Some content of this application is unavailable at the moment.
If this situation persists, please contact us atFeedback&Contact
1. (US20160109467) Microfluidic devices and methods for performing serum separation and blood cross-matching
Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

Claims

1. A microfluidic device comprising:
a) a fluid separation subcircuit comprising:
i) a microfluidic channel having a first end and a second end;
ii) a sample inlet fluidly connected to the first end of the microfluidic channel configured for receiving a blood sample;
iii) a composite membrane interposed between the sample inlet and the first end of the microfluidic channel, wherein the composite membrane is capable of activating blood coagulation and removing selected particles from the blood, wherein the composite membrane comprises a glass fiber filter; and
iv) an on-device pump fluidly connected to the second end of the microfluidic channel; and
b) a solute mixing subcircuit comprising:
i) a serpentine mixing channel, said mixing channel having a first end and a second end and having a critical length for enabling solute mixture by diffusion;
ii) first, second, and third intake channels fluidly joined to said first end of said mixing channel at a staging union; said first intake channel for conveying a first fluid, said second intake channel for conveying a second fluid, and said third intake channel for conveying a third fluid; wherein said staging union is configured with micro-passive valves for simultaneously releasing said first, second, and third fluids into said staging union and into said mixing channel, and for simultaneously mixing said first second, and third fluids in said staging union and in said mixing channel;
iii) a downstream channel fluidly joined to the second end of said mixing channel, wherein the downstream channel has a width greater than the width of the mixing channel;
iv) a pump for controlledly initiating fluid flow across said micro-passive valves, wherein said pump is fluidly connected to said downstream channel, and initiates flow by a suction stroke; and
v) a vent terminating said downstream channel,
wherein the fluid separation subcircuit and solute mixing subcircuits are fluidly connected.
2. The microfluidic device of claim 1, wherein the composite membrane comprises at least two membranes.
3. The microfluidic device of claim 1, wherein the composite membrane further comprises a porous membrane.
4. The microfluidic device of claim 1, wherein the composite filter further comprises an activator of blood coagulation.
5. A method for performing a cross match of a donor blood sample and a recipient blood sample, the method comprising:
a) introducing the donor blood sample into the sample inlet of the microfluidic device of claim 1 and contacting the donor blood sample with the composite membrane to separate donor serum from the donor blood sample;
b) contacting the donor serum with the recipient blood sample in the mixing channel; and
c) observing the presence or absence of an agglutination reaction.
6. The microfluidic device of claim 1 wherein the first fluid comprises a particulate suspension of red blood cells, the second fluid comprises separated serum, and the third fluid comprises a diluent.
7. The microfluidic device of claim 1 wherein the composite membrane includes platelet activating factor.
8. The microfluidic device of claim 1 wherein the composite membrane includes collagen.
9. The microfluidic device of claim 1 wherein the composite membrane includes hollow beads.