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1. EP2780384 - IMPROVED POLYURETHANE FOAM COMPOSITION

Office
European Patent Office
Application Number 12799090
Application Date 14.11.2012
Publication Number 2780384
Publication Date 24.09.2014
Publication Kind B1
IPC
C08G 18/12
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
08Processes
10Prepolymer processes involving reaction of isocyanates or isothiocyanates with compounds having active hydrogen in a first reaction step
12using two or more compounds having active hydrogen in the first polymerisation step
C08G 18/28
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
28characterised by the compounds used containing active hydrogen
C08G 18/32
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
28characterised by the compounds used containing active hydrogen
30Low-molecular-weight compounds
32Polyhydroxy compounds; Polyamines; Hydroxy amines
C08G 18/48
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
28characterised by the compounds used containing active hydrogen
40High-molecular-weight compounds
48Polyethers
C08G 18/80
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
70characterised by the isocyanates or isothiocyanates used
72Polyisocyanates or polyisothiocyanates
80Masked polyisocyanates
CPC
C08G 18/8019
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
70characterised by the isocyanates or isothiocyanates used
72Polyisocyanates or polyisothiocyanates
80Masked polyisocyanates
8003masked with compounds having at least two groups containing active hydrogen
8006with compounds of C08G18/32
8009with compounds of C08G18/3203
8012with diols
8019Masked aromatic polyisocyanates
C08G 18/8029
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
70characterised by the isocyanates or isothiocyanates used
72Polyisocyanates or polyisothiocyanates
80Masked polyisocyanates
8003masked with compounds having at least two groups containing active hydrogen
8006with compounds of C08G18/32
8009with compounds of C08G18/3203
8022with polyols having at least three hydroxy groups
8029Masked aromatic polyisocyanates
C08G 18/8064
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
70characterised by the isocyanates or isothiocyanates used
72Polyisocyanates or polyisothiocyanates
80Masked polyisocyanates
8061masked with compounds having only one group containing active hydrogen
8064with monohydroxy compounds
C08G 18/12
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
08Processes
10Prepolymer processes involving reaction of isocyanates or isothiocyanates with compounds having active hydrogen in a first reaction step
12using two or more compounds having active hydrogen in the first polymerisation step
C08G 18/2805
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
28characterised by the compounds used containing active hydrogen
2805Compounds having only one group containing active hydrogen
C08G 18/2825
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
18Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
06with compounds having active hydrogen
28characterised by the compounds used containing active hydrogen
2805Compounds having only one group containing active hydrogen
2815Monohydroxy compounds
282Alkanols, cycloalkanols or arylalkanols including terpenealcohols
2825having at least 6 carbon atoms
Applicants SOUDAL
Inventors VERSTEGEN JOHN
VERVOORT BART
GEBOES PETER
Designated States
Title
(DE) VERBESSERTE POLYURETHANSCHAUMZUSAMMENSETZUNG
(EN) IMPROVED POLYURETHANE FOAM COMPOSITION
(FR) COMPOSITION DE MOUSSE DE POLYURÉTHANE AMÉLIORÉE
Abstract
(EN) Disclosed is a polyurethane foam composition based on polyisocyanates comprising initially at least 20 wt% mMDI and at most 24.5 wt% mTDI, a towards isocyanate polyfunctional and a towards isocyanate monofunctional compound, which composition contains a) less than 1.00 wt% residual free mMDI, b) at least 0.4 wt% total of mMDI of which at least one isocyanate group has been reacted with a monofunctional compound, c) wherein the polyurethane prepolymer composition is having an isocyanate index of at least 105 and at most 350, d) wherein the equivalents ratio of functional groups of the monofunctional compounds relative to the amount of the isocyanate functional groups initially present is at least 6.5%, and e) wherein the equivalents ratio of towards isocyanate tri- and higher functional reactive compounds relative to the isocyanate functional groups initially present is at most 6.50%. Further disclosed is a suitable prepolymer, production methods and uses.
(FR) L'invention porte sur une composition de mousse de polyuréthane à base de polyisocyanates comprenant initialement au moins 20 % en poids de mMDI et au maximum 24,5 % en poids de mTDI, d'un composé polyfonctionnel vis-à-vis des isocyanates et d'un composé monofonctionnel vis-à-vis des isocyanates, laquelle composition contient a) moins de 1,00 % en poids de mMDI libre résiduel, b) au moins 0,4 % en poids total de mMDI dont au moins un groupe isocyanate a réagi avec un composé monofonctionnel, c) la composition de prépolymère de polyuréthane ayant un indice d'isocyanate d'au moins 105 et d'au maximum 350, d) le rapport du nombre d'équivalents de groupes fonctionnels des composés monofonctionnels par rapport à la quantité des groupes fonctionnels isocyanate initialement présents étant d'au moins 6,5 % et e) le rapport du nombre d'équivalents de composés trifonctionnels et de fonctionnalité supérieure à trois réactifs vis-à-vis des isocyanates par rapport aux groupes fonctionnels isocyanate initialement présents étant d'au maximum 6,50 %. L'invention porte en outre sur un prépolymère approprié, sur des procédés de production et sur des utilisations.
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