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1. EP0832393 - PROCESS FOR DISPOSING OF DANGEROUS PRODUCTS CONTAINING EXPLOSIVES AND POISONS AND SUITABLE EXPLODING AND INCINERATION CHAMBER THEREFOR

Office European Patent Office
Application Number 96903887
Application Date 23.02.1996
Publication Number 0832393
Publication Date 01.04.1998
Publication Kind B1
IPC
F23G 5/24
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE OR LOW GRADE FUELS BY COMBUSTION
5Methods or apparatus, e.g. incinerators, specially adapted for combustion of waste or low-grade fuels
24with combustion in a vertical, substantially cylindrical, combustion chamber
F23M 5/00
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
MCASINGS, LININGS, WALLS OR DOORS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, e.g. FIREBRIDGES; DEVICES FOR DEFLECTING AIR, FLAMES OR COMBUSTION PRODUCTS IN COMBUSTION CHAMBERS; SAFETY ARRANGEMENTS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION APPARATUS; DETAILS OF COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
5Casings; Linings; Walls
F23G 5/44
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE OR LOW GRADE FUELS BY COMBUSTION
5Methods or apparatus, e.g. incinerators, specially adapted for combustion of waste or low-grade fuels
44Details; Accessories
F23G 7/06
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE OR LOW GRADE FUELS BY COMBUSTION
7Methods or apparatus, e.g. incinerators, specially adapted for combustion of specific waste or low grade fuels, e.g. chemicals
06of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases
A62D 3/38
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
DCHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES; PROCESSES FOR MAKING HARMFUL CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES HARMLESS, OR LESS HARMFUL, BY EFFECTING A CHEMICAL CHANGE; COMPOSITION OF MATERIALS FOR COVERINGS OR CLOTHING FOR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS; COMPOSITION OF MATERIALS FOR TRANSPARENT PARTS OF GAS-MASKS, RESPIRATORS, BREATHING BAGS OR HELMETS; COMPOSITION OF CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR USE IN BREATHING APPARATUS
3Processes for making harmful chemical substances harmless, or less harmful, by effecting a chemical change in the substances
30by reacting with chemical agents
38by oxidation; by combustion
F23M 11/02
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
MCASINGS, LININGS, WALLS OR DOORS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, e.g. FIREBRIDGES; DEVICES FOR DEFLECTING AIR, FLAMES OR COMBUSTION PRODUCTS IN COMBUSTION CHAMBERS; SAFETY ARRANGEMENTS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION APPARATUS; DETAILS OF COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
11Safety arrangements
02Preventing emission of flames or hot gases, or admission of air, through working or charging apertures
CPC
A62D 3/40
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
DCHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES OR FOR COMBATING OR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS; CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR USE IN BREATHING APPARATUS
3Processes for making harmful chemical substances harmless or less harmful, by effecting a chemical change in the substances
40by heating to effect chemical change, e.g. pyrolysis
A62D 3/38
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
DCHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES OR FOR COMBATING OR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS; CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR USE IN BREATHING APPARATUS
3Processes for making harmful chemical substances harmless or less harmful, by effecting a chemical change in the substances
30by reacting with chemical agents
38by oxidation; by combustion
A62D 2101/06
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
DCHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES OR FOR COMBATING OR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS; CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR USE IN BREATHING APPARATUS
2101Harmful chemical substances made harmless, or less harmful, by effecting chemical change
06Explosives, propellants or pyrotechnics, e.g. rocket fuel or napalm
A62D 2203/10
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
DCHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES OR FOR COMBATING OR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS; CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR USE IN BREATHING APPARATUS
2203Aspects of processes for making harmful chemical substances harmless, or less harmful, by effecting chemical change in the substances
10Apparatus specially adapted for treating harmful chemical agents; Details thereof
C06B 21/0091
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
06EXPLOSIVES; MATCHES
BEXPLOSIVES OR THERMIC COMPOSITIONS
21Apparatus or methods for working-up explosives, e.g. forming, cutting, drying
0091Elimination of undesirable or temporary components of an intermediate or finished product, e.g. making porous or low density products, purifying, stabilising, drying; Deactivating; Reclaiming;
F23G 2209/16
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
2209Specific waste
16Warfare materials, e.g. ammunition
Applicants HAMPEL CHRISTOPH
HAMPEL ROMAN
Inventors HAMPEL HEINRICH
Priority Data 19521204 13.06.1995 DE
9600282 23.02.1996 DE
Title
(DE) VERFAHREN ZUM ENTSORGEN VON SPRENG- UND GIFTSTOFFE ENTHALTENDEM GEFAHRENGUT SOWIE ZUR DURCHFÜHRUNG DIESES VERFAHRENS GEEIGNETE SPRENG- UND BRENNKAMMER
(EN) PROCESS FOR DISPOSING OF DANGEROUS PRODUCTS CONTAINING EXPLOSIVES AND POISONS AND SUITABLE EXPLODING AND INCINERATION CHAMBER THEREFOR
(FR) PROCEDE POUR L'ELIMINATION DE PRODUITS DANGEREUX RENFERMENT DES MATIERES EXPLOSIVES ET TOXIQUES, ET CHAMBRE D'EXPLOSION ET D'INCINERATION APPROPRIEE POUR LA MISE EN OEUVRE DE CE PROCEDE
Abstract
(DE)
Bei einem Verfahren zum Entsorgen von Spreng- und Giftstoffe enthaltendem Gefahrengut ist vorgesehen, daß der bei der Sprengung und/oder Verbrennung anfallende Schrott am Boden der Spreng- und Brennkammer als Schrottreservoir gesammelt und die Menge dieses Schrotts durch Abziehen aus der Kammer ständig zwischen einem Minimal- und einem Maximalwert gehalten wird. Das Schrottreservoir wird beim Betrieb der Kammer ständig auf einer Temperatur von mindestens 300 °C gehalten, und die gasförmigen Explosions- oder Verbrennungsprodukte werden ausschließlich durch das Schrottreservoir hindurch aus der Spreng- und Brennkammer abgeleitet. Eine zur Durchführung dieses Verfahrens vorgeschlagene Spreng- und Brennkammer sieht vor, daß in dem Bereich des Schrottreservoirs ein Brenner (12) wirksam ist, daß sich im Bereich unterhalb des Schrottreservoirs (11) der Anschluß an das Unterdrucksystem (13) befindet und daß der übrige Bereich der Spreng- und Brennkammer gegenüber dem Schrottreservoir (11) mit mindestens einem Dämmkörper (14) abgeschirmt ist.

(EN)
In a process for disposing of dangerous products containing explosives and poisons, the waste produced by the explosion and/or incineration is collected at the bottom of the exploding and incineration chamber as a waste store and the quantity of such waste is constantly kept between a minimum and a maximum by withdrawal of the waste from the chamber. During the operation of the chamber the waste store is kept constantly at a temperature of at least 300 °C and the gaseous explosion or combustion products are taken from the explosion and combustion chamber only through the waste store. In an explosion and combustion chamber proposed of the implementation of this process, a burner (12) operates in the region of the waste store, the connection to the underpressure system (23) is locates in the region beneath the waste store (11) and the remaining region of the explosion and combustion chamber is screened from the waste store (11) by at least one barrier body (4).

(FR)
Procédé pour l'élimination de produits dangereux renfermant des matières explosives et toxiques, selon lequel les déchets produits par l'explosion et/ou l'incinération sont collectés au fond de la chambre d'explosion et d'incinération réalisée sous la forme d'un réservoir à déchets, et la quantité de ces déchets est constamment maintenue entre une valeur minimale et une valeur maximale, par retrait de ces déchets de la chambre. Losque la chambre est en service, le réservoir à déchets est maintenu constamment à une température d'au moins 300 °C, et les produits gazeux provenant de l'explosion ou de l'incinération sont évacués de ladite chambre, exclusivement à travers le réservoir à déchets. Une chambre d'explosion et d'incinération utilisée pour la mise en ÷uvre de ce procédé est caractérisée en ce qu'un brûleur (12) fonctionne dans la zone du réservoir à déchets, en ce que la connexion au système de dépression (13) est située dans la zone se trouvant au-dessous du réservoir à déchets (11), et en ce que la zone restante de la chambre d'explosion et d'incinération est séparée du réservoir à déchets (11) par au moins un corps formant barrière (14).