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1. US20200325521 - NUCLEIC ACID ENZYME-MEDIATED SIGNAL AMPLIFICATION FOR BIOSENSING

Office United States of America
Application Number 16492262
Application Date 12.03.2018
Publication Number 20200325521
Publication Date 15.10.2020
Publication Kind A1
IPC
C12Q 1/682
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS; COMPOSITIONS OR TEST PAPERS THEREFOR; PROCESSES OF PREPARING SUCH COMPOSITIONS; CONDITION-RESPONSIVE CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGICAL OR ENZYMOLOGICAL PROCESSES
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms; Compositions therefor; Processes of preparing such compositions
68involving nucleic acids
6813Hybridisation assays
6816characterised by the detection means
682Signal amplification
C12Q 1/6844
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS; COMPOSITIONS OR TEST PAPERS THEREFOR; PROCESSES OF PREPARING SUCH COMPOSITIONS; CONDITION-RESPONSIVE CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGICAL OR ENZYMOLOGICAL PROCESSES
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms; Compositions therefor; Processes of preparing such compositions
68involving nucleic acids
6844Nucleic acid amplification reactions
C12Q 1/689
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS; COMPOSITIONS OR TEST PAPERS THEREFOR; PROCESSES OF PREPARING SUCH COMPOSITIONS; CONDITION-RESPONSIVE CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGICAL OR ENZYMOLOGICAL PROCESSES
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms; Compositions therefor; Processes of preparing such compositions
68involving nucleic acids
6876Nucleic acid products used in the analysis of nucleic acids, e.g. primers or probes
6888for detection or identification of organisms
689for bacteria
CPC
C12Q 2600/178
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QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS
2600Oligonucleotides characterized by their use
178miRNA, siRNA or ncRNA
C12Q 1/682
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms
68involving nucleic acids
6813Hybridisation assays
6816characterised by the detection means
682Signal amplification
C12Q 1/689
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms
68involving nucleic acids
6876Nucleic acid products used in the analysis of nucleic acids, e.g. primers or probes
6888for detection or identification of organisms
689for bacteria
C12Q 1/6844
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms
68involving nucleic acids
6844Nucleic acid amplification reactions
Applicants McMaster University
Inventors Yingfu Li
John Brennan
Meng Liu
Title
(EN) NUCLEIC ACID ENZYME-MEDIATED SIGNAL AMPLIFICATION FOR BIOSENSING
Abstract
(EN)

Described is an approach that takes advantage of rolling circle amplification (RCA) and an RNA-cleaving DNAzyme (RCD) to achieve massive signal amplification for biosensing via a cross-feedback mechanism. An RCA reaction generates copies of an RCD that triggers a reaction cascade designed to generate additional DNA assemblies for RCA. These cross-feedback actions work autonomously to turn limited molecular recognition events into massive amounts of DNA amplicons that can be conveniently detected. This approach was demonstrated for biosensing of a microRNA sequence and a bacterium.