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1. (US20180177557) MOUNTING DEVICE FOR SURGICAL SYSTEMS AND METHOD OF USE
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Claims

1. A surgical mounting device comprising:
a first arm and a second arm pivotable between a closed configuration in which the first and second arms grip a patient access device inserted therebetween and an open configuration in which a portion of the first and second arms are spaced further apart from each other than in the closed configuration; and
a drive member coupled between the first and second arms, the drive member driving the arms to the closed configuration when the patient access device is inserted between the arms in the open configuration and pressed against the drive member.
2. The surgical mounting device of claim 1, further comprising:
a surgical robotic arm having an end portion positioned near a surgical access site on the patient, the first and second arms protruding from the end portion of the surgical robotic arm; and
a release mechanism biasing the first and the second arms toward the open configuration when actuated.
3. The surgical mounting device of claim 2, wherein the release mechanism defines an actuation pivot point, such that the release mechanism is pivotable between a non-actuated position and an actuated position.
4. The surgical mounting device of claim 2, wherein the release mechanism includes a hooked end cooperatively engaging with a surface of the drive member in an actuated position.
5. The surgical mounting device of claim 2, wherein the release mechanism includes a chamfered profile engaging with a proximal surface of the drive member in an actuated position.
6. The surgical mounting device of claim 2, wherein the release mechanism is biased towards a non-actuated position.
7. The surgical mounting device of claim 6, wherein the release mechanism includes two release mechanisms disposed on opposing sides of the housing, actuation of both biases of the first and the second arms toward the open configuration.
8. The surgical mounting device of claim 6, wherein release mechanism includes two release mechanisms disposed on opposing sides of the housing, actuation of either biases the first and the second arms toward the open configuration.
9. The surgical mounting device of claim 1, wherein the first and second arms have an arcuate surface corresponding to an arcuate surface of the patient access device gripped by the arms.
10. A surgical mounting device for selectively gripping a patient access device therein, the surgical mounting device comprising:
a housing;
a clamping assembly supported in the housing and extending therefrom, the clamping assembly including:
a plunger assembly supported on the housing and including a drive member disposed in the housing coupled to a middle segment disposed distal to the housing, wherein the drive member and middle segment simultaneously translate between a proximal position and a distal position with respect to the housing; and
a first and second arm supported by the housing and including a proximal portion disposed in the housing and a distal portion extending therefrom, each of the first and second arms coupled at the proximal end to the drive member and pivotable with respect to the housing between an open position and a closed position, wherein in the open position the first and second arms are spaced apart relative to one another and in the closed position the first and second arms are in an approximated position relative to one another,
wherein the clamping assembly is transitionable between an unlocked configuration and a locked configuration, such that in the unlocked configuration the drive member and the middle segment are in the distal position and the first and second arms are in the open position, and in the locked configuration the drive member and middle segment are in the proximal position and the first and second arms are in the closed position, and
at least one release mechanism, the at least one release mechanism including:
a contact surface disposed in the housing; and
an articulation member in operative communication with the contact surface, a portion of the articulation member disposed externally from the housing,
wherein the at least one release mechanism is transitionable between an initial position and a release position, such that in the initial position the contact surface is spaced away from the drive member, and in the release position the contact surface is in abutment with the drive member, the release position translating the drive member into the distal position, such that the clamping assembly is transitioned into the unlocked configuration.
11. The surgical mounting device claim 10, wherein the at least one release mechanism including two release mechanisms disposed in opposite sides of the housing.
12. The surgical mounting device of claim 10, wherein each of the first and second arms further include an arcuate surface on the distal portion, and wherein the middle segment further includes an arcuate surface on a distally facing surface.
13. The surgical mounting device of claim 12, wherein the first arm, the second arm, and the middle segment further includes a protruding ridge disposed on each of the arcuate surfaces.
14. The surgical mounting device of claim 10, wherein the clamping assembly further includes at least one biasing member coupled between the proximal end of each of the first and second arms.
15. The surgical mounting device of claim 14, wherein the at least one biasing member bias the first and second arms into the open position, and bias the drive member and middle segment coupled therewith into the distal position.
16. The surgical mounting device of claim 10, wherein each of the first and second arms further include a pivot point disposed distal to the proximal end, such that pivoting the arms from the open position to the closed position translates the drive member and middle segment coupled therewith from the distal position to the proximal position transitioning the clamping assembly into the locked configuration.
17. The surgical mounting device of claim 10, wherein the middle segment translates from the proximal position to the distal position, such that the drive member coupled therewith translates distally and the first and second arms pivot from the open position to the closed position transitioning the clamping assembly into the locked configuration.
18. The surgical mounting device of claim 10, wherein the plunger assembly further includes a biasing member disposed between the middle segment and the drive member, such that the middle segment is biased distally with respect to the drive member.
19. The surgical mounting device of claim 10, wherein the at least one release mechanism further includes a biasing member such that the at least one release mechanism is biased into the initial condition.
20. A method of mounting an access device to a surgical system via a surgical mounting device, the method comprising:
responsive to positioning the access device into abutment with a middle segment situated between a pair of arms extending distally from a housing of the surgical mounting device on opposing sides of the middle segment, translating a driving mechanism slidably disposed in the housing and operably coupled to the middle segment from a distal position to a proximal position; and
responsive to translating the driving mechanism, pivoting the pair of arms coupled at a proximal end to the drive mechanism from a spaced apart position relative to one another to an approximated position relative to one another.
21. The method of claim 20, wherein the drive mechanism is translated into the proximal position and the pair of arms are pivoted into the approximated position responsive to depressing the middle segment with the access device.
22. The method of claim 20, further comprising gripping the access device with the pair of arms responsive to pivoting the pair of arms while the access device is positioned therebetween.
23. The method of claim 20, further comprising, responsive to translating a release mechanism into a release position:
abutting a contact surface of the release mechanism with the driving mechanism;
translating the driving mechanism into the distal position;
translating the middle segment into the distal position; and
pivoting the pair of arms into the spaced apart configuration.