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1. US6137441 - Accurate range and range rate determination in a satellite communications system

Office United States of America
Application Number 09150500
Application Date 09.09.1998
Publication Number 6137441
Publication Date 24.10.2000
Grant Number 6137441
Grant Date 24.10.2000
Publication Kind A
IPC
G01S 5/02
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
5Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position-line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
02using radio waves
H04B 7/185
HELECTRICITY
04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
BTRANSMISSION
7Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
14Relay systems
15Active relay systems
185Space-based or airborne stations
G01S 19/00
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
19Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
G01S 19/25
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
19Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS , GLONASS or GALILEO
13Receivers
24Acquisition or tracking of signals transmitted by the system
25involving aiding data received from a cooperating element, e.g. assisted GPS
G01S 5/12
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
5Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position-line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
02using radio waves
12by co-ordinating position lines of different shape, e.g. hyperbolic, circular, elliptical or radial
CPC
H04B 7/1855
HELECTRICITY
04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
BTRANSMISSION
7Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
14Relay systems
15Active relay systems
185Space-based or airborne stations; ; Stations for satellite systems
1853Satellite systems for providing telephony service to a mobile station, i.e. mobile satellite service
18545Arrangements for managing station mobility, i.e. for station registration or localisation
18547for geolocalisation of a station
1855using a telephonic control signal, e.g. propagation delay variation, Doppler frequency variation, power variation, beam identification
G01S 5/12
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
5Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
02using radio waves
12by co-ordinating position lines of different shape, e.g. hyperbolic, circular, elliptical or radial
G01S 19/00
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
19Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
G01S 19/38
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
19Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
38Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system
Applicants Qualcomm Incorporated
Inventors Dai Jin
Levanon Nadav
Ames Bill
Victor Ed
Determan Jim
Agents Wadsworth Phillip R.
Ogrod Gregory D.
Title
(EN) Accurate range and range rate determination in a satellite communications system
Abstract
(EN)

The present invention is a system and method for accurately determining the distance (range) between one or more satellites and a user terminal and the rate of change (range rate) of that distance. When accurately determined according to the present invention, these quantities can be used to determine the location of the user terminal with a high degree of accuracy. When one satellite is available, the present invention determines the range and range rate based on the Doppler frequency shift that a signal experiences between the satellite and the user terminal, the round trip delay a signal experiences during transmission from the satellite to the user terminal and back via a satellite to a gateway, the Doppler frequency shift a signal experiences between the satellite and the gateway, and the timestamps of the measurements. When a second satellite is available, the present invention determines the range and range rate between the second satellite and the user terminal based on the round trip delay, the Doppler frequency shift that a signal experiences between the second satellite and the user terminal, and the difference in arrival times at the user terminal of the signals from the satellites.