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107. (US5701327) Saturable Bragg reflector structure and process for fabricating the same

Application Number: 08640377 Application Date: 30.04.1996
Publication Number: 5701327 Publication Date: 23.12.1997
Grant Number: 5701327 Grant Date: 23.12.1997
Publication Kind : A
IPC:
G02F 1/03
H01S 3/08
H01S 3/02
H01L 21/20
H01L 29/06
G02F 1/35
H01S 3/06
H01S 3/086
H01S 3/098
H01S 3/11
G PHYSICS
02
OPTICS
F
DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1
Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01
for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
03
based on ceramics or electro-optical crystals, e.g. exhibiting Pockels or Kerr effect
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
S
DEVICES USING STIMULATED EMISSION
3
Lasers, i.e. devices for generation, amplification, modulation, demodulation, or frequency-changing, using stimulated emission, of infra-red, visible, or ultra-violet waves
05
Construction or shape of optical resonators; Accommodation of active medium therein; Shape of active medium
08
Construction or shape of optical resonators or components thereof
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
S
DEVICES USING STIMULATED EMISSION
3
Lasers, i.e. devices for generation, amplification, modulation, demodulation, or frequency-changing, using stimulated emission, of infra-red, visible, or ultra-violet waves
02
Constructional details
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
L
SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
21
Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
02
Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
04
the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
18
the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of the fourth group of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
20
Deposition of semiconductor materials on a substrate, e.g. epitaxial growth
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
L
SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29
Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
02
Semiconductor bodies
06
characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions
G PHYSICS
02
OPTICS
F
DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1
Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
35
Non-linear optics
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
S
DEVICES USING STIMULATED EMISSION
3
Lasers, i.e. devices for generation, amplification, modulation, demodulation, or frequency-changing, using stimulated emission, of infra-red, visible, or ultra-violet waves
05
Construction or shape of optical resonators; Accommodation of active medium therein; Shape of active medium
06
Construction or shape of active medium
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
S
DEVICES USING STIMULATED EMISSION
3
Lasers, i.e. devices for generation, amplification, modulation, demodulation, or frequency-changing, using stimulated emission, of infra-red, visible, or ultra-violet waves
05
Construction or shape of optical resonators; Accommodation of active medium therein; Shape of active medium
08
Construction or shape of optical resonators or components thereof
086
One or more reflectors having variable properties or positions for initial adjustment of the resonator
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
S
DEVICES USING STIMULATED EMISSION
3
Lasers, i.e. devices for generation, amplification, modulation, demodulation, or frequency-changing, using stimulated emission, of infra-red, visible, or ultra-violet waves
098
Mode locking; Mode suppression
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
S
DEVICES USING STIMULATED EMISSION
3
Lasers, i.e. devices for generation, amplification, modulation, demodulation, or frequency-changing, using stimulated emission, of infra-red, visible, or ultra-violet waves
10
Controlling the intensity, frequency, phase, polarisation or direction of the emitted radiation, e.g. switching, gating, modulating or demodulating
11
in which the quality factor of the optical resonator is rapidly changed, i.e. giant-pulse technique
CPC:

Applicants: Lucent Technologies Inc.
Inventors: Cunningham John Edward
Jan William Young
Knox Wayne Harvey
Tsuda Sergio
Agents: Dinicola Brian K.
Bartholomew Steven R.
Priority Data:
Title: (EN) Saturable Bragg reflector structure and process for fabricating the same
Abstract: front page image
(EN)

Low optical loss and simplified fabrication are achieved by a nonlinear reflector which incorporates one or more semiconductor quantum wells within an n half-wavelengths strain relief layer (where n is an odd integer greater than zero) that is formed on a standard semiconductor quarter wave stack reflector. Growth of the half-wavelength layer is controlled so that dislocations are formed in sufficient concentration at the interface region to act effectively as non-radiative recombination sources. After saturation, these recombination sources remove carriers in the quantum well before the next round trip of the optical pulse arrives in the laser cavity. The nonlinear reflector is suitable for laser modelocking at the high wavelengths associated with many currently contemplated telecommunications applications and provides, at such wavelengths, an intensity dependent response that permits it to be used for saturable absorption directly in a main oscillating cavity of a laser. Saturation intensity of the nonlinear reflector and thereby related laser modelocking properties can be controlled by disposing the quantum well(s) at a particular position within the strain relief layer.