parts and partitions for delimiting the recessed parts, at least a portion of an inner surface of each recessed part being a lens surface,
the second light transmitting layers are formed in the respective recessed parts such that the second light transmitting layers avoid the partitions of the first light transmitting layer, and
the second light transmitting layers are formed such that surfaces of the second light transmitting layers form lens surfaces for the respective recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein the lens surface of the first light transmitting layer has a smaller width than a width of the lens surface of the second light transmitting layer.
8. A microlens array comprising:
a first light transmitting layer having a plurality of recessed parts and partitions delimiting the recessed parts, at least a portion of an inner surface of each recessed part being a lens surface; and
a plurality of laterally spaced apart second light transmitting layers respectively formed in the recessed parts such that the second light transmitting layers avoid the partitions of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein surfaces of the second light transmitting layers opposite the portions of the inner surfaces of the recessed parts form lens surfaces for the respective recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein the lens surfaces formed at the recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer are convex.
9. A microlens array comprising:
a first light transmitting layer having a plurality of recessed parts and partitions delimiting the recessed parts, at least a portion of an inner surface of each recessed part being a lens surface; and
a plurality of laterally spaced apart second light transmitting layers respectively formed in the recessed parts such that the second light transmitting layers avoid the partitions of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein surfaces of the second light transmitting layers opposite the portions of the inner surfaces of the recessed parts form lens surfaces for the respective recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein each of the recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer has a bottom functioning as a convex lens surface and a wall extending from the bottom.
10. A microlens array comprising:
a first light transmitting layer having a plurality of recessed parts and partitions delimiting the recessed parts, at least a portion of an inner surface of each recessed part being a lens surface; and
second light transmitting layers respectively formed in the recessed parts such that the second light transmitting layers avoid the partitions of the first light transmitting layer,
wherein surfaces of the second light transmitting layers form lens surfaces for the respective recessed parts of the first light transmitting layer;
wherein each lens surface of the first light transmitting layer has a smaller width than a width of each lens surface of the second light transmitting layers.