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1. EP0743130 - Robotic movement of object over a workpiece surface

Office European Patent Office
Application Number 96108811
Application Date 16.08.1993
Publication Number 0743130
Publication Date 20.11.1996
Publication Kind B1
IPC
B23K 26/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
B23K 26/04
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
B23K 26/08
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
08Devices involving relative movement between laser beam and workpiece
B23K 26/10
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
08Devices involving relative movement between laser beam and workpiece
10using a fixed support
B25J 9/18
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; HANDLES FOR HAND IMPLEMENTS; WORKSHOP EQUIPMENT; MANIPULATORS
JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
9Programme-controlled manipulators
16Programme controls
18electric
CPC
B23K 26/046
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
046Automatically focusing the laser beam
B23K 26/04
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
B23K 26/043
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
042Automatically aligning the laser beam
043along the beam path, i.e. alignment of laser beam axis relative to laser beam apparatus
B23K 26/048
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
04Automatically aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam, e.g. using the back-scattered light
046Automatically focusing the laser beam
048by controlling the distance between laser head and workpiece
B23K 26/0622
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
06Shaping the laser beam, e.g. by masks or multi-focusing
062by direct control of the laser beam
0622by shaping pulses
B23K 26/0884
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
26Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
08Devices involving relative movement between laser beam and workpiece
0869Devices involving movement of the laser head in at least one axial direction
0876in at least two axial directions
0884in at least in three axial directions, e.g. manipulators, robots
Applicants LUMONICS CORP
Inventors SCHMIDT H ROBERT
MARTIN DAN
Designated States
Title
(DE) Robotische Bewegung eines Gegenstanden über einer Werkstücksfläche
(EN) Robotic movement of object over a workpiece surface
(FR) Mouvement robotisé d'un objet au-dessus de la surface d'une pièce
Abstract
(EN)
A system for robotic control of an object having x, y and z axis translational movement and C and D axis rotational movement capability. The object, which may be a robotic element such as a manipulator or machining tool or a laser beam positioner is controlled by the system for automatic tracking and orientation of the object over the surface of a workpiece including automatically determining the normal vector to the surface of the workpiece. It provides controllable movement and orientation of the object along selectable axes for accurate tracking of the workpiece surface by the object. The system allows processing of the workpiece by the object even when the axis of the object is oriented at an angle other than normal to the surface of the workpiece. The system when used to control a laser beam provides for control of the of the focal point of the beam at a particular displacement from the machining nozzle tip, using a least mean squares curve fitting technique and a sampled capacitive sensing device operative in the refractory interval between laser pulses and further provides for identification of a mounting fixture unique to a workpiece by sensing coding on the surface of the fixture thereby to select a particular part machining program.