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1. US5178262 - Sheet transporting tongs for use in chain conveyors and the like

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters
We claim:
1. Tongs for releasably attaching paper sheets and like commodities to conveyors, comprising a housing; a first jaw on said housing; a second jaw supported by and movable relative to said housing between an open position remote from and a closed position adjacent said first jaw so that a commodity which is positioned between said jaws is clamped in the closed position of said second jaw; means for moving said second jaw between said positions including an actuator pivotably mounted on said housing for movement with and relative to said second jaw between a first end position corresponding to the open position of said second jaw and a second end position corresponding to the closed position of said second jaw, a resilient force transmitting device connected with said second jaw to oppose the movement of said actuator relative to said second jaw during movement of said actuator to said second end position, and a motion transmitting unit interposed between said device and said actuator and movable through a dead-center position during movement of said actuator between said end positions, said unit comprising a toggle joint and said toggle joint comprising a first portion articulately connected with said actuator and a second portion articulately connected with said device; and first and second shafts mounted in said housing and having substantially parallel axes, said actuator comprising a lever which is pivotable about the axis of said first shaft and said second jaw being pivotable about the axis of said second shaft, said device comprising a coil spring coaxial with said second shaft and having a torque transmitting first end portion connected to said second jaw and a second end portion constituting a fulcrum for the second portion of said link.
2. The tongs of claim 1, wherein said lever comprises a plurality of arms, said first portion of said link being articulately connected with one arm of said lever.
3. The tongs of claim 1, wherein said lever is rigid with said first shaft and said first shaft is rotatable in said housing about said first axis.
4. The tongs of claim 1, wherein said end portions of said spring are substantially parallel to said second axis.
5. The tongs of claim 1, further comprising means for biasing said second jaw to said open position and for simultaneously biasing said actuator to said first end position, said biasing means comprising a second coil spring bearing, against said second jaw and reacting against said housing.
6. The tongs of claim 1, further comprising means for biasing said second jaw and said actuator to said open position and to said first end position, respectively.
7. Tongs for releasably attaching paper sheets and like commodities to conveyors, comprising a housing; a first jaw on said housing, a second jaw supported by and movable relative to said housing between an open position remote from and a closed position adjacent said first jaw so that a commodity which is positioned between said jaws is clamped in the closed position of said second jaw; and means for moving said second jaw between said positions including an actuator pivotably mounted on said housing for movement with and relative to said second jaw between a first end position corresponding to the open position of said second jaw and a second end position corresponding to the closed position of said second jaw, a resilient force transmitting device connected with said second jaw to oppose the movement of said actuator relative to said second jaw during movement of said actuator to said second end position, and a motion transmitting unit interposed between said device and said actuator and movable through a dead-center position during movement of said actuator between said end positions, said unit comprising a cam member and a follower member tracking said cam member, one of said members being provided on said actuator and the other of said members being provided on said device.
8. The tongs of claim 7, wherein said cam member includes a groove and said follower member extends into said groove.
9. The tongs of claim 8, wherein said follower member includes a roller.
10. The tongs of claim 8, wherein said device comprises an arm which is pivotable in said housing and said groove is provided in said arm.
11. The tongs of claim 10, further comprising first and second shafts mounted in said housing and having substantially parallel axes, said actuator comprising a lever which is pivotable about the axis of said first shaft and said arm being pivotable about the axis of said second shaft.
12. The tongs of claim 11, wherein said first and second shafts are rotatable in said housing with said lever and said arm, respectively, said second jaw including a length of wire having two coil springs which are convoluted onto said second shaft in opposite directions and have end portions affixed to said second shaft.
13. The tongs of claim 11, further comprising means for biasing said second jaw and said actuator to said open position and to said first end position, respectively, said biasing means comprising a coil spring mounted on said first shaft, reacting against said housing and bearing upon said actuator.