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1. US4783993 - Tire pressure sensor for motor vehicles

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters
What is claimed as new and desired to be protected by Letters Patent is set forth in the appended claims:
1. In a tire pressure sensor for motor vehicles, comprising a pressure switch for monitoring tire pressure, said pressure switch being fastened at a circumference of a wheel rim and being actuated by the tire pressure, said pressure switch including a reference pressure chamber; a diaphragm, said reference pressure chamber being closed in the direction of the tire by said diaphragm which is electrically conductive; an element enclosing said reference pressure chamber; a contact pin supported in said element and engageable with a middle area of the diaphragm for closing an electric circuit when there is sufficient air pressure in the tire; the improvement comprising an air gap (X) provided between the contact pin (30) and the middle area of the diaphragm (29) for testing leakage of the reference pressure chamber (21a) when an equal pressure occurs on both sides of the diaphragm (29), the element enclosing the reference pressure chamber being fastened in a sensor housing (16), which is fixed in the wheel rim (12) and closed toward outside, in such a manner that it is surrounded by the compressed air in the tire (11).
2. Tire pressure sensor according to claim 1, wherein said sensor housing is screwed into the wheel rim.
3. Tire pressure sensor according to claim 1, further including a connecting wire (36) connected to said element; an oscillating circuit chamber (25); and an oscillating circuit having a capacitor and a coil (26), , the contact pin (30) and the connecting wire (36) projecting through a seal (40) with one end into the oscillating circuit chamber (25) which receives the capacitor and the coil (26) of the oscillating circuit.
4. Tire pressure sensor according to claim 3, including a supporting ring (20) arranged between the reference pressure chamber and the oscillating circuit chamber (25), said supporting ring (20) including a collar (39) projecting in the direction of the oscillating circuit chamber (25), said collar (39) supporting the connecting wire (36) and the contact pin (30) and being filled with a sealing substance (40).
5. Tire pressure sensor according to claim 4, said supporting ring including an outer ring wall (38), said element having a radial collar (37) which is formed on an outer circumference of said element, is in contact with said ring wall (38) and is clamped with said element (21) by a spacing ring (22) positioned above the collar (37) and with a perforated covering disk (23) by a flange (24) of said housing (16).
6. Tire pressure sensor according to claim 5, wherein for a pressure compensation between a front and a back of the reference pressure chamber, the covering disk (23) has at least one radial notch (48) in an outer area, the spacing ring (22) and the collar (37) of the reference pressure chamber enclosing element (21), having a smaller outer diameter than a receptacle of the sensor housing (16), and the ring wall (38) of the supporting ring (20) having a radial depression (50) which is open toward the collar (37) of the reference pressure chamber enclosing element (21).