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1. EP3964131 - SPECTRAL X-RAY MATERIAL DECOMPOSITION METHOD

Office
European Patent Office
Application Number 20194235
Application Date 03.09.2020
Publication Number 3964131
Publication Date 09.03.2022
Publication Kind A1
IPC
A61B 6/00
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
6Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment
G06K 9/62
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
9Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints
62Methods or arrangements for recognition using electronic means
G06N 3/04
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
NCOMPUTER SYSTEMS BASED ON SPECIFIC COMPUTATIONAL MODELS
3Computer systems based on biological models
02using neural network models
04Architecture, e.g. interconnection topology
CPC
A61B 6/4241
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
6Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment
42with arrangements for detecting radiation specially adapted for radiation diagnosis
4208characterised by using a particular type of detector
4241using energy resolving detectors, e.g. photon counting
G06N 3/0454
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
NCOMPUTER SYSTEMS BASED ON SPECIFIC COMPUTATIONAL MODELS
3Computer systems based on biological models
02using neural network models
04Architectures, e.g. interconnection topology
0454using a combination of multiple neural nets
G06K 9/6256
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
9Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints
62Methods or arrangements for recognition using electronic means
6217Design or setup of recognition systems and techniques; Extraction of features in feature space; Clustering techniques; Blind source separation
6256Obtaining sets of training patterns; Bootstrap methods, e.g. bagging, boosting
A61B 6/5205
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
6Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment
52Devices using data or image processing specially adapted for radiation diagnosis
5205involving processing of raw data to produce diagnostic data
A61B 6/482
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
6Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment
48Diagnostic techniques
482involving multiple energy imaging
G06N 3/084
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
NCOMPUTER SYSTEMS BASED ON SPECIFIC COMPUTATIONAL MODELS
3Computer systems based on biological models
02using neural network models
08Learning methods
084Back-propagation
Applicants KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS NV
Inventors SOSSIN ARTUR
BRENDEL BERNHARD JOHANNES
Designated States
Priority Data 20194235 03.09.2020 EP
Title
(DE) VERFAHREN ZUR ZERLEGUNG VON SPEKTRALEM RÖNTGENMATERIAL
(EN) SPECTRAL X-RAY MATERIAL DECOMPOSITION METHOD
(FR) DÉCOMPOSITION DE MATÉRIAU DE RAYONS X À SPECTRES
Abstract
(EN) A method for material decomposition of an object based on spectral X-ray scan data for the object and based on application of a frequency split approach. The method comprises using two AI models in parallel to perform the material decomposition analysis based on input spectral X-ray data, wherein the models are configured such that one exhibits higher bias and lower variance (lower noise) than the other. The input spectral X-ray data is fed to both models. The output material composition data from the low bias model is lowpass filtered and the output material composition data from the low variance model is high pass filtered. The outputs from the two models are linearly combined, either before the filtering or after. The resulting combined material decomposition data has both lower bias and lower noise compared to the output generated if just one AI model were to be used.
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