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1. US09612123 - Adaptive mapping to navigate autonomous vehicles responsive to physical environment changes

Office
United States of America
Application Number 14932963
Application Date 04.11.2015
Publication Number 09612123
Publication Date 04.04.2017
Grant Number
Grant Date 04.04.2017
Publication Kind B1
IPC
G01C 21/32
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
28with correlation of data from several navigational instruments
30Map- or contour-matching
32Structuring or formatting of map data
G06F 17/50
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
17Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
50Computer-aided design
G01C 21/26
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
G06K 9/62
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
9Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints
62Methods or arrangements for recognition using electronic means
G05D 1/02
GPHYSICS
05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
1Control of position, course, altitude, or attitude of land, water, air, or space vehicles, e.g. automatic pilot
02Control of position or course in two dimensions
G01S 13/93
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
13Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
88Radar or analogous systems, specially adapted for specific applications
93for anti-collision purposes
CPC
G01C 21/32
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C19/00
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
28with correlation of data from several navigational instruments
30Map- or contour-matching
32Structuring or formatting of map data
G01S 5/0018
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
5Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
0009Transmission of position information to remote stations
0018Transmission from mobile station to base station
G01S 5/16
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
5Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
16using electromagnetic waves other than radio waves
G01S 7/4972
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
7Details of systems according to groups G01S13/00, G01S15/00, G01S17/00
48of systems according to group G01S17/00
497Means for monitoring or calibrating
4972Alignment of sensor
G01S 13/865
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
13Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
86Combinations of radar systems with non-radar systems, e.g. sonar, direction finder
865Combination of radar systems with lidar systems
G01S 13/867
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
13Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
86Combinations of radar systems with non-radar systems, e.g. sonar, direction finder
867Combination of radar systems with cameras
Applicants Zoox, Inc.
Inventors Jesse Sol Levinson
Gabriel Thurston Sibley
Agents Lee & Hayes, PLLC
Title
(EN) Adaptive mapping to navigate autonomous vehicles responsive to physical environment changes
Abstract
(EN)

Various embodiments relate generally to autonomous vehicles and associated mechanical, electrical and electronic hardware, computer software and systems, and wired and wireless network communications to provide map data for autonomous vehicles. In particular, a method may include accessing subsets of multiple types of sensor data, aligning subsets of sensor data relative to a global coordinate system based on the multiple types of sensor data to form aligned sensor data, and generating datasets of three-dimensional map data. The method further includes detecting a change in data relative to at least two datasets of the three-dimensional map data and applying the change in data to form updated three-dimensional map data. The change in data may be representative of a state change of an environment at which the sensor data is sensed. The state change of the environment may be related to the presence or absences of an object located therein.


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