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1. US20180361704 - ADAPTIVE SMART TEXTILES, METHOD OF PRODUCING THEM, AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

Claims

1. An article of manufacture, comprising:
a dual pane fabric arrangement comprising a first pane of fabric and a second pane of fabric separated by an intra-layer gap; and
an insert layer disposed in the intra-layer gap, wherein the insert layer causes a thickness of the intra-layer gap to change responsive to changes in ambient temperature.
2. The article of claim 1, wherein the insert layer causes the thickness of the intra-layer gap to change due to bending in at least a part of the insert layer due to changes in the ambient temperature.
3. The article of claim 1, wherein the insert layer comprises a repeatable shape memory structure that wrinkles on temperature change.
4. The article of claim 1, wherein the insert layer comprises a shape memory structure comprising an array of circular shaped, oval shaped, trilobal shaped, ribbon shaped or random shaped fibers or partially flattened fibers with an off-centered relative arrangement of the two elongated materials having different coefficients of thermal expansion,
5. The article of claim 4, wherein the two elongated materials comprise a metal-metal, a metal polymer, a polymer-polymer, or a polymer-composite combination,
6- 13. (canceled)
14. The article of claim 1
wherein at least one of the first pane and the second pane comprises an array of bilayer attached flaps move upward or downward controllable to alter flow of ambient medium in and out of the intra-layer gap; and
wherein the insert layer is coupled to the array of flaps to control opening and closing of the array of flaps to alter the flow of the ambient medium in and out of the intra-layer gap.
15. The article of manufacture of claim 14, wherein the ambient medium comprises air.
16. The article of manufacture of claim 1, wherein the insert layer comprises a first portion having a first coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and a second portion having a second, different CTE, the first portion and the second portion being connected to each other to change shape in response to changes in the ambient temperature.
17- 21. (canceled)
22. The article of manufacture of claim 16, wherein the first portion comprises a lower CTE material and the second portion comprises a higher CTE material, and wherein the first portion and the second portion are bonded for coupling, and the lower CTE material is made of a shape memory alloy with distributed phase transformation temperatures with a linear change of dimension with temperature.
23. The article of manufacture of claim 22, wherein the lower CTE material has a negative CTE value.
24- 38. (canceled)
39. The article of manufacture of claim 16, wherein the first portion comprises a lower CTE material and the second portion comprises a higher CTE material, wherein the lower CTE material and the higher CTE material are bonded for coupling, and the lower CTE material comprises a near-zero CTE type materials
40. The article of manufacture of claim 39, wherein the lower CTE material includes an Invar alloy a refractive metal alloy, or a Kevlar type low CTE or negative CTE polymer.
41- 44. (canceled)
45. The article of manufacture of claim 16, wherein the insert layer comprises two layer materials that are structured with at least one layer having an array or pores, an array of strips, or surface roughness of nano or micropatterning.
46. The article of manufacture of claim 16, wherein the insert layer comprises at least two bilayers, wherein each bilayer is shaped as a strip and the at least two bilayers are connected at long ends of the strip to form a bow structure.
47- 78. (canceled)
79. A humidity responsive porosity-changeable arrangement, comprising:
a fabric; and
a hygroscopic layer attached at a bottom or top of the fabric, the hygroscopic layer having geometrical pores that allow air to flow to and away from the fabric.
80. The arrangement of claim 79, further comprising a two-layered humidity responsive material that includes a hydrophobic top layer bonded with a diluted hygroscopic layer that reduces a feeling of wetness by at least 50%, with a viscosity enhanced by at least 30%, wherein the two-layered humidity responsive material bonded onto the upper regular fabric.
81. (canceled)
82. The humidity responsive porosity-changeable fabrics of claims 79, wherein the hygroscopic material layer is selected from PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) or PDHS (Polydihexylsilane) with monomer-wise mixed hygroscopic molecules of PEG (hygroscopic polyethylene glycol) selected from PEG dimethacrylate, PEG methacrylate, PEG diacrylate, which also exhibits mechanical flexibility and stretchability between 30% and 100%.
83- 90. (canceled)
91. The humidity responsive porosity-changeable arrangement of claim 79, wherein the geometric pores are covered by a flap, wherein the flap is made up of a one piece opening up, two or more split pieces opening up simultaneously, with the flap ends optionally curved to reduce frictional feeling.
92- 98. (canceled)
99. An article of manufacture, comprising:
a single pane fabric having cut-out portions; and
an array of bilayer flaps attached onto top or bottom surface of cut-out portions of the single pane in such a way that when the array of bilayer flaps bends upon a temperature change, a corresponding attached fabric portion in contact with each of the flaps also bend upward or downward to alter flow of ambient medium in and out of the fabric plane.
100. The article of manufacture of claim 99, wherein the ambient medium comprises air.