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1. BR112018075838 - método para separar etanol de biomassa fermentada, e aparelho para separar um produto de fermentação de biomassa fermentada

Office Brazil
Application Number 112018075838
Application Date 20.02.2018
Publication Number 112018075838
Publication Date 30.04.2019
Grant Number 112018075838
Grant Date 24.03.2020
Publication Kind B1
IPC
B01D 3/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
B01D 3/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
B01J 19/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
19Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
B01J 19/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
19Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
CPC
B01D 3/001
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
001Processes specially adapted for distillation or rectification of fermented solutions
B01D 3/002
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
001Processes specially adapted for distillation or rectification of fermented solutions
002by continuous methods
B01D 3/009
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
009in combination with chemical reactions
B01D 3/16
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
14Fractional distillation ; or use of a fractionation or rectification column
16Fractionating columns in which vapour bubbles through liquid
B01D 3/38
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
34with one or more auxiliary substances
38Steam distillation
B01D 5/006
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
5Condensation of vapours; Recovering volatile solvents by condensation
0057in combination with other processes
006with evaporation or distillation
Applicants EDWARD BRIAN HAMRICK
Inventors EDWARD BRIAN HAMRICK
Agents DAVID DO NASCIMENTO ADVOGADOS ASSOCIADOS
Title
(PT) método para separar etanol de biomassa fermentada, e aparelho para separar um produto de fermentação de biomassa fermentada
Abstract
(PT)
método para separar etanol de biomassa fermentada,e aparelho para separar um produto de fermentação de biomassafermentadatrata-se de um método para separar etanol debiomassa fermentada. a biomassa fermentada que é rica emetanol é usada diretamente como material de embalagem em umacoluna de destilação, e uma quantidade pequena de água nofundo da coluna é usada para transferir calor de modo eficazpara a biomassa no fundo da coluna. a embalagem de biomassafermentada tem uma alta razão entre área superficial evolume, produzindo um material de embalagem eficaz. à medidaque o vapor condensa na biomassa, a difusão de vapord'água/etanol a partir do corpo da biomassa enriquece aconcentração de etanol na superfície da biomassa. asgotículas que contêm concentrações mais baixas de etanolgotejam para baixo a partir da biomassa, e os vapores quecontêm concentrações mais altas de etanol sobem a partir dabiomassa, resultando em uma concentração maior de etanol notopo da coluna do que inicialmente na biomassa.