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1. US5340962 - Automatic control of laser beam tool positioning

Office United States of America
Application Number 07929942
Application Date 14.08.1992
Publication Number 5340962
Publication Date 23.08.1994
Grant Number 5340962
Grant Date 23.08.1994
Publication Kind A
IPC
B23K 26/04
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
B23K 26/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
B23K 26/08
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
08Devices involving relative movement between laser beam and workpiece
B25J 9/18
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; HANDLES FOR HAND IMPLEMENTS; WORKSHOP EQUIPMENT; MANIPULATORS
JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
9Programme-controlled manipulators
16Programme controls
18electric
CPC
B23K 26/046
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
046Automatically focusing the laser beam
B23K 26/04
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
B23K 26/043
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
042Automatically aligning the laser beam
043along the beam path, i.e. alignment of laser beam axis relative to laser beam apparatus
B23K 26/048
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
046Automatically focusing the laser beam
048by controlling the distance between laser head and workpiece
B23K 26/0622
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
06Shaping the laser beam, e.g. by masks or multi-focusing
062by direct control of the laser beam
0622by shaping pulses
B23K 26/0884
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
08Devices involving relative movement between laser beam and workpiece
0869Devices involving movement of the laser head in at least one axial direction
0876in at least two axial directions
0884in at least in three axial directions, e.g. manipulators, robots
Applicants Lumonics Corporation
Inventors Schmidt Robert H.
Martin Dan
Agents Faegre & Benson
Title
(EN) Automatic control of laser beam tool positioning
Abstract
(EN)

Laser machining system with x, y and z axis translational movement and C and D axis rotational movement of a beam positioning device to perform automatic tracking over the surface of a workpiece at a constant distance utilizing a sampled capacitive sensing device operative in the refractory interval between laser pulses. The system also automatically determines the normal vector to the part surface and is controllable along a selectable axis for accurate tracking the focal point of the beam across the surface of the workpiece even when the beam is oriented at an angle other than normal to the surface of the workpiece. The system also provides for control of the of the focal point of the beam at a particular displacement from the machining nozzle tip, using a least means squares curve fitting technique and further provides for identification of a mounting fixture unique to a workpiece by sensing coding on the surface of the fixture thereby to select a particular part machining program.