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1. (US20190092417) ECCENTRIC BICYCLE FORK SHAFT
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Claims

1. A bicycle fork comprising:
a fork shaft configured to be rotatably borne in a head tube of a bicycle frame so as to rotate about a steering axis,
wherein the fork shaft comprises a cylindrical fork shaft segment that is disposed eccentrically with respect to the steering axis.
2. The bicycle fork according to claim 1, wherein the cylindrical fork shaft segment is an uppermost segment or an upper end of the fork shaft.
3. The bicycle fork according to claim 2, wherein:
the cylindrical fork shaft segment is a right circular cylinder having a hollow interior, a cylindrical inner surface and a central longitudinal axis,
the central longitudinal axis lies within a symmetry plane of the bicycle fork and extends parallel to the steering axis, and
the central longitudinal axis is spaced apart from the steering axis in a direction of eccentricity by an eccentric distance of 1 to 5 mm, the direction of eccentricity pointing in an opposite direction with respect to a forward direction of travel of the bicycle.
4. The bicycle fork according to claim 1, further comprising:
an engaging segment configured to engage a lower headset bearing,
wherein the engaging segment adjoins a lower end of the cylindrical fork shaft segment, and
the engaging segment is in the form of a cone shape having a cone angle of 30-60°.
5. The bicycle fork according to claim 4, wherein:
the cone shape of the engaging segment has a circular outer cross section in a plane perpendicular to the steering axis, and
the steering axis intersects a circle center point of the circular outer cross section.
6. The bicycle fork according to claim 1, further comprising a feed-through opening defined in the bicycle fork and configured to pass-through a brake cable of the front wheel brake.
7. A bicycle frame comprising:
a head tube,
an upper headset bearing and a lower headset bearing respectively disposed at least partially within an upper interior end and a lower interior end of the head tube, and
the bicycle fork according to claim 1 rotatably borne in the upper and lower headset bearings.
8. The bicycle frame according to claim 7, wherein the cylindrical fork shaft segment has a smaller outer diameter than an inside diameter of the upper headset bearing.
9. The bicycle frame according to claim 8, further comprising:
a reduction sleeve disposed between the cylindrical fork shaft segment and the upper headset bearing.
10. The bicycle frame according to claim 9, wherein:
the reduction sleeve has a cone-shaped engagement segment that sits on a chamfer defined in the upper headset bearing,
the cone-shaped engagement segment has a circular outer cross section in a plane perpendicular to the steering axis,
the steering axis intersects a circle center point of the circular outer cross section of the cone-shaped engagement segment,
the cone-shaped engagement segment has a height in a direction parallel to the steering axis of 3 to 10 mm, and
a cone of the cone-shaped engagement segment has a cone angle of 30-60° with respect to the steering axis.
11. The bicycle frame according to claim 10, wherein the reduction sleeve has a circular through-hole that is disposed eccentrically with respect to the cone-shaped engagement segment of the reduction sleeve, the cylindrical fork shaft segment extending through the circular through-hole.
12. The bicycle frame according to claim 9, wherein the reduction sleeve has a continuous guide window configured to receive a plurality of brake and/or gear shift cables.
13. The bicycle frame according to claim 12, wherein:
the guide window is disposed between a circular through-hole that receives the cylindrical fork shaft segment and an outer circumference of the reduction sleeve; and
the plurality of brake and/or gear shift cables extends through the guide window and in parallel to the steering axis.
14. The bicycle frame according to claim 9, wherein:
at least one depression is defined on an upper side of the reduction sleeve,
a cap ring having at least one corresponding protrusion is disposed on the reduction sleeve,
the at least one corresponding protrusion is interference-fit in the at least one depression, and
the cap ring and reduction sleeve are interlocked via the at least one depression and the at least one corresponding protrusion so as to rotate together about the steering axis.
15. The bicycle frame according to claim 7, further comprising:
a hollow lower tube continuously extending from the head tube, and
a cable stop disposed in the lower tube,
wherein a gear shift cable or a brake cable is connected to the cable stop at a distance of 2 to 20 cm from the steering axis.
16. The bicycle frame according to claim 7, further comprising an expander component for mounting a handlebar stem,
wherein the expander component is disposed in the interior of the cylindrical fork shaft segment and is rotationally symmetrical.
17. A bicycle frame comprising:
a head tube having a first central longitudinal axis defining a steering axis of a handlebar, the steering axis lying within a symmetry plane of the bicycle frame,
an upper headset bearing and a lower headset bearing respectively disposed at least partially within an upper interior end and a lower interior end of the head tube, and
a bicycle fork comprising a cylindrical fork shaft segment;
wherein the cylindrical fork shaft segment is rotatably borne in the upper and lower headset bearings so as to rotate about a steering axis,
the cylindrical fork shaft segment is a right circular cylinder having a hollow interior, a cylindrical inner surface and a second central longitudinal axis,
the second central longitudinal axis lies within the symmetry plane of the bicycle frame and extends parallel to the steering axis, and
the central longitudinal axis is spaced apart from the steering axis in a direction of eccentricity by an eccentric distance of 1 to 5 mm, the direction of eccentricity pointing in an opposite direction with respect to a forward direction of travel of the bicycle.
18. The bicycle frame according to claim 17, further comprising:
a reduction sleeve disposed between the cylindrical fork shaft segment and the upper headset bearing,
wherein:
the reduction sleeve has a circular through-hole,
the cylindrical fork shaft segment extends through the circular through-hole,
the reduction sleeve has a guide window disposed between the circular through-hole and an outer circumference of the reduction sleeve,
a plurality of brake and/or gear shift cables extends through the guide window and in parallel to the steering axis, such that the plurality of brake and/or gear shift cables are disposed between the cylindrical fork shaft segment and the head tube, and
the upper headset bearing and the lower headset bearing have the same inside diameter.
19. The bicycle frame according to claim 18, wherein:
the bicycle fork further comprises an engaging segment adjoining a lower end of the cylindrical fork shaft segment, the engaging segment being in the form of a cone shape having a cone angle of 30-60° and acting as a seat for the lower headset bearing,
the cone shape of the engaging segment has a circular outer cross section in a plane perpendicular to the steering axis,
the steering axis intersects a circle center point of the circular outer cross section,
a feed-through opening is defined in the bicycle fork, and
one brake cable of the plurality of brake and/or gear shift cables passes through the feed-through opening into an interior of the cone shape of the engaging segment.
20. The bicycle frame according to claim 19, wherein:
at least one depression is defined on an upper side of the reduction sleeve,
a cap ring having at least one corresponding protrusion is disposed on the reduction sleeve,
the at least one corresponding protrusion is interference-fit in the at least one depression,
the cap ring and reduction sleeve are interlocked via the at least one depression and the at least one corresponding protrusion so as to rotate together about the steering axis,
a hollow lower tube continuously extends from the head tube,
a cable stop is disposed in the lower tube,
at least one of the plurality of brake and/or gear shift cables is connected to the cable stop at a distance of 2 to 20 cm from the steering axis, and
a rotationally symmetrical expander component for mounting a handlebar stem is disposed in the interior of the cylindrical fork shaft segment.