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1. US20210009974 - PROGRAMMABLE NUCLEASE IMPROVEMENTS AND COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION AND DETECTION

Office
United States of America
Application Number 17037620
Application Date 29.09.2020
Publication Number 20210009974
Publication Date 14.01.2021
Publication Kind A1
IPC
C12N 9/22
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
9Enzymes, e.g. ligases (6.); Proenzymes; Compositions thereof; Processes for preparing, activating, inhibiting, separating, or purifying enzymes
14Hydrolases (3.)
16acting on ester bonds (3.1)
22Ribonucleases
C12N 15/113
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
11DNA or RNA fragments; Modified forms thereof
113Non-coding nucleic acids modulating the expression of genes, e.g. antisense oligonucleotides
C12Q 1/6886
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS; COMPOSITIONS OR TEST PAPERS THEREFOR; PROCESSES OF PREPARING SUCH COMPOSITIONS; CONDITION-RESPONSIVE CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGICAL OR ENZYMOLOGICAL PROCESSES
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms; Compositions therefor; Processes of preparing such compositions
68involving nucleic acids
6876Nucleic acid products used in the analysis of nucleic acids, e.g. primers or probes
6883for diseases caused by alterations of genetic material
6886for cancer
C12Q 1/70
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS; COMPOSITIONS OR TEST PAPERS THEREFOR; PROCESSES OF PREPARING SUCH COMPOSITIONS; CONDITION-RESPONSIVE CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGICAL OR ENZYMOLOGICAL PROCESSES
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms; Compositions therefor; Processes of preparing such compositions
70involving virus or bacteriophage
CPC
C12N 15/113
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
11DNA or RNA fragments; Modified forms thereof
113Non-coding nucleic acids modulating the expression of genes, e.g. antisense oligonucleotides; Antisense DNA or RNA; Triplex- forming oligonucleotides; Catalytic nucleic acids, e.g. ribozymes; Nucleic acids used in co-suppression or gene silencing
C12N 9/22
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
9Enzymes; Proenzymes; Compositions thereof
14Hydrolases (3)
16acting on ester bonds (3.1)
22Ribonucleases ; RNAses, DNAses
C12Q 1/6886
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms
68involving nucleic acids
6876Nucleic acid products used in the analysis of nucleic acids, e.g. primers or probes
6883for diseases caused by alterations of genetic material
6886for cancer
C12Q 2600/156
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS
2600Oligonucleotides characterized by their use
156Polymorphic or mutational markers
C12N 2310/20
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2310Structure or type of the nucleic acid
10Type of nucleic acid
20involving clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats [CRISPRs]
C12N 2800/80
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
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2800Nucleic acids vectors
80Vectors containing sites for inducing double-stranded breaks, e.g. meganuclease restriction sites
Applicants MAMMOTH BIOSCIENCES, INC.
Inventors Lucas Benjamin HARRINGTON
Janice Sha CHEN
James Paul BROUGHTON
Pedro Patrick Draper GALARZA
Wiputra J. HARTONO
Isaac Paterson WITTE
Jasmeet SINGH
Title
(EN) PROGRAMMABLE NUCLEASE IMPROVEMENTS AND COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION AND DETECTION
Abstract
(EN)

Disclosed herein are compositions, kits, and methods related to improved Cas activity. Through compositions and kits disclosed herein and practice of methods disclosed herein, one attains improved Cas activity such as Cas12 activity relative to Cas proteins in the art such as LbCas12. Further described herein are methods to detect target nucleic acid using a programmable nuclease system. Often, the target nucleic acids are present in at low frequency in the sample. Provided herein are methods for enriching these target nucleic acids for detection. Also described herein are methods to insert a PAM sequence into a target sequence of interest for use in a detection comprising a programmable nuclease.

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