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1. US20170016179 - CATALYTIC BIOMASS CONVERSION

Office United States of America
Application Number 15180845
Application Date 13.06.2016
Publication Number 20170016179
Publication Date 19.01.2017
Publication Kind A1
IPC
D21C 3/22
DTEXTILES; PAPER
21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
CPRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE BY REMOVING NON-CELLULOSE SUBSTANCES FROM CELLULOSE- CONTAINING MATERIALS; REGENERATION OF PULPING LIQUORS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
3Pulping cellulose-containing materials
22Other features of pulping processes
C08B 15/08
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
BPOLYSACCHARIDES; DERIVATIVES THEREOF
15Preparation of other cellulose derivatives or modified cellulose
08Fractionation of cellulose, e.g. separation of cellulose crystallites
B01J 37/12
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
37Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
12Oxidising
B01J 37/03
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
37Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
02Impregnation, coating or precipitation
03Precipitation; Co-precipitation
D21C 9/16
DTEXTILES; PAPER
21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
CPRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE BY REMOVING NON-CELLULOSE SUBSTANCES FROM CELLULOSE- CONTAINING MATERIALS; REGENERATION OF PULPING LIQUORS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
9After-treatment of cellulose pulp, e.g. of wood pulp, or cotton linters
10Bleaching
16with per compounds
B01J 23/889
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
23Catalysts comprising metals or metal oxides or hydroxides, not provided for in group B01J21/113
70of the iron group metals or copper
76combined with metals, oxides or hydroxides provided for in groups B01J23/02-B01J23/36118
84with arsenic, antimony, bismuth, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, polonium, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, technetium or rhenium
889Manganese, technetium or rhenium
CPC
D21C 3/222
DTEXTILES; PAPER
21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
CPRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE BY REMOVING NON-CELLULOSE SUBSTANCES FROM CELLULOSE-CONTAINING MATERIALS; REGENERATION OF PULPING LIQUORS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
3Pulping cellulose-containing materials
22Other features of pulping processes
222Use of compounds accelerating the pulping processes
D21C 9/163
DTEXTILES; PAPER
21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
CPRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE BY REMOVING NON-CELLULOSE SUBSTANCES FROM CELLULOSE-CONTAINING MATERIALS; REGENERATION OF PULPING LIQUORS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
9After-treatment of cellulose pulp, e.g. of wood pulp, or cotton linters ; ; Treatment of dilute or dewatered pulp or process improvement taking place after obtaining the raw cellulosic material and not provided for elsewhere
10Bleaching ; ; Apparatus therefor
16with per compounds
163with peroxides
B01J 23/8892
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
23Catalysts comprising metals or metal oxides or hydroxides, not provided for in group B01J21/00
70of the iron group metals or copper
76combined with metals, oxides or hydroxides provided for in groups B01J23/02 - B01J23/36
84with arsenic, antimony, bismuth, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, polonium, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, technetium or rhenium
889Manganese, technetium or rhenium
8892Manganese
B01J 37/12
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
37Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
12Oxidising
B01J 37/031
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
37Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
02Impregnation, coating or precipitation
03Precipitation; Co-precipitation
031Precipitation
C08B 15/08
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
BPOLYSACCHARIDES; DERIVATIVES THEREOF
15Preparation of other cellulose derivatives or modified cellulose ; , e.g. complexes
08Fractionation of cellulose, e.g. separation of cellulose crystallites
Applicants NANO-GREEN BIOREFINERIES INC.
Inventors Andrew A. OLKOWSKI
Bernard LAARVELD
Norman ARRISON
Title
(EN) CATALYTIC BIOMASS CONVERSION
Abstract
(EN)

A biorefining method of processing a lignocellulosic biomass to separate lignin and hemicellulose from cellulose includes the steps of (a) reacting the biomass in an aqueous slurry having a pH less than 7, comprising a transition metal catalyst, hydrogen peroxide; and (b)

separating a solid cellulose fraction from dissolved lignin and hemicellulose fractions. The method may also be used to treat cellulose and produce microcrystalline or nanocrystalline cellulose. The transition metal catalyst may be a nanoparticulate catalyst including multivalent iron, iron oxides and iron hydroxides. The nanoparticulate catalyst may be formed by oxidizing a highly reduced solution of iron, such as groundwater that has not been exposed to oxygen.