Some content of this application is unavailable at the moment.
If this situation persist, please contact us atFeedback&Contact
1. (US20140324169) Multi-component non-biodegradable implant, a method of making and a method of implantation
Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

Claims

1. An implant suitable for implantation into a mammal for treatment, repair or replacement of a defect or injury in musculoskeletal tissue, comprising:
a. a solid hydrogel;
b. a porous hydrogel adjacent to the solid hydrogel; and
c. a porous rigid base attached only to the solid hydrogel;
wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous rigid base carry joint load, and the porous hydrogel and the porous rigid base allow for cellular migration into and around the implant and the solid hydrogel is attached or integrated with the porous rigid base by mechanical interlock or interdigitation and wherein prior to implantation, the implant is dehydrated such that the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size and/or change shape, and upon implantation, the implant rehydrates and the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel increase in size and/or regain their shapes, and, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates prior to the solid hydrogel, allowing the porous hydrogel to overhang the porous rigid base and be configured to create a press-fit with the defect or injury upon rehydration of the implant.
2. The implant of claim 1, wherein the solid hydrogel is made from a non-biodegradable polymer.
3. The implant of claim 2, wherein the non-biodegradable polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyacrylamide, polyethylene glycol, polyurethane, and combinations thereof.
4. The implant of claim 1, wherein the porous hydrogel is made from a non-biodegradable polymer.
5. The implant of claim 4, wherein the non-biodegradable polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyacrylamide, polyethylene glycol, polyurethane, and combinations thereof.
6. The implant of claim 1, wherein the porous rigid base is tapered at a bottom to facilitate implantation of the implant.
7. The implant of claim 6, wherein the taper at the bottom of the porous rigid base is about 1° to about 10°.
8. The implant of claim 7, wherein the taper is about 4°.
9. The implant of claim 1, wherein the porous rigid base has micropores ranging from about 150 to 500 μm in diameter.
10. The implant of claim 1, wherein the porous rigid base has one or more macropores.
11. The implant of claim 1, further comprising an agent selected from the group consisting of adhesives, cytokines, chemokines, chemoattractants, anti-inflammatory agents, pro-inflammatory agents, anti-infectious agents, bone or cartilage regenerator molecules, blood components, platelet rich plasma and combinations thereof.
12. The implant of claim 1, wherein the musculoskeletal tissue is chosen from the group consisting of cartilage, bone, tendon, ligaments, meniscus, temporomandibular joint, the discs a disc of the spine, and combinations thereof.
13. The implant of claim 12, wherein at least one of the combinations of musculoskeletal tissue is chosen from the group consisting of: cartilage and bone; tendon and bone; ligament and bone; and meniscus and bone.
14. The implant of claim 1, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates about one hour after implantation and the solid hydrogel rehydrates about two hours after implantation.
15. The implant of claim 1, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size about 46% of an original size after dehydration and increase to about 8% of the original size after rehydration.
16. The implant of claim 1, wherein the porous hydrogel is disposed radially outward relative to the solid hydrogel.
17. An implant suitable for implantation into a mammal for treatment, repair or replacement of a defect or injury in musculoskeletal tissue, comprising:
a. a solid hydrogel;
b. a porous hydrogel adjacent to the solid hydrogel such that the porous hydrogel completely surrounds a side wall of the solid hydrogel; and
c. a porous rigid base;
wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous rigid base carry joint load, and the porous hydrogel and the porous rigid base allow for cellular migration into and around the implant, and the porous rigid base has a step at a surface which integrates with the solid hydrogel, and wherein the solid hydrogel is attached or integrated with the porous rigid base by mechanical interlock or interdigitation and wherein prior to implantation, the implant is dehydrated such that the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size and/or change shape, and upon implantation, the implant rehydrates and the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel increase in size and/or regain their shapes, and, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates prior to the solid hydrogel, allowing the porous hydrogel to overhang the porous rigid base and be configured to create a press-fit with the defect or injury upon rehydration of the implant.
18. The implant of claim 17, wherein the solid hydrogel is made from a non-biodegradable polymer.
19. The implant of claim 18, wherein the non-biodegradable polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyacrylamide, polyethylene glycol, polyurethane, and combinations thereof.
20. The implant of claim 17, wherein the porous hydrogel is made from a non-biodegradable polymer.
21. The implant of claim 20, wherein the non-biodegradable polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyacrylamide, polyethylene glycol, polyurethane, and combinations thereof.
22. The implant of claim 17, wherein the porous rigid base is tapered at a bottom to facilitate implantation of the implant.
23. The implant of claim 22, wherein the taper at the bottom of the porous rigid base is about 1° to about 10°.
24. The implant of claim 23, wherein the taper is about 4°.
25. The implant of claim 17, wherein the porous rigid base has micropores ranging from about 150 to 500 μm in diameter.
26. The implant of claim 17, further comprising an agent selected from the group consisting of adhesives, cytokines, chemokines, chemoattractants, anti-inflammatory agents, pro-inflammatory agents, anti-infectious agents, bone or cartilage regenerator molecules, blood components, platelet rich plasma and combinations thereof.
27. The implant of claim 17, wherein the musculoskeletal tissue is chosen from the group consisting of cartilage, bone, tendon, ligaments, meniscus, temporomandibular joint, a disc of the spine, and combinations thereof.
28. The implant of claim 27, wherein at least one of the combinations of musculoskeletal tissue is chosen from the group consisting of: cartilage and bone; tendon and bone; ligament and bone; and meniscus and bone.
29. The implant of claim 17, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates about one hour after implantation and the solid hydrogel rehydrates about two hours after implantation.
30. The implant of claim 17, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size about 46% of an original size after dehydration and increase to about 8% of the original size after rehydration.
31. An implant suitable for implantation into a mammal for treatment, repair or replacement of an osteochondral defect or injury, comprising:
a. a solid hydrogel;
b. a porous hydrogel surrounding one or more sides of the solid hydrogel;
c. a porous rigid base; and
d. an interface between: (a) the solid hydrogel; and (b) the porous rigid base that prevents separation between: (a) the solid hydrogel; and (b) the porous rigid base, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous rigid base carry joint load, and the porous hydrogel and the porous rigid base allow for cellular migration into and around the implant, and the interface integrates the solid hydrogel with the porous rigid base by mechanical interlock or interdigitation and wherein prior to implantation, the implant is dehydrated such that the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size and/or change shape, and upon implantation, the implant rehydrates and the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel increase in size and/or regain their shapes, and the porous hydrogel rehydrates prior to the solid hydrogel, wherein the solid hydrogel, the porous hydrogel, and the porous rigid base are all in contact with one another.
32. The implant of claim 31, wherein the solid hydrogel is made from a non-biodegradable polymer.
33. The implant of claim 32, wherein the non-biodegradable polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyacrylamide, polyethylene glycol, polyurethane, and combinations thereof.
34. The implant of claim 31, wherein the porous hydrogel is made from a non-biodegradable polymer.
35. The implant of claim 34, wherein the non-biodegradable polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyacrylamide, polyethylene glycol, polyurethane, and combinations thereof.
36. The implant of claim 31, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel are made from polyvinyl alcohol.
37. The implant of claim 31, wherein the porous rigid base is tapered at a bottom to facilitate implantation of the implant.
38. The implant of claim 37, wherein the taper at the bottom of the porous rigid base is about 1° to about 10°.
39. The implant of claim 38, wherein the taper is about 4°.
40. The implant of claim 31, wherein the porous rigid base has micropores ranging from about 150 to 500 μm in diameter.
41. The implant of claim 31, wherein the interface is comprised of a high or low viscosity polymer.
42. The implant of claim 31, further comprising an agent selected from the group consisting of adhesives, cytokines, chemokines, chemoattractants, anti-inflammatory agents, pro-inflammatory agents, anti-infectious agents, bone or cartilage regenerator molecules, blood components, platelet rich plasma and combinations thereof.
43. The implant of claim 31, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates about one hour after implantation and the solid hydrogel rehydrates about two hours after implantation.
44. The implant of claim 31, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size about 46% of an original size after dehydration and increase to about 8% of the original size after rehydration.
45. The implant of claim 31, wherein the porous rigid base is attached only to the solid hydrogel.
46. An implant suitable for implantation into a mammal for treatment, repair or replacement of an osteochondral defect or injury, comprising:
a. a solid hydrogel;
b. a porous hydrogel surrounding one or more sides of the solid hydrogel;
c. a porous rigid base attached only to the solid hydrogel; and
d. an interface between: (a) the solid hydrogel; and (b) the porous rigid base that prevents separation between: (a) the solid hydrogel; and (b) the porous rigid base, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous rigid base carry joint load, and the porous hydrogel and the porous rigid base allow for cellular migration into and around the implant, and wherein the porous rigid base has one macropore and wherein the interface integrates the solid hydrogel with the porous rigid base by mechanical interlock or interdigitation and wherein prior to implantation, the implant is dehydrated such that the solid hydrogel and porous hydrogel decrease in size and/or change shape, and upon implantation, the implant rehydrates and the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel increase in size and/or regain their shapes, and, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates prior to the solid hydrogel, allowing the porous hydrogel to overhang the porous rigid base and be configured to create a press-fit with the defect or injury upon rehydration of the implant.
47. The implant of claim 46, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates about one hour after implantation and the solid hydrogel rehydrates about two hours after implantation.
48. The implant of claim 46, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size about 46% of an original size after dehydration and increase to about 8% of the original size after rehydration.
49. The implant of claim 46, wherein the porous hydrogel and the solid hydrogel form a hydrogel and are configured such that dehydration of the hydrogel causes a greater dimensional change in a top surface of the hydrogel compared to a dimensional change in a bottom surface of the hydrogel.
50. The implant of claim 49, wherein the hydrogel is configured such that dehydration causes a greater dimensional change in both the top and bottom surfaces of the hydrogel as compared to a height change in the hydrogel.
51. The implant of claim 46, wherein both the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel overhang the porous rigid base.
52. An implant suitable for implantation into a mammal for treatment, repair or replacement of an osteochondral defect or injury, comprising:
a. a solid hydrogel;
b. a porous hydrogel surrounding one or more sides of the solid hydrogel;
c. a porous rigid base; and
d. an interface between: (a) the solid hydrogel; and (b) the porous rigid base that prevents separation between: (a) the solid hydrogel; and (b) the porous rigid base, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous rigid base carry joint load, and the porous hydrogel and the porous rigid base allow for cellular migration into and around the implant and the porous rigid base has a step at a surface which integrates with the solid hydrogel, and wherein the interface integrates the solid hydrogel with the porous rigid base by mechanical interlock or interdigitation and wherein prior to implantation, the implant is dehydrated such that the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size and/or change shape, and form an inwardly tapered structure in a direction away from the porous rigid base, and upon implantation, the implant rehydrates and the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel increase in size and/or regain their shapes, and wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates prior to the solid hydrogel, allowing the porous hydrogel to expand relative to the porous rigid base and be configured to create a press-fit with a defect or injury upon rehydration of the implant.
53. The implant of claim 52, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates about one hour after implantation and the solid hydrogel rehydrates about two hours after implantation.
54. The implant of claim 52, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size about 46% of an original size thereof after dehydration and increase to about 8% of the original size after rehydration.
55. The implant of claim 52, wherein the porous hydrogel completely surrounds a side wall of the solid hydrogel while both a top surface and a bottom surface of the solid hydrogel are left uncovered.
56. A kit comprising:
a. an implant suitable for implantation into a mammal for treatment, repair or replacement of defects or injury in musculoskeletal tissue comprising: a solid hydrogel; a porous hydrogel adjacent to and located radially outward relative to the solid hydrogel; and a porous rigid base attached only to the solid hydrogel, wherein the solid hydrogel and the porous rigid base carry joint load, and the porous hydrogel and the porous rigid base allow for cellular migration into and around the implant and the solid hydrogel is integrated with the porous rigid base by mechanical interlock or interdigitation and wherein prior to implantation, the implant is dehydrated such that the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel decrease in size and/or change shape, and upon implantation, the implant rehydrates and the solid hydrogel and the porous hydrogel increase in size and/or regain their shapes, and, wherein the porous hydrogel rehydrates prior to the solid hydrogel, allowing the porous hydrogel to expand relative to the porous rigid base and be configured to create a press-fit with a defect or injury upon rehydration of the implant;
b. a concave curved alignment tool to match a surface curvature of a musculoskeletal tissue, the alignment tool being cannulated to allow a wire to pass through and be inserted perpendicular to a surface of the musculoskeletal tissue surrounding the defect or injury;
c. a cutting tool with an insert, said insert cannulated to fit over the wire to score edges of the musculoskeletal tissue surrounding the defect or injury; and
d. a delivery tube with a rod placed at one end, wherein the implant is placed on an opposite end.
57. The kit of claim 56 further comprising supplemental agents.
58. The kit of claim 57, wherein the supplemental agents are chosen from the group consisting of adhesives, cytokines, chemokines, chemoattractants, anti-inflammatory agents, pro-inflammatory agents, anti-infectious agents, bone or cartilage regenerator molecules, blood components, platelet rich plasma and combinations thereof.