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1. (US5208767) Displacement measuring apparatus

Office : United States of America
Application Number: 07092911 Application Date: 09.01.1991
Publication Number: 5208767 Publication Date: 04.05.1993
Grant Number: 5208767 Grant Date: 04.05.1993
Publication Kind : A
Prior PCT appl.: Application Number:US86002557 ; Publication Number: Click to see the data
IPC:
G01B 21/00
G01B 3/02
G01B 3/10
G01B 11/02
G01D 5/249
G06F 3/033
H03M 1/22
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
B
MEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
21
Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the other groups of this subclass
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
B
MEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
3
Instruments as specified in the subgroups and characterised by the use of mechanical measuring means
02
Rulers or tapes with scales or marks for direct reading
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
B
MEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
3
Instruments as specified in the subgroups and characterised by the use of mechanical measuring means
02
Rulers or tapes with scales or marks for direct reading
10
flexible
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
B
MEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
11
Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of optical means
02
for measuring length, width, or thickness
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
D
MEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; TRANSFERRING OR TRANSDUCING ARRANGEMENTS NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
5
Mechanical means for transferring the output of a sensing member; Means for converting the output of a sensing member to another variable where the form or nature of the sensing member does not constrain the means for converting; Transducers not specially adapted for a specific variable
12
using electric or magnetic means
244
influencing characteristics of pulses or pulse trains; generating pulses or pulse trains
249
using pulse code
G PHYSICS
06
COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
F
ELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
3
Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
01
Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
03
Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
033
Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user; Accessories therefor
H ELECTRICITY
03
BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
M
CODING, DECODING OR CODE CONVERSION, IN GENERAL
1
Analogue/digital conversion; Digital/analogue conversion
12
Analogue/digital converters
22
pattern-reading type
Applicants: The Stanley Works
Inventors: George-Kelso Simon
Sajip Vinay
Lindop Jim
Ryan Paul T.
Agents: Chilton, Alix & Van Kirk
Priority Data: 8529360 28.11.1985 GB
Title: (EN) Displacement measuring apparatus
Abstract: front page image
(EN)

A tape rule or other displacement measuring apparatus comprises a reader means and a member that are relatively movable. The member carries a position track defined by a sequence of alternative markings made in succession along the member. The alternative markings record different values in a pseudo-random sequence which is the result of repetitive operations on a seed consisting of a small number of elements. The sequence has the property that a group of successive markings of length at least equal to that of the seed occurs at a single position in the sequence so that a succession of markings read from the track and of length at least equal to the seed defines an absolute position of the reading means and the member. The reading means has at least three sensors arranged to respond to different locations within each marking with the pattern of the markings and the location of the sensors arranged so that only a single sensor changes state each time that the member moves through an interval of displacement relatively to the sensing means. The states occur consecutively in alternative sequences along the member that are recognizable by decoding logic fed with successive states as a logical value corresponding to one of the alternative markings depending upon which sequence has been followed.


Also published as:
EP0247184CA1281182DE000003688909GB2183951GB2220314KR1019887000940
WO/1987/003361