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1. CN101801624 - Improved method for automatically producing a conglomerate structure and apparatus therefor

Office China
Application Number 200880107174.0
Application Date 17.09.2008
Publication Number 101801624
Publication Date 11.08.2010
Publication Kind A
IPC
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
28
WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
B
SHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS, SLAG OR MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
7
Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
40
characterised by means for modifying the properties of the moulding material
46
for humidifying or dehumidifying
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29
WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
C
SHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL; AFTER- TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
67
Shaping techniques not covered by groups B29C39/-B29C65/93
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29
WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
C
SHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL; AFTER- TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
67
Shaping techniques not covered by groups B29C39/-B29C65/93
24
characterised by the choice of material
B28B 7/46
B29C 67/00
B29C 67/24
CPC
B28B 7/465
B28B 1/001
B29C 64/165
B29C 67/243
B33Y 10/00
B33Y 70/00
Applicants Dini Enrico
E·蒂尼
Inventors Dini Enrico
E·蒂尼
Agents zhao rongmin
北京纪凯知识产权代理有限公司 11245
Priority Data PI2007A000108 17.09.2007 IT
Title
(EN) Improved method for automatically producing a conglomerate structure and apparatus therefor
(ZH) 自动制造砾岩结构的改进方法及其设备
Abstract
(EN)
A method and an apparatus for automatically making conglomerated structures (6). The method comprises a) modelling a building structure and a containing shell about the structure by a computer using a CAD software thus obtaining a file; b) extracting sections of modelled structure and of modelled containing shell, by means of horizontal planes spaced apart of a predetermined pitch, such that a plurality of section planes is generated, said planes being sorted from below towards above with respect to the model of the structure and of the model of the shell; c) depositing by a moving unit (3) on a ground a bottom-to-top plurality of layers of granular material (22) alternate to a binding material liquid sprayed on the layers at filled areas corresponding to filled portions of the of the structure and of the containing shell, according to a predetermined path; d) vertically raising the moving unit (3) according to a pitch between a deposited layer and the following layer; e) repeating the step of depositing granulating material and repeating the step of spraying the binding material on a granulated material at filled areas of the structure and of the shell as many times as the planar cross sections into which said structure and the containing shell have been divided, each of said times for a different and consecutive section plane until the last layer (17) is complete; f) demolishing the containing shell (5) and removing unbound granular material (7) accumulated in the shell (5), thus releasing a conglomerate structure (6) that reproduces accurately said modelled structure. The apparatus comprises a horizontal frame (1), a bridge (2) sliding on guide on the horizontal frame (1), a moving unit (3) sliding along the bridge (2) or integral to the bridge (29) and have a spraying head (20). The horizontal frame (1 ) is moved along uprights (4) by a step actuator.

(ZH)

本发明涉及一种自动制造砾岩结构(6)的方法和设备。该方法包括:1)通过使用CAD软件的计算机建模建筑物结构和围绕该结构的围壳,从而获得文件;2)通过隔开预定间距的水平面,提取建模结构和建模围壳的剖面,以便产生多个剖面,所述剖面相对于结构模型和围壳模型从下向上排列;3)根据预定的路径,通过移动单元(3)从下向上在地面上交替浇注多个粒状材料层(22)至喷涂在覆层上相应于结构与围壳填充部分的填充区处的粘合材料液体;4)根据浇注层与下一层的间距垂直提升移动单元(3);5)重复浇注粒状材料的所述步骤并重复在粒状材料上喷涂粘合材料于结构和围壳填充区的步骤,重复次数等于所述结构和围壳被划分的平面横截面数,所述次数的每一次进行不同并连续的剖面,直至完成最后一层(17);6)拆毁围壳(5)并去除聚集于围壳(5)内的未粘合粒状材料(7),从而释放准确复制所述建模结构的砾岩结构(6)。该设备包括水平框架(1)、滑行于水平框架(1)的导架上的桥架(2)、沿桥架(2)滑行或与桥架(29)整体形成且具有喷头(20)的移动单元(3)。水平框架(1)由步进传动器沿立柱(4)移动。该设备包括围绕围壳(5)并与水平框架(1)整体形成的多个“边围”(10)。该边围刮擦围壳(5)的外表面,聚集浇注在围壳(5)外侧的粒状材料(2)。该边围(10)可包括刷状边缘(20),适于外部清扫围壳(5)。