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1. US5661035 - Voltage sensing by fluorescence resonance energy transfer

Office United States of America
Application Number 08481977
Application Date 07.06.1995
Publication Number 5661035
Publication Date 26.08.1997
Grant Number 5661035
Grant Date 26.08.1997
Publication Kind A
IPC
G01N 21/64
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
62Systems in which the material investigated is excited whereby it emits light or causes a change in wavelength of the incident light
63optically excited
64Fluorescence; Phosphorescence
G01N 21/77
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
75Systems in which material is subjected to a chemical reaction, the progress or the result of the reaction being investigated
77by observing the effect on a chemical indicator
G01N 21/78
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
75Systems in which material is subjected to a chemical reaction, the progress or the result of the reaction being investigated
77by observing the effect on a chemical indicator
78producing a change of colour
C07D 209/00
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
209Heterocyclic compounds containing five-membered rings, condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
C07D 209/08
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
209Heterocyclic compounds containing five-membered rings, condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
02condensed with one carbocyclic ring
04Indoles; Hydrogenated indoles
08with only hydrogen atoms or radicals containing only hydrogen and carbon atoms, directly attached to carbon atoms of the hetero ring
C07D 213/00
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
213Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members
CPC
G01N 33/582
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
33Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
48Biological material, e.g. blood, urine
50Chemical analysis of biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Testing involving biospecific ligand binding methods; Immunological testing
58involving labelled substances
582with fluorescent label
C07D 209/08
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
209Heterocyclic compounds containing five-membered rings, condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
02condensed with one carbocyclic ring
04Indoles; Hydrogenated indoles
08with only hydrogen atoms or radicals containing only hydrogen and carbon atoms, directly attached to carbon atoms of the hetero ring
C07D 239/60
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
239Heterocyclic compounds containing 1,3-diazine or hydrogenated 1,3-diazine rings
02not condensed with other rings
24having three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members
28with hetero atoms or with carbon atoms having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most one bond to halogen, directly attached to ring carbon atoms
46Two or more oxygen, sulfur or nitrogen atoms
60Three or more oxygen or sulfur atoms
C07D 239/62
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
239Heterocyclic compounds containing 1,3-diazine or hydrogenated 1,3-diazine rings
02not condensed with other rings
24having three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members
28with hetero atoms or with carbon atoms having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most one bond to halogen, directly attached to ring carbon atoms
46Two or more oxygen, sulfur or nitrogen atoms
60Three or more oxygen or sulfur atoms
62Barbituric acids
C07D 239/66
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
239Heterocyclic compounds containing 1,3-diazine or hydrogenated 1,3-diazine rings
02not condensed with other rings
24having three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members
28with hetero atoms or with carbon atoms having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most one bond to halogen, directly attached to ring carbon atoms
46Two or more oxygen, sulfur or nitrogen atoms
60Three or more oxygen or sulfur atoms
66Thiobarbituric acids
C07D 311/16
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
311Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings having one oxygen atom as the only hetero atom, condensed with other rings
02ortho- or peri-condensed with carbocyclic rings or ring systems
04Benzo[b]pyrans, not hydrogenated in the carbocyclic ring
06with oxygen or sulfur atoms directly attached in position 2
08not hydrogenated in the hetero ring
16substituted in position 7
Applicants The Regents of the University of California
Inventors Tsien Roger Y.
Gonzalez Jesus E.
Agents Townsend & Townsend & Crew LLP
Priority Data 08481977 07.06.1995 US
Title
(EN) Voltage sensing by fluorescence resonance energy transfer
Abstract
(EN)

Compositions and methods for use in generating fast ratiometric voltage-sensitive fluorescence changes in single or multiple cells systems. A first reagent is a membrane-bound hydrophobic fluorescent anion which rapidly redistributes from one face of the plasma membrane to the other in response to the transmembrane potential, as described by the Nernst equation. A voltage-sensitive fluorescent readout is created by labeling the intracellular or extracellular surface of the cell with a second reagent comprising a fluorophore which can undergo energy transfer with the first reagent or a quencher for the first reagent. Quenching or FRET between the two reagents is disrupted when the membrane potential is depolarized, because the anionic first reagent is pulled to the intracellular surface of the plasma membrane far from the asymmetrically bound second reagent. In preferred embodiments of the invention, the first and second reagents are bound together by a suitable linker group. -GOVT PAR This invention was made with Government support under Grant No. R01 NS27177-07, awarded by the National Institutes of Health. The Government has certain rights in this invention.