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1. EP2299256 - Microfabricated crossflow devices and methods

Office
European Patent Office
Application Number 10178333
Application Date 14.09.2001
Publication Number 2299256
Publication Date 23.03.2011
Publication Kind A3
IPC
G01N 15/14
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
15Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume or surface-area of porous materials
10Investigating individual particles
14Electro-optical investigation
B01L 3/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
3Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
B81B 1/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
81MICROSTRUCTURAL TECHNOLOGY
BMICROSTRUCTURAL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS, e.g. MICROMECHANICAL DEVICES
1Devices without movable or flexible elements, e.g. microcapillary devices
B81C 1/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
81MICROSTRUCTURAL TECHNOLOGY
CPROCESSES OR APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURAL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
1Manufacture or treatment of devices or systems in or on a substrate
G01N 15/00
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
15Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume or surface-area of porous materials
G01N 15/10
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
15Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume or surface-area of porous materials
10Investigating individual particles
CPC
C12Q 1/68
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms
68involving nucleic acids
B01L 3/502707
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
3Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware
50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
502with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures
5027by integrated microfluidic structures, i.e. dimensions of channels and chambers are such that surface tension forces are important, e.g. lab-on-a-chip
502707characterised by the manufacture of the container or its components
B01L 3/502715
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
3Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware
50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
502with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures
5027by integrated microfluidic structures, i.e. dimensions of channels and chambers are such that surface tension forces are important, e.g. lab-on-a-chip
502715characterised by interfacing components, e.g. fluidic, electrical, optical or mechanical interfaces
B01L 3/502761
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
3Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware
50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
502with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures
5027by integrated microfluidic structures, i.e. dimensions of channels and chambers are such that surface tension forces are important, e.g. lab-on-a-chip
502761specially adapted for handling suspended solids or molecules independently from the bulk fluid flow, e.g. for trapping or sorting beads, for physically stretching molecules
B01L 3/502784
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
3Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware
50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
502with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures
5027by integrated microfluidic structures, i.e. dimensions of channels and chambers are such that surface tension forces are important, e.g. lab-on-a-chip
502769characterised by multiphase flow arrangements
502784specially adapted for droplet or plug flow, e.g. digital microfluidics
B01L 2200/0647
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
2200Solutions for specific problems relating to chemical or physical laboratory apparatus
06Fluid handling related problems
0647Handling flowable solids, e.g. microscopic beads, cells, particles
Applicants CALIFORNIA INST OF TECHN
Inventors QUAKE STEPHEN R
THORSEN TODD
Designated States
Priority Data 01970932 14.09.2001 EP
23303700 15.09.2000 US
24679300 08.11.2000 US
Title
(DE) Miniaturisierte Querstromvorrichtungen und -Verfahren
(EN) Microfabricated crossflow devices and methods
(FR) Dispositifs de flux transversal microfabriqués et procédés
Abstract
(EN)
A microfluidic device for analyzing and/or sorting biological material (e.g., molecules such as polynucleotides and polypeptides, including proteins and enzymes; viruses and cells) and methods for its use are provided. The device and methods of the invention are useful for sorting particles, e.g. virions. The invention is also useful for high throughput screening, e.g. combinatorial screening. The microfluidic device comprises a main channel and an inlet region in communication with the main channel at a droplet extrusion region. Droplets of solution containing the biological material are deposited into the main channel through the droplet extrusion region. A fluid different from and incompatible with the solution containing the biological material flows through the main channel so that the droplets containing the biological material do not diffuse or mix. Biological material within the droplets can be analyzed and/or sorted by detecting a predetermined characteristic of the biological sample in each droplet and sorting the droplet accordingly.