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1. EP2840184 - AERO-HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION

Office European Patent Office
Application Number 13777774
Application Date 01.02.2013
Publication Number 2840184
Publication Date 25.02.2015
Publication Kind A4
IPC
E02B 9/00
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL-SHIFTING
BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
9Water-power plants; Layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same
A01G 15/00
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
15Devices or methods for influencing weather conditions
CPC
A01G 15/00
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
15Devices or methods for influencing weather conditions
B01D 5/0027
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
5Condensation of vapours; Recovering volatile solvents by condensation
0027by direct contact between vapours or gases and the cooling medium
E02B 9/00
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
9Water-power plants; Layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same
E03B 3/28
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
3Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
28from humid air
Y02A 20/00
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
20Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
Y02E 10/20
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
10Energy generation through renewable energy sources
20Hydro energy
Applicants KAZANTSEV ANDREY NIKOLAEVICH
Inventors KAZANTSEV ANDREY NIKOLAEVICH
Designated States
Priority Data 2012115407 17.04.2012 RU
2013000070 01.02.2013 RU
Title
(DE) LUFT-WASSER-KRAFTWERK
(EN) AERO-HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION
(FR) CENTRALE HYDROÉLECTRIQUE AÉRO
Abstract
(EN)
The invention relates to hydroelectric power industry and can be used for capturing the energy stored within atmospheric moisture at any location worldwide. The objective of the invention is to expand functional capabilities and increase specific power of a hydroelectric power plant by using a maximum possible level difference between the head race and tail race (from the atmospheric moisture condensation level to ground level). The main additional functional capability of such an aero-hydroelectric power plant consists in that it can operate practically anywhere, whilst taking up a very small amount of space on the ground, and can even be mobile. Moreover, it makes it possible to produce, at any location, clean water for drinking and irrigation, without causing any damage to the environment as a result of comparatively small hydro flows. The device comprises a tail race (1), a head race (2), a water conduit (3), a turbogenerator (4), meshed, woven or filmed surfaces (5), an airship (6), and fastening cables (7). The airship (6) raises the surfaces (5) to the altitude above the dew point corresponding to the given atmospheric conditions (usually, 2-3 km). There, the supercooled atmospheric moisture starts to condense (accumulate) actively on the surfaces (5). A drainage system provided on the surfaces (5) takes this water to a small reservoir (head race 2), from which the water, under a head caused by the entire altitude level difference, passes along the water conduit (3) into the tail race (1) on the ground, thereby producing electrical power in the turbogenerator (4). Illustr.

(FR)
L'invention se rapporte à la production d'électricité et peut être utilisée pour récupérer l'énergie contenue dans l'humidité de l'atmosphère en un quelconque point du globe. Le but de l'invention est d'étendre les possibilités fonctionnelles et d'accroître la puissance spécifique de centrales hydroélectriques en utilisant la perte d'altitude maximale possible entre les biefs supérieur et inférieur (depuis l'altitude de condensation de l'humidité de l'atmosphère jusqu'au sol). L'importante capacité fonctionnelle supplémentaire, ou centrale hydroélectrique Aéro, est qu'elle peut fonctionner pratiquement partout, qu'elle occupe peu de place au sol, et peut même être mobile. Elle assure en outre en tout endroit la production d'eau pur pour la consommation et l'irrigation sans occasionner de dommages écologiques du fait de flux hydrauliques relativement faibles. Le dispositif comprend un bief inférieur (1), un bief supérieur (2), une conduite d'eau (3), un générateur à turbine (4), des surfaces en filet, tissus ou pelliculaires (5), un dirigeable (6) et des câbles d'amarrage (7). Le dirigeable (6) élève les surfaces (59 à une hauteur supérieure au point de rosée pour des conditions atmosphériques données (normalement 2 à 3 km). A ce point, l'humidité atmosphérique sur-refroidie commence à se condenser activement (accumulation) sur les surfaces (5). Un système de drainage sur les surfaces (5) évacue cette eau vers un petit réservoir (bief supérieur (2)) duquel l'eau va chuter de toute la hauteur par gravité et pénétrer via la conduite d'eau (3) dans le bief inférieur (1) au sol, générant ainsi de l'électricité dans le générateur à turbine (4).