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1. EP3007742 - ELECTROACTIVE ACTUATORS

Office European Patent Office
Application Number 14741348
Application Date 12.06.2014
Publication Number 3007742
Publication Date 20.04.2016
Publication Kind B1
IPC
A61M 1/10
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
1Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
10Blood pumps; Artificial hearts; Devices for mechanical circulatory assistance, e.g. intra-aortic balloon pumps
A61F 2/00
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
2Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
A61M 1/12
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
1Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
10Blood pumps; Artificial hearts; Devices for mechanical circulatory assistance, e.g. intra-aortic balloon pumps
12implantable into the body
CPC
A61F 2/0036
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
2Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
0004Closure means for urethra or rectum, i.e. anti-incontinence devices or support slings against pelvic prolapse
0031for constricting the lumen; Support slings for the urethra
0036implantable
A61F 2250/0001
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
2250Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
0001Means for transferring electromagnetic energy to implants
A61M 1/1001
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY
1Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
10Blood pumps; Artificial hearts; Devices for mechanical circulatory assistance, e.g. intra-aortic balloon pumps
1001General aspects of blood pumps irrespective of pump type
A61M 1/1005
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY
1Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
10Blood pumps; Artificial hearts; Devices for mechanical circulatory assistance, e.g. intra-aortic balloon pumps
1001General aspects of blood pumps irrespective of pump type
1005with means for making a blood flow pulsatile
A61M 1/1037
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY
1Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
10Blood pumps; Artificial hearts; Devices for mechanical circulatory assistance, e.g. intra-aortic balloon pumps
1037Pumps having flexible elements, e.g. with membranes, diaphragms, or bladder pumps
A61M 1/1043
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY
1Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
10Blood pumps; Artificial hearts; Devices for mechanical circulatory assistance, e.g. intra-aortic balloon pumps
1037Pumps having flexible elements, e.g. with membranes, diaphragms, or bladder pumps
1043Constructional features thereof
Applicants THE NOTTINGHAM TRENT UNIV
NOTTINGHAM UNIV HOSPITALS NHS TRUST
Inventors BREEDON PHILIP
COULTER FERGAL
RICHENS DAVID
Designated States
Priority Data 201310578 13.06.2013 GB
2014051813 12.06.2014 GB
Title
(DE) ELEKTROAKTIVE AKTUATOREN
(EN) ELECTROACTIVE ACTUATORS
(FR) ACTIONNEURS ÉLECTRO-ACTIFS
Abstract
(EN)
The invention relates to actuators based on electroactive polymeric materials for use in pumping fluids or in other applications where a contractile actuation is required, in particular although not necessarily exclusively for use in vascular pulsation devices such as a variable aortic tension device. Embodiments disclosed include an actuator ( 10) comprising: an inner tubular structure (15, 12); an outer tubular structure (13, 14) surrounding the inner tubular structure ( 5, 12) and comprising a plurality of layers of a dielectric elastomeric material ( 13) and a tubular elastic support structure ( 14), the elastic support structure (14) configured to maintain a pre-stress in the layers of the dielectric elastomeric material (13), wherein the outer tubular structure (13, 14) is configured to contract in a radial direction around the inner tubular structure (12, 15) upon application of an actuation voltage signal across the dielectric elastomeric material layers (13).

(FR)
L'invention concerne des actionneurs utilisant des matériaux polymères électro-actifs, que l'on utilise dans le pompage de fluides ou d'autres applications où un actionnement par contraction est nécessaire, notamment, mais pas nécessairement de manière exclusive, dans des dispositifs de pulsation vasculaire comme un dispositif de tension aortique variable. Les modes de réalisation portent sur un actionneur (10) comprenant : une structure tubulaire interne (15, 12); une structure tubulaire externe (13, 14) entourant la structure tubulaire interne (15, 12) et comprenant plusieurs couches d'un matériau élastomère diélectrique (13) et une structure de support élastique tubulaire (14), laquelle structure de support élastique tubulaire (14) est conçue pour maintenir une précontrainte dans les couches du matériau élastomère diélectrique (13), la structure tubulaire externe (13, 14) étant conçue pour se contracter dans une direction radiale autour de la structure tubulaire interne (15, 12) lors de l'application d'un signal de tension d'actionnement dans les couches de matériau élastomère diélectrique (13).