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1. US20180340193 - Methods and microorganisms for the production of 1,3-butanediol

Office United States of America
Application Number 15746241
Application Date 21.07.2016
Publication Number 20180340193
Publication Date 29.11.2018
Grant Number 10626423
Grant Date 21.04.2020
Publication Kind B2
IPC
C12P 7/18
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
PFERMENTATION OR ENZYME-USING PROCESSES TO SYNTHESISE A DESIRED CHEMICAL COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION OR TO SEPARATE OPTICAL ISOMERS FROM A RACEMIC MIXTURE
7Preparation of oxygen-containing organic compounds
02containing a hydroxy group
04acyclic
18polyhydric
C12P 7/24
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
PFERMENTATION OR ENZYME-USING PROCESSES TO SYNTHESISE A DESIRED CHEMICAL COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION OR TO SEPARATE OPTICAL ISOMERS FROM A RACEMIC MIXTURE
7Preparation of oxygen-containing organic compounds
24containing a carbonyl group
C12N 9/04
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
9Enzymes, e.g. ligases (6.); Proenzymes; Compositions thereof; Processes for preparing, activating, inhibiting, separating, or purifying enzymes
02Oxidoreductases (1.), e.g. luciferase
04acting on CHOH groups as donors, e.g. glucose oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase (1.1)
C12N 15/52
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15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
11DNA or RNA fragments; Modified forms thereof
52Genes encoding for enzymes or proenzymes
C12N 9/88
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NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
9Enzymes, e.g. ligases (6.); Proenzymes; Compositions thereof; Processes for preparing, activating, inhibiting, separating, or purifying enzymes
88Lyases (4.)
CPC
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9Enzymes; Proenzymes; Compositions thereof
0004Oxidoreductases (1.)
0006acting on CH-OH groups as donors (1.1)
C12P 7/18
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
PFERMENTATION OR ENZYME-USING PROCESSES TO SYNTHESISE A DESIRED CHEMICAL COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION OR TO SEPARATE OPTICAL ISOMERS FROM A RACEMIC MIXTURE
7Preparation of oxygen-containing organic compounds
02containing a hydroxy group
04acyclic
18polyhydric
C12N 9/88
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NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
9Enzymes; Proenzymes; Compositions thereof
88Lyases (4.)
C12N 15/52
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
11DNA or RNA fragments; Modified forms thereof
52Genes encoding for enzymes or proenzymes
C12P 7/24
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12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
PFERMENTATION OR ENZYME-USING PROCESSES TO SYNTHESISE A DESIRED CHEMICAL COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION OR TO SEPARATE OPTICAL ISOMERS FROM A RACEMIC MIXTURE
7Preparation of oxygen-containing organic compounds
24containing a carbonyl group
C12Y 101/01001
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YENZYMES
101Oxidoreductases acting on the CH-OH group of donors (1.1)
01with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor (1.1.1)
01001Alcohol dehydrogenase (1.1.1.1)
Applicants THE GOVERNING COUNCIL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO
Inventors Radhakrishnan Mahadevan
Alexander Yakunin
Pratish Gawand
Kayla Nemr
Agents Hamilton, Brook, Smith & Reynolds, P.C.
Title
(EN) Methods and microorganisms for the production of 1,3-butanediol
Abstract
(EN)

A non-naturally occurring microorganism having a 1,3-BDO pathway is provided. The microorganism expresses at least one of the following 1,3-BDO pathway enzymes: an aldolase that catalyzes condensation of two acetaldehydes to produce 3-hydroxybutanal; and an aldo-ketoreductase, oxidoreductase, aldehyde reductase or alcohol dehydrogenase that reduces 3-hydroxybutanal to 1,3-BDO. The organism may further express one or more enzymes for producing acetaldehyde. A biosynthetic process involves condensing two acetaldehyde molecules to 3-hydroxybutanal using an enzyme from class aldolases; and selectively reducing 3-hydroxybutanal to 1,3-BDO using an enzyme belonging to the class aldo-ketoreductase, oxidoreductase, aldehyde reductase or alcohol dehydrogenase. The process can further include producing acetaldehyde by a biosynthetic method.