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1. US20210316528 - SHOCK AND IMPACT RESISTANT STRUCTURES

Office
United States of America
Application Number 17247603
Application Date 17.12.2020
Publication Number 20210316528
Publication Date 14.10.2021
Publication Kind A1
IPC
B32B 5/12
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
32LAYERED PRODUCTS
BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
5Layered products characterised by the non-homogeneity or physical structure of a layer
02characterised by structural features of a layer comprising fibres or filaments
12characterised by the relative arrangement of fibres or filaments of adjacent layers
B32B 5/02
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
32LAYERED PRODUCTS
BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
5Layered products characterised by the non-homogeneity or physical structure of a layer
02characterised by structural features of a layer comprising fibres or filaments
B32B 5/26
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
32LAYERED PRODUCTS
BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
5Layered products characterised by the non-homogeneity or physical structure of a layer
22characterised by the presence of two or more layers which comprise fibres, filaments, granules, or powder, or are foamed or specifically porous
24one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer
26another layer also being fibrous or filamentary
B32B 1/02
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
32LAYERED PRODUCTS
BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
1Layered products essentially having a general shape other than plane
02Receptacles, e.g. tanks
B33Y 80/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
80Products made by additive manufacturing
B29C 70/30
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
70Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
04comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
28Shaping operations therefor
30Shaping by lay-up, i.e. applying fibres, tape or broadsheet on a mould, former or core; Shaping by spray-up, i.e. spraying of fibres on a mould, former or core
CPC
B29L 2031/7156
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
2031Other particular articles
712Containers; Packaging elements or accessories, Packages
7154Barrels, drums, tuns, vats
7156Pressure vessels
B32B 5/12
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
32LAYERED PRODUCTS
BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
5Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure ; , i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
02characterised by structural features of a ; fibrous or filamentary layer
12characterised by the relative arrangement of fibres or filaments of ; different layers, e.g. the fibres or filaments being parallel or perpendicular to each other
B32B 5/262
B32B 1/02
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
32LAYERED PRODUCTS
BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
1Layered products having a general shape other than plane
02Receptacles ; , i.e. rigid containers; , e.g. tanks
B33Y 80/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
80Products made by additive manufacturing
B29C 70/30
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
70Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
04comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
28Shaping operations therefor
30Shaping by lay-up, i.e. applying fibres, tape or broadsheet on a mould, former or core; Shaping by spray-up, i.e. spraying of fibres on a mould, former or core
Applicants Helicoid Industries Inc.
Inventors Douglas McCarville
Chad Wasilenkoff
Pascal Joubert des Ouches
David Kisailus
Title
(EN) SHOCK AND IMPACT RESISTANT STRUCTURES
Abstract
(EN)

Described herein are details for designing and manufacturing enhanced shock and impact resistant helicoidal lay-ups by combining nanomaterials, variable pitch and partial spirals, Thin unidirectional fiber plies, hybrid materials, and/or curved fibers within a ply. The helicoidal structures created in the prescribed manners can be tuned and pitched to desired wavelengths to dampen propagating shock waves initiated by ballistics, strike forces or foreign material impacts and can arrest the propagation of fractures including catastrophic fractures. These enhancements open the helicoidal technology up for use in such applications as consumer products, protective armor, sporting equipment, crash protection devices, wind turbine blades, cryogenic tanks, pressure vessels, battery casings, automotive/aerospace components, construction materials, and other composite products.


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