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1. US20180198142 - Fuel cell system

Office
United States of America
Application Number 15741711
Application Date 08.07.2015
Publication Number 20180198142
Publication Date 12.07.2018
Grant Number 10374241
Grant Date 06.08.2019
Publication Kind B2
IPC
H01M 8/04701
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
04298Processes for controlling fuel cells or fuel cell systems
04694characterised by variables to be controlled
04701Temperature
H01M 4/86
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
H01M 8/0612
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
0606with means for production of gaseous reactants
0612from carbon-containing material
H01M 8/1253
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
12operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
124characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte
1246the electrolyte consisting of oxides
1253the electrolyte containing zirconium oxide
H01M 8/2425
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
24Grouping of fuel cells, e.g. stacking of fuel cells
241with solid or matrix-supported electrolytes
2425High-temperature cells with solid electrolytes
H01M 8/0637
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
0606with means for production of gaseous reactants
0612from carbon-containing material
0637Direct internal reforming at the anode of the fuel cell
CPC
H01M 4/86
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
H01M 8/04738
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
04298Processes for controlling fuel cells or fuel cell systems
04694characterised by variables to be controlled
04701Temperature
04738of auxiliary devices, e.g. reformer, compressor, burner
H01M 4/8636
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
8636with a gradient in another property than porosity
H01M 4/8642
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
8636with a gradient in another property than porosity
8642Gradient in composition
H01M 4/8652
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
8647consisting of more than one material, e.g. consisting of composites
8652as mixture
H01M 8/0618
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
0606with means for production of gaseous reactants
0612from carbon-containing material
0618Reforming processes, e.g. autothermal, partial oxidation or steam reforming
Applicants NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
Inventors Tatsuya Yaguchi
Motohisa Kamijo
Agents Foley & Lardner LLP
Title
(EN) Fuel cell system
Abstract
(EN)

The present invention comprises a plurality of fuel cells connected to each other in series, and a reformer configured to reform raw fuel, wherein reformed fuel by the reformer is supplied to a first stage of the plurality of fuel cells, and the fuel cell on the first stage is provided with a methane reaction suppressing function which suppresses reaction of methane included in the reformed fuel to a larger extent than at least one fuel cell on a second and later stages. Suppressing temperature drop due to endothermic reaction in the fuel cell on the first stage can improve the efficiency of electric power generation of the fuel cell system having the plurality of fuel cells arranged in series.