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1. CN102770401 - 甲醇的制备方法

Office
China
Application Number 201180010552.5
Application Date 28.01.2011
Publication Number 102770401
Publication Date 07.11.2012
Grant Number 102770401
Grant Date 20.04.2016
Publication Kind B
IPC
C07C 29/151
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
29Preparation of compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to a carbon atom not belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring
15by reduction of oxides of carbon exclusively
151with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases
C07C 29/154
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
29Preparation of compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to a carbon atom not belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring
15by reduction of oxides of carbon exclusively
151with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases
153characterised by the catalyst used
154containing copper, silver, gold, or compounds thereof
C07C 31/04
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
31Saturated compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
02Monohydroxylic acyclic alcohols
04Methanol
B01J 8/04
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
8Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
02with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds
04the fluid passing successively through two or more beds
CPC
B01J 8/0457
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
8Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
02with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds
04the fluid passing successively through two or more beds
0446the flow within the beds being predominantly vertical
0449in two or more cylindrical beds
0457the beds being placed in separate reactors
B01J 2208/00061
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2208Processes carried out in the presence of solid particles; Reactors therefor
00008Controlling the process
00017Controlling the temperature
00026Controlling or regulating the heat exchange system
00035involving measured parameters
00044Temperature measurement
00061of the reactants
B01J 2208/00274
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2208Processes carried out in the presence of solid particles; Reactors therefor
00008Controlling the process
00017Controlling the temperature
00106by indirect heat exchange
00265Part of all of the reactants being heated or cooled outside the reactor while recycling
00274involving reactant vapours
B01J 2208/00628
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2208Processes carried out in the presence of solid particles; Reactors therefor
00008Controlling the process
00628Controlling the composition of the reactive mixture
B01J 2208/025
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2208Processes carried out in the presence of solid particles; Reactors therefor
02with stationary particles
023Details
024Particulate material
025Two or more types of catalyst
B01J 2219/0004
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
00002Chemical plants
00027Process aspects
0004Processes in series
Applicants 鲁奇有限责任公司
Inventors 霍尔格·施利希廷
菲利普·马里乌斯·哈克尔
托马斯·沃泽尔
Agents 中原信达知识产权代理有限责任公司 11219
中原信达知识产权代理有限责任公司 11219
Title
(ZH) 甲醇的制备方法
Abstract
(ZH)

在含有多个串联合成阶段的通过催化法制备甲醇的方法中,其中基于反应温度和/或合成气中一氧化碳的浓度测定的反应条件的严苛性从第一反应阶段至最后反应阶段沿流动方向降低,在合成气流经过的所述第一反应阶段中使用低活性但具有高的长期稳定性的第一催化剂,而在合成气流经过的所述最后反应阶段中使用高活性但具有低的长期稳定性的第二催化剂。