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1. US20160359142 - Pixel structure, display device and manufacturing method of pixel structure

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A pixel structure comprising:
a first insulation layer;
a luminescent unit disposed on the first insulation layer and comprising a first electrode layer, a luminescent layer and a second electrode layer;
a pixel defining layer configured for defining a pixel aperture, in which the luminescent unit is disposed; and
a reflective assembly disposed around the pixel defining layer so as to reflect light entering the pixel defining layer from the luminescent layer to exit from an exit surface of the pixel structure;
wherein the reflective assembly comprises a reflective layer, the reflective layer and the first electrode layer are formed in the same layer and made from the same material, and the reflective layer is disconnected from the first electrode layer.
2. The pixel structure of claim 1, wherein:
the reflective assembly further comprises:
a second insulation layer located at the periphery of the pixel defining layer and disposed on the first insulation layer; and
a groove formed between the second insulation layer and the pixel defining layer; and
the reflective layer is disposed at a side of the groove located at the second insulation layer to reflect the light transmitted through the pixel defining layer.
3. The pixel structure of claim 2, wherein a bottom of the groove extends into at least a portion of the thickness of the first insulation layer.
4. The pixel structure of claim 2, wherein the second insulation layer and the pixel defining layer are formed in the same layer and made from the same material, and the second insulation layer has the same height as the pixel defining layer.
5. The pixel structure of claim 2, wherein the second insulation layer and the pixel defining layer are formed in the same layer and made from the same material, and the height of the second insulation layer is larger than the height of the pixel defining layer.
6. The pixel structure of claim 2, wherein the reflective layer has a surface of bowl shape.
7. The pixel structure of claim 1, wherein the pixel defining layer covers outer edges of the first electrode layer.
8. The pixel structure of claim 1, wherein the height of the second insulation layer is larger than the height of the pixel defining layer.
9. The pixel structure of claim 1, wherein:
the reflective assembly further comprises a second insulation layer located at the periphery of the pixel defining layer and disposed on the first insulation layer;
the reflective layer is disposed on an inner wall of the second insulation layer facing towards the pixel defining layer side to reflect the light emitted from the pixel defining layer; and
an outer surface of the pixel defining layer contacts the reflective layer.
10. A display device comprising the pixel structure according to claim 1.
11. A manufacturing method of a pixel structure, each pixel structure comprising a pixel defining layer and a luminescent unit disposed in a pixel aperture of the pixel defining layer, wherein the manufacturing method comprises steps of:
forming a first insulation layer on a substrate;
forming a first electrode layer of the luminescent unit on the first insulation layer;
forming an insulation film surrounding the first electrode layer on the first insulation layer;
forming a reflective assembly on the insulation film; and
forming a luminescent layer and a second electrode layer on the first electrode layer inside the reflective assembly such that the reflective assembly reflects light entering the pixel defining layer from the luminescent layer to exit from an exit surface of the pixel structure;
wherein the step of forming an insulation film surrounding the first electrode layer on the first insulation layer comprises forming the insulation film with stepped portions thereon, a height of the stepped portions located inside being less than that located outside.
12. The manufacturing method of claim 11, wherein the step of forming a reflective assembly on the insulation film comprises:
forming an annular groove on the insulation film through a patterning process so as to separate the insulation film into a second insulation layer located outside and the pixel defining layer located inside;
forming a reflective layer on a wall of the groove located outside.
13. The manufacturing method of claim 12, wherein a bottom of the groove extends into at least a portion of a thickness of the first insulation layer.
14. The manufacturing method of claim 11, wherein the step of forming an insulation film surrounding the first electrode layer on the first insulation layer comprises forming the insulation film to cover outer edges of the first electrode layer.
15. A manufacturing method of a pixel structure, comprising steps of:
forming a first insulation layer on a substrate;
forming an annular second insulation layer on the first insulation layer;
forming a first electrode layer and a reflective layer through a single patterning process, wherein the first electrode layer is formed on the first insulation layer, the reflective layer extends from the first insulation layer to an inner surface of the second insulation layer, and the first electrode layer is disconnected from the reflective layer;
forming a pixel defining layer on outer edges of the first electrode layer; and
forming a luminescent layer and a second electrode layer on the first electrode layer such that the reflective layer reflects light entering the pixel defining layer from the luminescent layer to exit from an exit surface of the pixel structure.
16. The manufacturing method of claim 15, wherein the step of forming a pixel defining layer on outer edges of the first electrode layer comprises forming a groove between an outer surface of the pixel defining layer and an inner surface of the second insulation layer.
17. The manufacturing method of claim 15, wherein the step of forming a pixel defining layer on outer edges of the first electrode layer comprises enabling an outer surface of the pixel defining layer to contact the reflective layer on an inner surface of the second insulation layer.
18. The manufacturing method of claim 15, wherein the step of forming a pixel defining layer on outer edges of the first electrode layer comprises forming the pixel defining layer with a height less than a height of the second insulation layer.