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1. RS20160265 - VACUUMING SEDIMENT FROM ACCUMULATIONS

Office Serbia
Application Number 20160265
Application Date 21.04.2016
Publication Number 20160265
Publication Date 30.11.2017
Publication Kind A1
IPC
E02B 3/02
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL-SHIFTING
BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
3Engineering work in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering work in general
02Stream regulation, e.g. breaking up subaqueous rock, cleaning the beds of waterways, directing the water flow
E02B 9/00
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL-SHIFTING
BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
9Water-power plants; Layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same
CPC
E02B 3/023
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
3Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites
02Stream regulation, e.g. breaking up subaqueous rock, cleaning the beds of waterways, directing the water flow
023Removing sediments
E02B 9/00
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
9Water-power plants; Layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same
Y02A 10/00
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
10at coastal zones; at river basins
Y02E 10/20
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
10Energy generation through renewable energy sources
20Hydro energy
Applicants TESLA TOMISLAV
Inventors TESLA TOMISLAV
Priority Data 20160265 21.04.2016 RS
Title
(EN) VACUUMING SEDIMENT FROM ACCUMULATIONS
(SR) USISAVANJE NANOSA IZ AKUMULACIJA
Abstract
(EN)
Vacuuming sediment from accumulations is carried out by using equipment, where the position of deposit (17) is first determined in accumulation, then determine surface of deposit at bottom (16) to be removed. Working tube (22) is positioned in the zone of deposit, below the level (15) at certain horizontal depth and is arranged with a series of buoys (23) of working tube and cables (24) connected to position of working tube, then attached to corresponding distributor an automatic valve (21) and transport tube (19). Working tube (22) has flexible lateral movements in water, with its elements is connected by flexible couplings (25). Head (28) of suction tube (27) is connected to working tube (22) and is placed in suction position of deposit (17) in accumulation. Operating mode of head (28) of the suction tube with suction tube (27) is connected and positioned by means of corrector (29) of position of intake manifold and vessel (30) for intake position. At this stage, system is fully ready, networked, controlled with position of an expert in machine room (9), using appropriate equipment. An example of electricity generation, a device (18) for the low pressure in the water with aid of electronics and pumps, drains water into tube (11) over crown of dam, valve is opened at site of a regular turbine with tubes (8). Water in tube (11) over crown of dam is freely falling, pulling water of lawfully connected vessels from accumulation, respectively, moves and sucks deposits (17) in accumulation with water in dimensions of head (28) of suction tube. Water flow in tubes gets constant speed. Transport of water with deposits is via suction tube (27), working pipe (22), transport tube (19), tubes (11) over crown of dam, to the regular turbine with tubes (8), where water with sediment leaving to the river stream (5), under dam or in separation. Additional position, possible eastern water with deposits, is via tube (12) through body of the dam and tube (13) through the coast of accumulation.Such process has possibility of cleaning sludge on entire surface of accumulation, working tube (22) is transmitted, so that consolidated deposits can be removed from entire surface of bottom (16) of accumulation in technically feasible, practical and fast manner.

(SR)
Usisavanja nanosa iz akumulacija obavlja se pomoću opreme, gde se prvo utvrdi položaj nanosa (17) u akumulaciji, zatim se odredi površina nanosa na dnu (16) koju treba ukloniti. Radna cev (22) se postavlja u zoni nanosa, ispod nivoa (15) na određenoj horizontalnoj dubini, i postavljena je sa nizom plutača (23) radne cevi i sajlama (24) vezana za poziciju radne cevi, zatim se prikopča na odgovarajući razdelnik sa automatskim ventilom (21) i transportnom cevi (19). Radna cev (22) ima fleksibilne bočne pokrete u vodi, sa svojim elementima povezana je fleksibilnim spojnicama (25). Glava (28) usisne cevi (27) je povezana na radnu cev (22) i smeštena na poziciju usisavanja nanosa (17) u akumulaciji. Način rada glave (28) usisne cevi sa usisnom cevi (27) je povezan i pozicioniran pomoću korektora (29) pozicije usisnika i plovila (30) za poziciju usisnika. U toj fazi sistem je u potpunosti spreman, umrežen, kontrolisan sa pozicijom stručnog lica u mašinskoj sobi (9), pomoću odgovarajuće opreme. Primer proizvodnje električne energije, uređaj (18) za podpritisak vode uz pomoć elektronike i pumpe, naliva vodu u cev (11) preko krune brane, otvara se ventil na mestu redne turbine sa cevima (8). Voda u cevi (11) preko krune brane je pod slobodnim padom, povlači vodu zakonom spojenih sudova iz akumulacije, odnosno pomera i usisava nanos (17) u akumulaciji sa vodom u razmerama rada glave (28) usisne cevi. Protok vode u cevima dobija konstantnu brzinu. Transport vode sa nanosom je preko usisne cevi (27), radne cevi (22), transportne cevi (19), cevi (11) preko krune brane, do rednih turbina sa cevima (8), gde voda sa nanosom odlazi u rečni tok (5), ispod brane ili u separaciju. Dodatna pozicija, mogućeg istoka vode sa nanosom je preko cevi (12) kroz telo brane i cevi (13) kroz obalu akumulacije.Ovakav postupak ima mogućnost čišćenja mulja na celoj površini akumulacije, radna cev (22) je prenosiva, tako da se konsolidovani nanos može ukloniti sa celokupne površine dna (16) akumulacije na tehnički izvodljiv, praktičan i brz način.

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