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1. CN102217001 - Method for producing energy and apparatus therefor

Office
China
Application Number 200980146322.4
Application Date 24.11.2009
Publication Number 102217001
Publication Date 12.10.2011
Grant Number
Grant Date 15.04.2015
Publication Kind B
IPC
G21B 3/00
GPHYSICS
21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
BFUSION REACTORS
3Low-temperature nuclear fusion reactors, e.g. alleged cold fusion reactors
CPC
G21B 3/002
GPHYSICS
21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
BFUSION REACTORS
3Low temperature nuclear fusion reactors, e.g. alleged cold fusion reactors
002Fusion by absorption in a matrix
Y02E 30/10
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
30Energy generation of nuclear origin
10Nuclear fusion reactors
Applicants L·贝尔戈米
T·吉迪尼
S·皮安泰利
Inventors F·皮安泰利
Agents 北京纪凯知识产权代理有限公司 11245
北京纪凯知识产权代理有限公司 11245
Priority Data PI2008A000119 24.11.2008 IT
Title
(EN) Method for producing energy and apparatus therefor
(ZH) 产生能量的方法及其设备
Abstract
(EN) A method and a generator to produce energy from nuclear reactions between hydrogen and a metal, comprising the steps of a) production of a determined quantity of micro/nanometric clusters of a transition metal, b) bringing hydrogen into contact with said clusters and controlling its pressure and speed, preferably after applying vacuum cycles of at least 10-9 bar between 35 DEG and 500 DEG C for degassing the clusters; c) creating an active core for the reactions by heating the clusters up to a temperature that is higher than the Debye temperature TD of the metal, preferably a temperature close to a temperature at which a sliding of reticular planes occurs, in order to adsorb in the clusters the hydrogen as H- ions; d) triggering the reactions by a mechanical, thermal, ultrasonic, electric or magnetic impulse on the active core, causing the atoms of the metal to capture the hydrogen ions, with liberation of heat, preferably in the presence of a gradient of temperature on the active core; e)removing the heat maintaining the temperature above TD, preferably in the presence of a magnetic and/or electric field of predetermined intensity.; The active core can comprise a sintered material of micro/nanometric clusters, or a clusters powder collected in a container, or a deposit of clusters onto a substrate of predetermined volume and shape, with at least 109 clusters per square centimetre of surface, obtainable by means of methods such as sputtering, spraying evaporation and condensation of metal, epitaxial deposition, by heating up to approaching the melting point and then slow cooling, such methods followed by quick cooling for freezing the cluster structure.
(ZH)

从氢和金属之间的核反应产生能量的方法和发生器,其包括步骤a)产生过渡金属的确定量的微米/纳米的簇,b)优选地在350和500℃之间施加至少10-9巴的真空循环用于使簇脱气之后,使氢与所述簇接触并且控制其压力和速度;c)通过加热簇至高于金属的德拜温度TD的温度,优选地是接近发生网状平面的滑动的温度,产生反应的活性核,以在簇中吸附作为H-离子的氢;d)通过活性核上的机械的、热的、超声的、电的或者磁的脉冲触发反应,使金属原子捕获氢离子,同时释放热,优选地在活性核上存在温度梯度;e)优选地存在预定强度的磁和/或电场下,除去热量保持温度高于TD。活性核可以包括微米/纳米的簇的烧结的材料,或者在容器中收集的簇粉末,或者预定的体积和形状的基底上的簇的沉积物,其中每平方厘米的表面具有至少109个簇,通过诸如金属的溅射、喷雾蒸发和冷凝、外延沉积、通过加热至接近熔点和然后缓慢冷却的方法是可得到的,在这些方法之后是迅速冷却用于冻结簇结构。


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