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1. US20160245779 - Evaluation tool for concentric wellbore casings

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A system, comprising:
one or more first electromagnetic coils configured to:
generate and direct first excitation signals toward a plurality of concentric casings in a wellbore, wherein the one or more first electromagnetic coils are placed at axial positions along at least one of the plurality of concentric casings; and
receive response signals based on the excitation signals;
a magnetic field source configured to generate a static magnetic field in a particular casing of the plurality of concentric casings;
a magnetometer configured to receive response signals based on the static magnetic field in the particular casing; and
one or more processors configured to:
receive a first response signal from the one or more electromagnetic coils;
receive a second response signal from the magnetometer; and
determine, based on the first response signal and the second response signal, whether a defect exists in the plurality of concentric casings.
2. The system of claim 1, wherein:
the plurality of concentric casings comprise an inner casing and outer casings;
determining whether a defect exists on the inner casing of the plurality of concentric casings is based on the second response signal; and
determining whether a defect exists on outer casings of the concentric plurality of casings is based on the first response signal.
3. The system of claim 2, wherein determining whether a defect exists on the inner casing of the plurality of concentric casings is further based on the first response signal.
4. The system of claim 1, wherein the magnetic field source comprises the one or more first electromagnetic coils.
5. The system of claim 4, wherein the first excitation signals and the static magnetic field are generated using the same electromagnetic coil.
6. The system of claim 4, wherein the first excitation signals and the static magnetic field are generated using different electromagnetic coils.
7. The system of claim 1, wherein the magnetic field source comprises a permanent magnet.
8. The system of claim 1, wherein the magnetometer comprises one or more pick-up coils.
9. The system of claim 1, wherein the magnetometer comprises one or more Hall-effect sensors.
10. The system of claim 1, wherein:
the system further comprises one or more second electromagnetic coils configured to:
generate and direct second excitation signals toward the particular casing; and
receive response signals based on the second excitation signals;
the one or more processors are further configured to:
receive a third response signal from the one or more second electromagnetic coils; and
determine whether a defect exists in the plurality of concentric casings using the first response signal, the second response signal, and the third response signal.
11. A method, comprising:
generating and directing first excitation signals toward a plurality of concentric casings in a wellbore using one or more first electromagnetic coils, wherein the one or more first electromagnetic coils are placed at axial positions along at least one of the plurality of concentric casings; and
receiving first response signals from the one or more first electromagnetic coils based on the first excitation signals;
generating a static magnetic field in a particular casing of the plurality of concentric casings using a magnetic field source;
receiving second response signals from a magnetometer based on the static magnetic field in the particular casing; and
determining, based on the first response signals and the second response signals, whether a defect exists in the plurality of concentric casings.
12. The method of claim 11, wherein:
the plurality of concentric casings comprise an inner casing and outer casings;
determining whether a defect exists on the inner casing of the plurality of concentric casings is based on the second response signal; and
determining whether a defect exists on outer casings of the plurality of concentric casings is based on the first response signal.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein determining whether a defect exists on the inner casing of the plurality of concentric casings is further based on the first response signal.
14. The method of claim 11, wherein the magnetic field source comprises the one or more first electromagnetic coils.
15. The method of claim 14, wherein the first excitation signals and the static magnetic field are generated using the same electromagnetic coil.
16. The method of claim 14, wherein the first excitation signals and the static magnetic field are generated using different electromagnetic coils.
17. The method of claim 11, wherein the magnetic field source comprises a permanent magnet.
18. The method of claim 11, wherein the magnetometer comprises one or more pick-up coils.
19. The method of claim 11, wherein the magnetometer comprises one or more Hall-effect sensors.
20. The method of claim 11, further comprising:
generating and directing second excitation signals toward the particular casing using one or more second electromagnetic coils;
receiving third response signals from the one or more second electromagnetic coils based on the second excitation signals; and
determining whether a defect exists in the plurality of concentric casings using the first response signal, the second response signal, and the third response signal.
21. A system, comprising:
one or more first electromagnetic coils configured to:
generate and direct first excitation signals toward a plurality of concentric casings in a wellbore, wherein the one or more first electromagnetic coils are placed at axial positions along at least one of the plurality of concentric casings; and
receive response signals based on the first excitation signals;
one or more second electromagnetic coils configured to:
generate and direct second excitation signals toward a particular casing of the plurality of concentric casings; and
receive response signals based on the second excitation signals;
one or more processors configured to:
receive a first response signal from the one or more first electromagnetic coils;
receive a second response signal from the one or more second electromagnetic coils; and
determine, based on the first response signal and the second response signal, whether a defect exists in the plurality of concentric casings in the wellbore.
22. The system of claim 21, wherein the second excitation signals include electromagnetic pulses.
23. The system of claim 22, wherein the spectral range of the electromagnetic pulses is within the range of 100 KHz and 10 MHz.
24. The system of claim 21, wherein:
the plurality of concentric casings comprise an inner casing and outer casings;
determining whether a defect exists on the inner casing of the plurality of concentric casings is based on the second response signal; and
determining whether a defect exists on outer casings of the plurality of concentric casings is based on the first response signal.
25. The system of claim 24, wherein determining whether a defect exists on the inner casing of the plurality of concentric casings is further based on the first response signal.
26. The system of claim 21, wherein the one or more first electromagnetic coils are the same as the one or more second electromagnetic coils.
27. The system of claim 21, wherein the one or more first electromagnetic coils are different from the one or more second electromagnetic coils.
28. The system of claim 21, wherein the system further comprises a magnetic field source configured to generate a static magnetic field in the particular casing of the plurality of concentric casings.
29. The system of claim 28, wherein the magnetic field source comprises the one or more first electromagnetic coils.
30. The system of claim 28, wherein the magnetic field source comprises a permanent magnet.
31. The system of claim 28, wherein:
the system further comprises a magnetometer configured to receive response signals based on the static magnetic field in the particular casing; and
the one or more processors are further configured to:
receive a third response signal from the magnetometer; and
determine whether a defect exists in the plurality of concentric casings using the first response signal, the second response signal, and the third response signal.
32. A method, comprising:
generating and directing first excitation signals toward a plurality of concentric casings in a wellbore using one or more first electromagnetic coils, wherein the one or more first electromagnetic coils are placed at axial positions along at least one of the plurality of concentric casings; and
receiving first response signals from the one or more first electromagnetic coils based on the first excitation signals;
generating and directing second excitation signals toward a particular casing of the plurality of concentric casings using one or more second electromagnetic coils; and
receiving second response signals from the one or more second electromagnetic coils based on the second excitation signals;
determining, based on the first response signals and the second response signals, whether a defect exists in the plurality of concentric casings.
33. The method of claim 32, wherein the second excitation signals include electromagnetic pulses.
34. The method of claim 33, wherein the spectral range of the electromagnetic pulses is within the range of 100 KHz and 10 MHz.
35. The method of claim 32, wherein:
the plurality of concentric casings comprise an inner casing and outer casings;
determining whether a defect exists on the inner casing of the plurality of concentric casings is based on the second response signal; and
determining whether a defect exists on outer casings of the plurality of concentric casings is based on the first response signal.
36. The method of claim 35, wherein determining whether a defect exists on the inner casing of the plurality of concentric casings is further based on the first response signal.
37. The method of claim 32, wherein the one or more first electromagnetic coils are the same as the one or more second electromagnetic coils.
38. The method of claim 32, wherein the one or more first electromagnetic coils are different from the one or more second electromagnetic coils.
39. The method of claim 32, further comprising generating a static magnetic field in the particular casing of the plurality of concentric casings using a magnetic field source.
40. The method of claim 39, wherein the magnetic field source comprises the one or more first electromagnetic coils.
41. The method of claim 39, wherein the magnetic field source comprises a permanent magnet.
42. The method of claim 39, further comprising:
receiving third response signals from a magnetometer based on the static magnetic field in the particular casing; and
determining whether a defect exists in the plurality of concentric casings using the first response signal, the second response signal, and the third response signal.