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1. US6090132 - Method and apparatus for inducing hypothermia

Office
United States of America
Application Number 08909752
Application Date 12.08.1997
Publication Number 6090132
Publication Date 18.07.2000
Grant Number 6090132
Grant Date 18.07.2000
Publication Kind A
IPC
A61F 7/00
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
A61B 17/24
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
17Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
24for use in the oral cavity, larynx, bronchial passages or nose; Tongue scrapers
A61F 7/02
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
02Compresses or poultices for effecting heating or cooling
A61F 7/03
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
02Compresses or poultices for effecting heating or cooling
03thermophore, i.e. self-heating
A61F 7/12
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
12Devices for heating or cooling internal body cavities
CPC
A61F 7/12
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
12Devices for heating or cooling internal body cavities
A61B 17/24
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
17Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
24for use in the oral cavity, larynx, bronchial passages or nose
A61F 7/007
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
007characterised by electric heating
A61F 7/03
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
02Compresses or poultices for effecting heating or cooling
03thermophore, i.e. self-heating, ; e.g. using a chemical reaction
A61F 2007/0054
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
0054with a closed fluid circuit, e.g. hot water
A61F 2007/0062
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
7Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
0059with an open fluid circuit
006of gas
0062the gas being steam or water vapour
Applicants FOX; JAMES ALLAN
Inventors Fox James Allan
Agents Fox James A.
Priority Data 08024218 15.08.1996 US
Title
(EN) Method and apparatus for inducing hypothermia
Abstract
(EN)

The invention relates generally to methods and apparatus for inducing hypothermia in an animal. Known methods for inducing hypothermia all involve cooling the outside or inside of an animal, sometimes in conjuction with drugs that disable the animal's homeostatic responses. The present invention is directed to a method and apparatus for applying heat to the hypothalamus of a warm-blooded animal in order to utilize the physiological mechanisms that regulate body temperature to effect a compensatory cooling response, thereby lowering body temperature. It is new and unsuggested in the art to apply heat in an effort to reduce body temperature. The invention effects the desired lowering of body temperature by the method od raising the temperature of the hypothalamus, a brain structure situated in humans just above the pituitary gland responsible for temperature regulation, by warming a nasal passage, or a sinus, such as the sphenoid sinus that is nearest to the hypothalamus, or by direct warming of the hypothalamus, or a combination of these.